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local-density approximation

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  • Local-density approximation — The local density approximation (LDA) is an approximation of the exchange correlation (XC) energy functional in density functional theory (DFT) by taking the XC energy of an electron in a homogeneous electron gas of a density equal to the density …   Wikipedia

  • Density functional theory — Electronic structure methods Tight binding Nearly free electron model Hartree–Fock method Modern valence bond Generalized valence bond Møller–Plesset perturbation theory …   Wikipedia

  • Density of states — Condensed matter physics Phases · Phase tr …   Wikipedia

  • Time-dependent density functional theory — (TDDFT) is a quantum mechanical method used inphysics and chemistry to investigate the proprieties of many body systems beyond the ground statestructure. It s an extension of density functional theory (DFT) to the time dependent domain asa method …   Wikipedia

  • Muffin-tin approximation — Electronic structure methods Tight binding Nearly free electron model Hartree–Fock method Modern valence bond Generalized valence bond Møller–Plesset perturbation theory …   Wikipedia

  • Distortion free energy density — The Distortion free energy density is a quantity that describes the distortion of a liquid crystal from its preferred state in which all of the liquid crystal molecules are aligned parallel to one common axis. It also commonly goes by the name… …   Wikipedia

  • Relative density — Relative density, sometimes called specific density, is the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a given reference material. If a substance s relative density is less than one then it is less dense than the reference; if greater… …   Wikipedia

  • Current density — This page is about the electric current density in electromagnetism. For the probability current density in quantum mechanics, see Probability current. Current density is a measure of the density of flow of a conserved charge. Usually the charge… …   Wikipedia

  • LDA — Local Density Approximation (Academic & Science » Electronics) ** Laser Doppler Anemometry (Academic & Science » Physics) * Local Delivery Agent (Computing » Networking) * Light Double Action (Community » Law) * Landing Distance Available… …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Dynamical mean field theory — (DMFT) is a method to determine the electronic structure of strongly correlated materials. In such materials, the approximation of independent electrons, which is used in Density Functional Theory and usual band structure calculations, breaks… …   Wikipedia

  • John Negele — John William Negele (* 18. April 1944 in Cleveland, Ohio) ist ein amerikanischer theoretischer Kernphysiker. Negele promovierte 1969 bei Hans Bethe an der Cornell University (The Structure of Finite Nuclei in the Local Density Approximation). Ab… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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