Traducción: de latin en ingles

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a courtier of Pyrrhus

  • 1 Pyrrhus

    Pyrrhus, i, m., = Purros.
    I.
    Son of Achilles and Deïdamia (otherwise called Neoptolemus), founder of a kingdom in Epirus, slain at Delphi by Orestes, Just. 17, 3, 18; Verg. A. 2, 469; 526 sq.; Ov. H. 8, 3; Hyg. Fab. 97; 123; Dict. Cret. 4, 15. —
    2.
    Pyrrhi Castra, a place in Laconia, Liv. 35, 27; in Triphylia, id. 32, 13. — Hence,
    B. II.
    King of Epirus, about 280 B.C., an enemy of the Romans; on account of his descent from Achilles, called Aeacides (v. h. v.), Cic. Lael. 8, 28; id. Rep. 3, 28, 31; id. Fin. 2, 19, 61; id. Off. 1, 12, 38; 3, 22, 86; Hor. C. 3, 6, 35; Just. 35, 3 sqq.; Sil. 14, 94.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Pyrrhus

  • 2 Presbytis (Trachypithecus) cristatus pyrrhus

    ENG budeng
    NLD zwarte kuifaap, loetoeng boedeng
    GER Budeng
    FRA budeng

    Animal Names Latin to English > Presbytis (Trachypithecus) cristatus pyrrhus

  • 3 Timochares

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Timochares

  • 4 amīcus

        amīcus adj. with comp. and sup.    [AM-], loving, friendly, kind, favorable: tribuni nobis amici: tyranno, N.: luto sus, H.: mihi nemo amicior Attico: rex amicissimus rei p.: erga te animo esse amico, T.: male numen amicum, unfriendly, V.: coniunctissimus et amicissimus. — Fig., of things, kindly, pleasing, acceptable, favorable: imbres, V.: sidus, propitious, H.: voltus, O.: portūs, of friends, V.: tempus, welcome, H.: nihil est mihi amicius solitudine: Brevitas mihimet amicissima: Nec dīs amicum est te Abire, is it pleasing, H.
    * * *
    I
    amica -um, amicior -or -us, amicissimus -a -um ADJ
    friendly, dear, fond of; supporting (political), loyal, devoted; loving
    II
    friend, ally, disciple; loved one; patron; counselor/courtier (to a prince)

    Latin-English dictionary > amīcus

  • 5 amīcus

        amīcus ī ( gen plur. amīcūm, T.), m    [1 amicus], a loved one, loving one, friend: communia esse amicorum inter se omnia, T.: tria paria amicorum: novus, vetus: paternus ac pernecessarius: numeri maioris amici, the most of his friends, O.— A patron, protector: potens, H.: magnus, Iu.—A companion, colleague: fugam exprobravit amico, O.—Of the state, a friend, ally: Deiotarus ex animo amicus: a senatu populi R. amicus appellatus, Cs. — Of a prince, a counsellor, courtier, minister: regis, Cs.: reges ex amicis Alexandri, N.
    * * *
    I
    amica -um, amicior -or -us, amicissimus -a -um ADJ
    friendly, dear, fond of; supporting (political), loyal, devoted; loving
    II
    friend, ally, disciple; loved one; patron; counselor/courtier (to a prince)

    Latin-English dictionary > amīcus

  • 6 aulicus

        aulicus ī, m    [aula], a courtier.—Plur., N.
    * * *
    I
    aulica, aulicum ADJ
    of/pertaining to the pipe/flute
    II
    aulica, aulicum ADJ
    of/belonging to the imperial/a prince's household; princely
    III
    courtier (of the imperial/a prince's household)

    Latin-English dictionary > aulicus

  • 7 coruscus

        coruscus adj.,    in waving motion, waving, vibrating, tremulous: silvae, V.: ilices, V.—Flashing, gleaming, glittering: ignis, H.: vis fulminis, C. poet.: sol, V.: radii (solis), O.: Pyrrhus telis, V.: cristis capita alta corusci, V.
    * * *
    I
    corusca, coruscum ADJ
    vibrating/waving/tremulous/shaking; flashing, twinkling; brilliant (L+S)
    II
    lightening; (2 Ezra 6:2)

    Latin-English dictionary > coruscus

  • 8 exsultō or exultō

        exsultō or exultō āvī, —, āre, freq.    [exsilio], to spring vigorously, leap up, jump up: equi ferocitate exsultantes: taurus in herbā, O.: in limine Pyrrhus, V.: exsultant aestu latices, V.: exsultantes undae, dancing, O. — Fig., to move freely, expatiate: campus, in quo exsultare possit oratio: in reliquis (orationibus).— To exult, rejoice exceedingly, run riot, revel, vaunt, boast: exsultantem te reprimere: insolentiā, indulge: animis, V.: in suam famam gestis, Ta.: quod, etc.: in quo (facto) exsultat oratio mea: copiae per catervas exsultabant, Ta.

    Latin-English dictionary > exsultō or exultō

  • 9 purpurātus

        purpurātus ī, m    [purpura], one clad in purple, an officer of a royal court, king's attendant, courtier: minitare purpuratis tuis: ex purpuratis regis esse, L.
    * * *
    purpurata, purpuratum ADJ

    Latin-English dictionary > purpurātus

  • 10 satelles

        satelles itis, m and f    an attendant, follower, courtier, life-guard: regii satellites, retinue, L.: satellites Naevi: si equites Romani satellites Numidae traderentur, S.: Aurum per medios ire satellites... amat, H.: Hannibalis, followers, L.— —An attendant, companion, follower: Iovis pinnata satelles, i. e. the eagle: Orci, i. e. Charon, H.: deae custos, satelles (i. e. Orion, of Diana), O.— An assistant in crime, accomplice, partner, abettor: stipatores corporis constituit, eosdem satellites potestatis: satellites scelerum.—Fig., an assistant, attendant: natura ei (sc. homini) sensūs tamquam satellites attribuit: Virtutis rigidus, H.
    * * *
    I
    attendant; courtier; follower; life guard; companion; accomplice, abettor
    II
    S:satellite

    Latin-English dictionary > satelles

  • 11 curtisanus

    Latin-English dictionary > curtisanus

  • 12 Aeacides

    Aeăcĭdēs, ae, = Aiakidês, patr. m. (voc. Aeacidā, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56; Ov. H. 3, 87;

    Aeacidē,

    id. ib. 8, 7; gen. plur. Aeacidūm, Sil. 15, 392), a male descendant of Æacus, an Æacide.
    I.
    In gen.: stolidum genus Aeacidarum, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56; Ov. M. 8, 3; Sil. 15, 292; Just. 12, 15.—
    II.
    Esp., his son Phocus, Ov. M. 7, 668.— His sons Telamon and Peleus, Ov. M. 8, 4.— His son Peleus alone, Ov. M. 12, 365.— His grandson Achilles, Verg. A. 1, 99; Ov. M. 12, 82; 96; 365.— His great-grandson Pyrrhus, son of Achilles, Verg. A. 3, 296.— His later descendants, Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, Enn. ap. Cic. Div. 2, 56:

    Aeacidarum genus,

    Cic. Off. 1, 12; and Perseus, king of Macedon, conquered by Æmilius Paulus, Verg. A. 6, 839; Sil. 1, 627.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Aeacides

  • 13 amecus

    1.
    ămīcus (old form ămēcus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 15 Müll.), a, um, adj. [amo], friendly, kind, amicable, favorable, inclined to, liking; constr. with dat., Zumpt, Gram. §

    410: animo esse amico erga aliquem,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 29; Cic. Fam. 1, 7, 3:

    tribuni sunt nobis amici,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2 fin.:

    homo amicus nobis jam inde a puero,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 86:

    Pompeium tibi valde amicum esse cognovi,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5; id. Att. 9, 5:

    amicus non magis tyranno quam tyrannidi,

    Nep. Dion, 3, 2; id. Att. 9:

    male numen amicum,

    Verg. A. 2, 735; Ov. F. 3, 834:

    (Fortuna) amica varietati constantiam respuit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 16:

    amica luto sus,

    fond of, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 26.— Comp.:

    mihi nemo est amicior Attico,

    Cic. Att. 16, 16:

    amicior Cilicum aerariis quam nostro,

    id. ib. 7, 1, 6; id. Fam. 3, 2, 1.— Sup.:

    Deiotarum, fidelissimum regem atque amicissimum rei publicae nostrae,

    Cic. Att. 15, 2, 2:

    cum summi viri, tum amicissimi,

    id. Am. 2, 8:

    amicissimi viri,

    Suet. Caes. 1:

    successor conjunctissimus et amicissimus,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 3:

    hoc libro ad amicum amicissimus de amicitiā scripsi,

    id. Am. 1, 5; 23, 88 (but the comp. and sup. may sometimes be rendered as belonging to 2. amicus, a greater friend, the greatest friend, as in Cic. Att. 16, 16, and Am. 1, 5; so in Gr. basileus etc.).—
    B.
    Of things, kindly, pleasing (mostly poet.;

    so Cic. rarely): nihil homini amico est opportuno amicius,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 3, 44:

    secundum te nihil est mihi amicius solitudine,

    Cic. Att. 12, 15:

    portus intramus amicos,

    Verg. A. 5, 57: fessos opibus solatur amicis, id. [p. 106] ib. 5, 416:

    vento amico ferri,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 17:

    per amica silentia lunae,

    Verg. A. 2, 255:

    amici imbres,

    id. G. 4, 115:

    sidus amicum,

    Hor. Epod. 10, 9:

    sol amicum tempus agens,

    bringing the welcome hour, id. C. 3, 6, 43:

    tempus fraudibus amicum,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 39:

    brevitas postulatur, qui mihimet ipsi amicissima est,

    Cic. Quinct. 34.—
    * C.
    Amicum est mihi (after the Gr. philon esti moi; in pure Lat., mihi cordi est, etc.); with inf., it pleases me, it accords with my feelings:

    nec dis amicum est nec mihi te prius Obire,

    Hor. C. 2, 17, 2.—Hence, adv., in a friendly manner, kindly, amicably.
    a.
    Old form ămīcĭter, Pac. ap. Non. 510, 26; Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 3.—
    b.
    Class. form ămīcē:

    facis amice,

    Cic. Am. 2, 9:

    haec accipienda amice,

    id. ib. 24, 88; id. Fin. 1, 10; id. Off. 1, 26. —
    * Comp., Front. ad M. Caes. 1, 6.— Sup., Cic. Div. in Caecil. 9; Caes. B. C. 2, 17.
    2.
    ămīcus, i, m. [from amo, as philos from phileô, and from ] ( gen. plur. amicūm, Ter. Heaut. prol. 24).
    A.
    A friend; constr. with gen. or poss. adj.; v. Zumpt, Gram. §

    410: est is (amicus) tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Am. 21, 80 (cf. id. ib. 25, 92; id. Off. 1, 17):

    amicum qui intuetur, tamquam exemplar intuetur sui,

    id. Am. 7, 23:

    Non tam utilitas parta per amicum, quam amici amor ipse delectat,

    id. ib. 14, 51: Amicus certus in re incertā cernitur, Enn. ap. Cic. ib. 17, 64:

    boni improbis, improbi bonis amici esse non possunt,

    Cic. ib. 20, 74:

    ex omnibus saeculis vix tria aut quattuor nominantur paria amicorum,

    id. ib. 4, 15:

    tu ex amicis certis mi es certissimus,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 54 and 57:

    vetus verbum hoc est, Communia esse amicorum inter se omnia,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 18:

    Respicis antiquum lassis in rebus amicum,

    Ov. P. 2, 3, 93:

    Alba tuus antiquissimus non solum amicus, verum etiam amator,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 63 fin.:

    hospitis et amici mei M. Pacuvii fabula,

    id. Am. 7, 24:

    suis incommodis graviter angi non amicum sed se ipsum amantis est,

    of one loving not his friend, but himself, id. ib. 3, 10:

    ab amicis honesta petere, amicorum causā honesta facere,

    id. ib. 13, 44:

    paternus amicus ac pernecessarius,

    id. Fl. 6, 14:

    amicus novus,

    id. Am. 19, 67:

    vetus,

    id. ib.; Verg. A. 3, 82; Hor. S. 2, 6, 81; Ov. P. 1, 6, 53:

    amici ac familiares veteres,

    Suet. Tib. 55:

    aequaevus,

    Verg. A. 5, 452:

    ardens,

    id. ib. 9, 198:

    dulcis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 69; Ov. P. 1, 8, 31:

    carus,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 51; Ov. Tr. 3, 6, 7:

    jucundus,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 93:

    amici jucundissimi et omnium horarum,

    Suet. Tib. 42:

    amicus propior,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 5:

    fidelis,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 1; Vulg. Eccli. 6, 14:

    fidus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 24:

    verus,

    Cic. Am. 21, 82; Vulg. Eccli. 25, 12:

    mendax,

    Hor. A. P. 425:

    secernere blandum amicum a vero,

    Cic. Am. 25, 95:

    memor,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 9, 33:

    summus,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 1:

    primus,

    Vulg. 1 Macc. 10, 65:

    amici tristes,

    Hor. C. 1, 7, 24:

    maesti,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 5:

    dives,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 8, 24:

    inops,

    id. S. 1, 2, 5:

    inferioris ordinis amici,

    Cic. Am. 19, 69:

    communes amici,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 2:

    amice, salve!

    Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 12; so Cat. 55, 7; Verg. A. 6, 507; Hor. C. 2, 14, 6; and Vulg. Matt. 20, 13:

    magnanimi veritatis amici,

    Cic. Off. 1, 19:

    amicos parare,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 39:

    amicos parare optimam vitae, ut ita dicam, supellectilem,

    Cic. Am. 15, 55:

    minus amicorum habens,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 22:

    me unum atque unicum amicum habuit,

    Cat. 73, 6;

    amicos habere,

    Cic. Am. 11, 36; so Vulg. Prov. 22, 11:

    nos sibi amicos junget,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 32; Hor. S. 1, 3, 54:

    amicum servare,

    id. ib.:

    amicum servare per durum tempus,

    Ov. P. 2, 6, 29:

    aliquo uti amico,

    to have one as a friend, Cic. de Or. 1, 14, 62; Hor. S. 1, 4, 96:

    sibi amicum facere,

    Vulg. Luc. 16, 9:

    amicum diligere,

    Verg. A. 9, 430; Vulg. Deut. 13, 6:

    amico inservire,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 8:

    amico parcere,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 35:

    et monendi amici saepe sunt et objurgandi,

    Cic. Am. 24, 88:

    amico ignoscere,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 110:

    angorem pro amico capere,

    Cic. Am. 13, 48:

    amici jacentem animum excitare,

    id. ib. 16, 59:

    amicum consolari,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 4, 41:

    amico orbatus,

    Cic. Am. 3, 10:

    amicum offendere,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 73:

    non paucis munitus amicis,

    Ov. P. 2, 3, 25.—Also for patronus, patron, protector; so Horace of Mæcenas, Epod. 1, 2:

    amicus potens,

    powerful friend, id. C. 2, 18, 12; so,

    magnus,

    Juv. 3, 57; 6, 313: Suet. Aug. 56:

    valentissimi,

    id. ib. 35.—And for socius, companion:

    trepido fugam exprobravit amico,

    Ov. M. 13, 69.—
    B.
    In polit. relations, a friend of the State (who was not always socius, an ally, but the socius was always amicus; cf.

    amicitia): Deiotarus ex animo amicus, unus fidelis populo Romano,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 13:

    socio atque amico regi,

    Liv. 37, 54; 7, 30 et saep.; Suet. Caes. 11.—
    C.
    In and after the Aug. per., a counsellor, courtier, minister of a prince, Nep. Milt. 3, 2 Dähn.:

    fuerunt multi reges ex amicis Alexandri Magni,

    id. Reg. 3, 1; so Suet. Caes. 70, 72; 70, 79; id. Aug. 16; 17; 35; 56; 66; id. Calig. 19; id. Ner. 5; id. Galb. 7 al.; cf. Ernest. ad Suet. Excurs. XV.—Hence, ămī-ca, ae, f.
    A.
    In bon. part., a female friend (very rare; cf. hetaira in Hom., Aristoph., Plato):

    amicae, cognatae,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 2, 16:

    at haec amicae erunt, ubi, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 24:

    Me (laedit) soror et cum quae dormit amica simul,

    Prop. 2, 6, 12:

    ibit ad adfectam, quae non languebit, amicam Visere,

    Ov. Am. 2, 2, 21; cf. Juv. 3, 12; 6, 353; 6, 455; 6, 481; so Inscr. Grut. 865, 17; 891, 4. —
    B.
    In mal. part., = meretrix, a concubine, mistress, courtesan (esp. freq. in the comic poets; so in Gr. hetaira com. in Att. usage): eum suus pater ab amicā abduxit, Naev. ap. Gell. 6, 8:

    mulierem pejorem quam haec amica est Phaedromi non vidi,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 1, 3; so id. Trin. 3, 2, 25; 3, 4, 22; id. Cist. 2, 3, 28; id. Ep. 5, 2, 36; 5, 2, 39 al.:

    sive ista uxor sive amica est,

    Ter. And. 1, 3, 11; id. Heaut. 1, 1, 52; 1, 2, 15; 3, 3, 6; 4, 6, 15 et saep.; Cic. Att. 10, 10; Dig. 50, 16, 144.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > amecus

  • 14 amicus

    1.
    ămīcus (old form ămēcus, Paul. ex Fest. p. 15 Müll.), a, um, adj. [amo], friendly, kind, amicable, favorable, inclined to, liking; constr. with dat., Zumpt, Gram. §

    410: animo esse amico erga aliquem,

    Ter. Hec. 3, 3, 29; Cic. Fam. 1, 7, 3:

    tribuni sunt nobis amici,

    id. Q. Fr. 1, 2 fin.:

    homo amicus nobis jam inde a puero,

    Ter. Ad. 3, 3, 86:

    Pompeium tibi valde amicum esse cognovi,

    Cic. Fam. 1, 8, 5; id. Att. 9, 5:

    amicus non magis tyranno quam tyrannidi,

    Nep. Dion, 3, 2; id. Att. 9:

    male numen amicum,

    Verg. A. 2, 735; Ov. F. 3, 834:

    (Fortuna) amica varietati constantiam respuit,

    Cic. N. D. 2, 16:

    amica luto sus,

    fond of, Hor. Ep. 1, 2, 26.— Comp.:

    mihi nemo est amicior Attico,

    Cic. Att. 16, 16:

    amicior Cilicum aerariis quam nostro,

    id. ib. 7, 1, 6; id. Fam. 3, 2, 1.— Sup.:

    Deiotarum, fidelissimum regem atque amicissimum rei publicae nostrae,

    Cic. Att. 15, 2, 2:

    cum summi viri, tum amicissimi,

    id. Am. 2, 8:

    amicissimi viri,

    Suet. Caes. 1:

    successor conjunctissimus et amicissimus,

    Cic. Fam. 3, 3:

    hoc libro ad amicum amicissimus de amicitiā scripsi,

    id. Am. 1, 5; 23, 88 (but the comp. and sup. may sometimes be rendered as belonging to 2. amicus, a greater friend, the greatest friend, as in Cic. Att. 16, 16, and Am. 1, 5; so in Gr. basileus etc.).—
    B.
    Of things, kindly, pleasing (mostly poet.;

    so Cic. rarely): nihil homini amico est opportuno amicius,

    Plaut. Ep. 3, 3, 44:

    secundum te nihil est mihi amicius solitudine,

    Cic. Att. 12, 15:

    portus intramus amicos,

    Verg. A. 5, 57: fessos opibus solatur amicis, id. [p. 106] ib. 5, 416:

    vento amico ferri,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 5, 17:

    per amica silentia lunae,

    Verg. A. 2, 255:

    amici imbres,

    id. G. 4, 115:

    sidus amicum,

    Hor. Epod. 10, 9:

    sol amicum tempus agens,

    bringing the welcome hour, id. C. 3, 6, 43:

    tempus fraudibus amicum,

    Stat. S. 5, 2, 39:

    brevitas postulatur, qui mihimet ipsi amicissima est,

    Cic. Quinct. 34.—
    * C.
    Amicum est mihi (after the Gr. philon esti moi; in pure Lat., mihi cordi est, etc.); with inf., it pleases me, it accords with my feelings:

    nec dis amicum est nec mihi te prius Obire,

    Hor. C. 2, 17, 2.—Hence, adv., in a friendly manner, kindly, amicably.
    a.
    Old form ămīcĭter, Pac. ap. Non. 510, 26; Plaut. Pers. 2, 3, 3.—
    b.
    Class. form ămīcē:

    facis amice,

    Cic. Am. 2, 9:

    haec accipienda amice,

    id. ib. 24, 88; id. Fin. 1, 10; id. Off. 1, 26. —
    * Comp., Front. ad M. Caes. 1, 6.— Sup., Cic. Div. in Caecil. 9; Caes. B. C. 2, 17.
    2.
    ămīcus, i, m. [from amo, as philos from phileô, and from ] ( gen. plur. amicūm, Ter. Heaut. prol. 24).
    A.
    A friend; constr. with gen. or poss. adj.; v. Zumpt, Gram. §

    410: est is (amicus) tamquam alter idem,

    Cic. Am. 21, 80 (cf. id. ib. 25, 92; id. Off. 1, 17):

    amicum qui intuetur, tamquam exemplar intuetur sui,

    id. Am. 7, 23:

    Non tam utilitas parta per amicum, quam amici amor ipse delectat,

    id. ib. 14, 51: Amicus certus in re incertā cernitur, Enn. ap. Cic. ib. 17, 64:

    boni improbis, improbi bonis amici esse non possunt,

    Cic. ib. 20, 74:

    ex omnibus saeculis vix tria aut quattuor nominantur paria amicorum,

    id. ib. 4, 15:

    tu ex amicis certis mi es certissimus,

    Plaut. Trin. 1, 2, 54 and 57:

    vetus verbum hoc est, Communia esse amicorum inter se omnia,

    Ter. Ad. 5, 4, 18:

    Respicis antiquum lassis in rebus amicum,

    Ov. P. 2, 3, 93:

    Alba tuus antiquissimus non solum amicus, verum etiam amator,

    Cic. Verr. 2, 3, 63 fin.:

    hospitis et amici mei M. Pacuvii fabula,

    id. Am. 7, 24:

    suis incommodis graviter angi non amicum sed se ipsum amantis est,

    of one loving not his friend, but himself, id. ib. 3, 10:

    ab amicis honesta petere, amicorum causā honesta facere,

    id. ib. 13, 44:

    paternus amicus ac pernecessarius,

    id. Fl. 6, 14:

    amicus novus,

    id. Am. 19, 67:

    vetus,

    id. ib.; Verg. A. 3, 82; Hor. S. 2, 6, 81; Ov. P. 1, 6, 53:

    amici ac familiares veteres,

    Suet. Tib. 55:

    aequaevus,

    Verg. A. 5, 452:

    ardens,

    id. ib. 9, 198:

    dulcis,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 69; Ov. P. 1, 8, 31:

    carus,

    Hor. C. 4, 9, 51; Ov. Tr. 3, 6, 7:

    jucundus,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 93:

    amici jucundissimi et omnium horarum,

    Suet. Tib. 42:

    amicus propior,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 9, 5:

    fidelis,

    id. ib. 2, 2, 1; Vulg. Eccli. 6, 14:

    fidus,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 5, 24:

    verus,

    Cic. Am. 21, 82; Vulg. Eccli. 25, 12:

    mendax,

    Hor. A. P. 425:

    secernere blandum amicum a vero,

    Cic. Am. 25, 95:

    memor,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 9, 33:

    summus,

    Ter. Phorm. 1, 1, 1:

    primus,

    Vulg. 1 Macc. 10, 65:

    amici tristes,

    Hor. C. 1, 7, 24:

    maesti,

    Ov. Tr. 1, 9, 5:

    dives,

    Hor. Ep. 1, 8, 24:

    inops,

    id. S. 1, 2, 5:

    inferioris ordinis amici,

    Cic. Am. 19, 69:

    communes amici,

    Cic. Fam. 5, 2:

    amice, salve!

    Ter. Eun. 3, 5, 12; so Cat. 55, 7; Verg. A. 6, 507; Hor. C. 2, 14, 6; and Vulg. Matt. 20, 13:

    magnanimi veritatis amici,

    Cic. Off. 1, 19:

    amicos parare,

    Ter. And. 1, 1, 39:

    amicos parare optimam vitae, ut ita dicam, supellectilem,

    Cic. Am. 15, 55:

    minus amicorum habens,

    Ter. Eun. 4, 6, 22:

    me unum atque unicum amicum habuit,

    Cat. 73, 6;

    amicos habere,

    Cic. Am. 11, 36; so Vulg. Prov. 22, 11:

    nos sibi amicos junget,

    Ter. Hec. 5, 2, 32; Hor. S. 1, 3, 54:

    amicum servare,

    id. ib.:

    amicum servare per durum tempus,

    Ov. P. 2, 6, 29:

    aliquo uti amico,

    to have one as a friend, Cic. de Or. 1, 14, 62; Hor. S. 1, 4, 96:

    sibi amicum facere,

    Vulg. Luc. 16, 9:

    amicum diligere,

    Verg. A. 9, 430; Vulg. Deut. 13, 6:

    amico inservire,

    Ter. Heaut. 3, 1, 8:

    amico parcere,

    Hor. S. 1, 4, 35:

    et monendi amici saepe sunt et objurgandi,

    Cic. Am. 24, 88:

    amico ignoscere,

    Hor. Ep. 2, 2, 110:

    angorem pro amico capere,

    Cic. Am. 13, 48:

    amici jacentem animum excitare,

    id. ib. 16, 59:

    amicum consolari,

    Ov. Tr. 5, 4, 41:

    amico orbatus,

    Cic. Am. 3, 10:

    amicum offendere,

    Hor. S. 1, 3, 73:

    non paucis munitus amicis,

    Ov. P. 2, 3, 25.—Also for patronus, patron, protector; so Horace of Mæcenas, Epod. 1, 2:

    amicus potens,

    powerful friend, id. C. 2, 18, 12; so,

    magnus,

    Juv. 3, 57; 6, 313: Suet. Aug. 56:

    valentissimi,

    id. ib. 35.—And for socius, companion:

    trepido fugam exprobravit amico,

    Ov. M. 13, 69.—
    B.
    In polit. relations, a friend of the State (who was not always socius, an ally, but the socius was always amicus; cf.

    amicitia): Deiotarus ex animo amicus, unus fidelis populo Romano,

    Cic. Phil. 11, 13:

    socio atque amico regi,

    Liv. 37, 54; 7, 30 et saep.; Suet. Caes. 11.—
    C.
    In and after the Aug. per., a counsellor, courtier, minister of a prince, Nep. Milt. 3, 2 Dähn.:

    fuerunt multi reges ex amicis Alexandri Magni,

    id. Reg. 3, 1; so Suet. Caes. 70, 72; 70, 79; id. Aug. 16; 17; 35; 56; 66; id. Calig. 19; id. Ner. 5; id. Galb. 7 al.; cf. Ernest. ad Suet. Excurs. XV.—Hence, ămī-ca, ae, f.
    A.
    In bon. part., a female friend (very rare; cf. hetaira in Hom., Aristoph., Plato):

    amicae, cognatae,

    Ter. Hec. 4, 2, 16:

    at haec amicae erunt, ubi, etc.,

    id. ib. 5, 2, 24:

    Me (laedit) soror et cum quae dormit amica simul,

    Prop. 2, 6, 12:

    ibit ad adfectam, quae non languebit, amicam Visere,

    Ov. Am. 2, 2, 21; cf. Juv. 3, 12; 6, 353; 6, 455; 6, 481; so Inscr. Grut. 865, 17; 891, 4. —
    B.
    In mal. part., = meretrix, a concubine, mistress, courtesan (esp. freq. in the comic poets; so in Gr. hetaira com. in Att. usage): eum suus pater ab amicā abduxit, Naev. ap. Gell. 6, 8:

    mulierem pejorem quam haec amica est Phaedromi non vidi,

    Plaut. Curc. 5, 1, 3; so id. Trin. 3, 2, 25; 3, 4, 22; id. Cist. 2, 3, 28; id. Ep. 5, 2, 36; 5, 2, 39 al.:

    sive ista uxor sive amica est,

    Ter. And. 1, 3, 11; id. Heaut. 1, 1, 52; 1, 2, 15; 3, 3, 6; 4, 6, 15 et saep.; Cic. Att. 10, 10; Dig. 50, 16, 144.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > amicus

  • 15 Andromacha

    Andrŏmăchē, ēs, and -a, ae (Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 82 Müll., or Trag. v. 100 Vahl.), f., = Andromachê, a daughter of king Eëtion, and wife of Hector. After the destruction of Troy, she was carried by Pyrrhus to Greece, and was subsequently married to Helenus, son of Priam, Verg. A. 3, 319; 3, 487.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Andromacha

  • 16 Andromache

    Andrŏmăchē, ēs, and -a, ae (Enn. ap. Varr. L. L. 7, § 82 Müll., or Trag. v. 100 Vahl.), f., = Andromachê, a daughter of king Eëtion, and wife of Hector. After the destruction of Troy, she was carried by Pyrrhus to Greece, and was subsequently married to Helenus, son of Priam, Verg. A. 3, 319; 3, 487.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Andromache

  • 17 B

    B, b, indecl. n., designates, in the Latin alphabet, the soft, labial sound as in English, unlike the Gr. beta (B, b), which approached the Engl. v in sound; v. Corss. Ausspr. I. p. 124 sqq. At the beginning of words it represents an original dv or gv, and elsewhere an original gv, p, v, or bh ( v); v. Corss. Ausspr. I. pp. 134, 161. It corresponds regularly with Gr. b, but freq. also with p, and, in the middle of words, with ph; cf. brevis, brachus; ab, apo; carbasus, karpasos; ambo, amphi, amphô; nubes, nephos, etc.; v. Roby, Gram. I. p. 26; Kühner, Gram. § 34, 6. In Latin, as in all kindred languages, it was used in forming words to express the cry of different animals, as balare, barrire, baubari, blacterare, boare, bombitare, bubere, bubulare; children beginning to talk called their drink bua; so, balbus denoted the stammering sound, bambalio the stuttering, blatire and blaterare the babbling, blaesus the lisping, blandus the caressing. At the beginning of words b is found with no consonants except l and r (for bdellium, instead of which Marc. Emp. also wrote bdella, is a foreign word); but in the middle of words it is connected with other liquid and feeble consonants. Before hard consonants b is found only in compounds with ob and sub, the only prepositions, besides ab, which end in a labial sound; and these freq. rejected the labial, even when they are separated by the insertion of s, as abspello and absporto pass into aspello and asporto; or the place of the labial is supplied by u, as in aufero and aufugio (cf. ab init. and au); before f and p it is assimilated, as suffero, suppono; before m assimilated or not, as summergo or submergo; before c sometimes assimilated, as succedo, succingo, sometimes taking the form sus (as if from subs; cf. abs), as suscenseo; and sometimes su before s followed by a consonant, as suspicor. When b belonged to the root of a word it seems to have been retained, as plebs from plebis, urbs from urbis, etc.; so in Arabs, chalybs ( = Araps, chalups), the Gr. ps was represented by bs; as also in absis, absinthi-um, etc. But in scripsi from scribo, nupsi from nubo, etc., b was changed to p, though some grammarians still wrote bs in these words; cf. Prisc. pp. 556, 557 P.; Vel. Long. pp. 2224, 2261 ib. Of the liquids, l and r stand either before or after b, but m only before it, with the exception of abmatertera, parallel with the equally anomalous abpatruus (cf. ab init. and fin.), and n only after it; hence con and in before b always become com and im; as inversely b before n is sometimes changed to m, as Samnium for Sabinium and scamnum for scabnum, whence the dim. scabellum. B is so readily joined with u that not only acubus, arcubus, etc., were written for acibus, arcibus, etc., but also contubernium was formed from taberna, and bubile was used for bovile, as also in dubius ( = doios, duo) a b was inserted. B could be doubled, as appears not only from the foreign words abbas and sabbatum, but also from obba and gibba, and the compounds with ob and sub. B is reduplicated in bibo (cf the Gr. piô), as the shortness of the first syllable in the preterit bĭbi, compared with dēdi and stĕti or sti/ti, shows; although later bibo was treated as a primitive, and the supine bibitum formed from it. Sometimes before b an m was inserted, e. g. in cumbo for cubo kuptô, lambo for laptô, nimbus for nephos; inversely, also, it was rejected in sabucus for sambucus and labdacismus for lambdacismus. As in the middle, so at the beginning of words, b might take the place of another labial, e. g. buxis for pyxis, balaena for phalaina, carbatina for carpatina, publicus from poplicus, ambo for amphô; as even Enn. wrote Burrus and Bruges for Pyrrhus and Phryges; Naev., Balantium for Palatium (v. the latter words, and cf. Fest. p. 26).—In a later age, but not often before A.D. 300, intercourse with the Greeks caused the pronunciation of the b and v to be so similar that Adamantius Martyrius in Cassiod. pp. 2295-2310 P., drew up a separate catalogue of words which might be written with either b or v. So, Petronius has berbex for verbex, and in inscrr., but not often before A. D. 300, such errors as bixit for vixit, abe for ave, ababus for abavus, etc. (as inversely vene, devitum, acervus, vasis instead of bene, debitum, acerbus, basis), are found; Flabio, Jubentius, for Flavio, Juventius, are rare cases from the second century after Christ.—The interchange between labials, palatals, and linguals (as glans for balanos, bilis for fel or cholê) is rare at the beginning of words, but more freq. in the middle; cf. tabeo, têkô, and Sanscr. tak, terebra and teretron, uber and outhar; besides which the change of tribus Sucusana into Suburana (Varr. L. L. 5, § 48 Müll.; Quint. 1, 7, 29) deserves consideration. This interchange is most freq. in terminations used in forming words, as ber, cer, ter; brum or bulum, crum or culum, trum, bundus and cundus; bilis and tilis, etc.—Finally, the interchange of b with du at the beginning of words deserves special mention, as duonus for bonus, Bellona for Duellona, bellum for duellum, bellicus for duellicus, etc., and bis from duis.—As an abbreviation, B usually designates bonus or bene. Thus, B. D. = Bona Dea, Inscr. Orell. 1524; 2427; 2822:

    B. M. = bene merenti,

    ib. 99; 114; 506:

    B. M. P. = bene merenti posuit,

    ib. 255:

    B. D. S. M. = bene de se meritae,

    ib. 2437:

    B. V. V. = bene vale valeque,

    ib. 4816:

    B. M. = bonae memoriae,

    ib. 1136; 3385:

    B. M. = bonā mente,

    ib. 5033;

    sometimes it stands for beneficiarius, and BB. beneficiarii,

    ib. 3489; 3868; 3486 al.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > B

  • 18 Bastarnae

    Bastarnae (also Basternae), ārum, m., = Bastarnai, a German tribe which became known to the Romans very early ( in the war with Pyrrhus), whose abode extended from the sources of the Vistula to the Carpates, and from the Lower Danube to its mouth ( Podolia, Galicia, Ukraine), Liv. 40, 5, 10; 40, 57, 2 sq.; 40, 58, 1 sq.; 41, 19, 4 sq.; 41, 23, 12; Plin. 4, 12, 25, § 81; Tac. A. 2, 65; id. G. 46.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Bastarnae

  • 19 Basternae

    Bastarnae (also Basternae), ārum, m., = Bastarnai, a German tribe which became known to the Romans very early ( in the war with Pyrrhus), whose abode extended from the sources of the Vistula to the Carpates, and from the Lower Danube to its mouth ( Podolia, Galicia, Ukraine), Liv. 40, 5, 10; 40, 57, 2 sq.; 40, 58, 1 sq.; 41, 19, 4 sq.; 41, 23, 12; Plin. 4, 12, 25, § 81; Tac. A. 2, 65; id. G. 46.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Basternae

  • 20 Burrus

    1.
    burrus, a, um [purros], an old word, = rufus, rubens, red, Paul. ex Fest. p. 31 Müll.; cf. id. p. 36.—Collat. form byrrus, a, um, Prob. ad Juv. 3, 283.
    2.
    Burrus, an old form for Pyrrhus, Cic. Or. 48, 160; Quint. 1, 4, 15.

    Lewis & Short latin dictionary > Burrus

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