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  • AYYUBIDS — AYYUBIDS, dynasty of sultans in Egypt and Syria (1171–1250). The founder of the Kurdish family of Ayyūb was one of the commanders of Zangī, a freed Turkish slave and one of the greatest emirs in the court of Malik Shāh the Seljuk (1072–92). His… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ayyubids —    The Ayyubids were a famous Islamic dynasty established by the illustrious Saladin (Salah al Din) in Egypt in 1171, and at their brief height they also held sway in greater Syria, Iraq, and Yemen. The Ayyubids replaced the Fatimids and were in… …   Historical Dictionary of the Kurds

  • Ayyubids —    The Muslim dynasty founded in 1171 by Saladin (q.v.), son of Ayub, when he ended Fatamid rule in Egypt (qq.v.). Saladin s kingdom, which also included Syria and Palestine (qq.v.) became a base of operations from which he attacked the Crusaders …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Ayyubid dynasty — The Ayyubid or Ayyoubid Dynasty was a Muslim dynasty of Kurdish [ [ Saladin. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition] ] origins which ruled Egypt, Syria, Yemen (except for the Northern Mountains), Diyar… …   Wikipedia

  • Shajar al-Durr — (Arabic: شجر الدر, Strings of Pearls ) [ Shajar al Durr s name also spelled and pronounced as Shajarat al Durr . Her coins carried the name Shajarat al Durr. See under Coins of Shajar al Durr. ] [ As the letter G ج is pronounced as J in Arabic… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Palestine — See also: Time periods in the region of Palestine and Timeline of the name Palestine The history of Palestine is the study of the past in the region of Palestine, the region between the southern Mediterranean coastal plains and the Syrian… …   Wikipedia

  • Kingdom of Jerusalem — Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem Regnum Hierosolimitanum Roiaume de Jherusalem Regno di Gerusalemme Βασίλειον τῶν Ἱεροσολύμων مملكة بيت المقدس ממלכת ירושלים ← …   Wikipedia

  • Fifth Crusade — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Fifth Crusade partof=the Crusades caption=Frisian crusaders confront the Tower of Damietta, Egypt. date=1217 1221 place=Egypt territory= Damietta relinquished to Crusaders result= Eight year peace deal between… …   Wikipedia

  • Makuria — Infobox Former Country native name = مقرة conventional long name = Makuria common name = Makuria continent = Africa region = country = Egypt era = Middle Ages status = status text = empire = government type = Monarchy year start = 5th Century… …   Wikipedia

  • Hasankeyf — Hasankeyf …   Wikipedia

  • Syria — /sear ee euh/, n. 1. Official name, Syrian Arab Republic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 16,137,899; 71,227 sq. mi. (184,478 sq. km). Cap.: Damascus. 2. a territory mandated to France in 1922, including the present… …   Universalium

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