Traducción: de espanol

over the course of the centuries

  • 1 a

    prep.
    1 to.
    voy a Madrid I'm going to Madrid
    me voy al extranjero I'm going abroad
    llegó a Buenos Aires/a la fiesta he arrived in Buenos Aires/at the party
    2 at (moment).
    a las siete at seven o'clock
    a los once años at the age of eleven
    al caer la noche at nightfall
    al oír la noticia se desmayó on hearing the news, she fainted
    Llegué al amanecer I arrived at dawn.
    3 per, every (frecuency).
    40 horas a la semana 40 hours per o a week
    tres veces al día three times a day
    4 to.
    dáselo a Ricardo give it to Ricardo
    dile a Ricardo que venga tell Ricardo to come
    5 to.
    entró a pagar he came in to pay
    aprender a nadar to learn to swim
    6 by, about to, for.
    * * *
    A, a
    ► nombre femenino (pl as o aes)
    1 (la letra) A, a
    ————————
    A
    1 ( Alteza) Highness; (abreviatura) H
    ————————
    A
    1 ( autopista) motorway; (abreviatura) M
    ————————
    A
    ► símbolo
    1 ( amperio) ampere, amp; (símbolo) A
    * * *
    prep.
    1) to
    2) into
    3) in
    4) at
    5) on
    6) with
    * * *
    SF = a (=letra) A, a
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.
    Ex. The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.
    Ex. Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex. Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    ----
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    [b]* a últ
    * * *
    a femenino (pl aes) ( read as [a]) the letter A, a
    * * *
    = for, per, to.

    Ex: The fine policy matrix corresponds to the loan policy matrix, cell for cell.

    Ex: Indexing can thus be achieved at a detailed level, with often many terms per document, with almost no indexing effort.
    Ex: Accessibility to the documents stored in files is an important factor, so the physical storage is important.
    * a + Adjetivo + escala = on a + Adjetivo + scale.
    * a alguna parte = someplace.
    * a alta presión = high-pressured, high-pressure.
    * a altas horas de la noche = late at night.
    * a ambas orillas del Atlántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de = on either side of.
    * a ambos lados del Altántico = on both sides of the ocean, on both sides of the Atlantic.
    * a ambos lados de + Lugar = on both sides of + Lugar.
    * a años luz de = light years away from.
    * a bajas temperaturas = at low temperature.
    * a bajo coste = low-cost.
    * a bajo costo = low-cost.
    * a bajo nivel = low-level.
    * a bajo precio = lower-cost, at a low price, on the cheap.
    * a base de = in the form of, on a diet of.
    * a base de carne = meaty [meatier -comp., meatiest -sup.].
    * a base de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a base de errores = the hard way.
    * a boca de jarro = at close range.
    * a bocajarro = point blank.
    * a bombo y platillo = fanfare, with a bang.
    * a bordo = aboard, on board ship.
    * a bordo de = aboard, onboard.
    * a bordo de un barco = shipboard, on board ship.
    * a buen recaudo = in a safe place, in safekeeping.
    * a caballo = on horseback, astride.
    * a caballo entre = astride... and..., midway between.
    * a caballo entre... y... = half way between... and....
    * a caballo regalado no se le mira el diente = never look a gift horse in the mouth.
    * a cada rato = every so often, every now and then, every now and again, every once in a while.
    * a cambio = in return.
    * a cambio de = in exchange for, in return for.
    * a cambio de nada = for nothing.
    * a cántaros = cats and dogs.
    * a cargo = in the saddle.
    * a cargo (de) = charged with, in charge (of), at the helm (of).
    * a cargo de Alguien = under supervision.
    * a cargo de las riendas = in the saddle.
    * a cargo del ayuntamiento = local authority-run.
    * a cargo del gobierno = government-operated, government-run.
    * a cargo de una sola persona = one-man band.
    * a cargo de voluntarios = volunteer-run.
    * a chorros = profusely.
    * a ciegas = blindfold, blindly, blindfolded, in the dark.
    * a ciencia cierta = for sure, for certain.
    * a cierta distancia = some distance away.
    * a cierta distancia de = off.
    * a cierta distancia de la costa = offshore.
    * a cierta distancia del litoral = offshore.
    * a cobro revertido = reverse charges.
    * a color = multi-colour [multi-color -USA].
    * a comienzos de + Expresión Temporal = early + Expresión Temporal, the.
    * a comienzos de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha, in the early part of + Fecha.
    * a comienzos de + Período de Tiempo = by the turn of + Período de Tiempo, at the turn of + Período de Tiempo.
    * a conciencia = deliberately, wilfully [willfully, -USA], by design, on purpose.
    * a condición de que + Subjuntivo = provided (that), providing (that), as long as.
    * a contenido enriquecido = content-enriched.
    * a continuación = next, then, in the following, herewith.
    * a continuación se enumeran = given below.
    * a contracorriente = against the grain.
    * a contraluz = against the light.
    * a contrapelo = against the grain, against the nap.
    * a coro = with one voice, in unison.
    * a corto plazo = before very long, short term [short-term], in the short run, short-range, at short notice, in the short term, short-run.
    * a costa de = at the cost of, at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense, at cost of.
    * a costa de mucho = at (a) great expense.
    * a costa de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a costa de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a criterio de = at the discretion of.
    * a cualquier hora = anytime, around the clock.
    * a cualquier hora del día o de la noche = at any hour of the day or night, at any time of the day or night.
    * a cualquier precio = at any cost, at all costs, at any price.
    * a cuatro aguas = hipped.
    * a cuatro patas = on all fours, on four legs.
    * a cuenta de = at the expense of.
    * a cuenta de la empresa = at company expense.
    * a cuenta de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a cuenta de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a cuenta propia = at + Posesivo + expense, at + Posesivo + own expense.
    * a cuerpo de rey = the lap of luxury.
    * a cuestas = in tow.
    * a decir de todos = by all accounts.
    * a decir verdad = to tell the truth, if the truth be known, if the truth be told, in all truth, in truth, fact is, the fact is (that), to be fair.
    * a decir verdad... = the fact of the matter is that....
    * a demanda = pro re nata.
    * a deshora(s) = at odd times, out of hours.
    * a día de hoy = as of today.
    * a diario = every day.
    * a diestro y siniestro = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a dieta = on a diet.
    * a diferencia de = apart from, as opposed to, in contradistinction to, as contrasted with, in contrast (to/with), quite apart from, in sharp contrast (with).
    * a diferencia de + Nombre = unlike + Nombre.
    * a diferentes niveles = multi-tiered [multitiered], multi-tier [multitier].
    * a discreción = at will, no holds barred.
    * a disgusto = unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a disposición de = at the disposal of.
    * a distancia = remote, remotely, distantly.
    * a doble espacio = double-spaced.
    * a domicilio = domiciliary.
    * ¿a dónde se dirige(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde va(n)...? = whither?.
    * ¿a dónde vas? = quo vadis, whither thou goest.
    * a dos niveles = two-tier.
    * a dos velas = skint, penniless, broke.
    * a duras penas = with great difficulty.
    * a efectos de = in terms of, for the purpose of + Nombre.
    * a efectos prácticos = to all intents and purposes, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes, to all intents.
    * a él = him.
    * a ellos = them.
    * a escala = drawn-to-scale.
    * a escala industrial = on an industrial scale, industrial-scale.
    * a escala mundial = globally, on a global scale.
    * a escala natural = full-scale.
    * a escondidas = by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the quiet, on the sly.
    * a eso = thereto.
    * a espaldas de = out of sight of.
    * a estas alturas = by now.
    * a este fin = to this end.
    * a este paso = at this rate.
    * a este respecto = in this respect.
    * a este ritmo = at this rate.
    * a estrenar = brand new.
    * a examen = under the microscope.
    * a excepción de = barring, except for, excepting, other than, with the exception of, short of.
    * a excepción de que = except that.
    * a excepción de uno = with one exception.
    * a expensas de = at the expense of, at + Nombre's + expense.
    * a expensas de otro = at someone else's expense.
    * a expensas de otros = at other people's expense.
    * a + Expresión Temporal = as of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a falta de = for want of, in the absence of, in default of, for lack of, short of.
    * a favor = in favour.
    * a favor de = in favour of.
    * a favor de la decisión personal sobre el aborto = pro-choice.
    * a favor de la esclavitud = pro-slavery.
    * a favor de la raza negra = pro-black [problack].
    * a favor de la vida humana = pro-life.
    * a favor y en contra = pro and con.
    * a + Fecha = as per + Fecha.
    * a finales de = by the end of, at the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Expresión Temporal = as of late + Expresión Temporal, at the end of + Expresión Temporal, by the close of + Expresión Temporal.
    * a finales de + Fecha = in the late + Fecha, in late + Fecha.
    * a finales de los + Década = late + Década, the.
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo, late period of + Siglo.
    * a fin de cuentas = at the end of the day, in the end, in the final count, in the grand scheme of things, when all is said and done, after all is said and done.
    * a fondo = fully, thoroughly, full-scale.
    * a fondo perdido = non-refundable.
    * ¡a freír espárragos! = on your bike!.
    * a fuerza de = by dint of.
    * a fuerza de cometer errores = the hard way.
    * a fuerza de errores = the hard way.
    * a gas = gas-powered.
    * a gatas = on all fours.
    * a grandes rasgos = broadly, rough draft.
    * a granel = in bulk.
    * a gran escala = large scale [large-scale], massive, on a wide scale, high-volume, wide-scale, on a broad scale, in a big way, on a grand scale.
    * a gran velocidad = at great speed.
    * a grito limpio = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a grito pelado = at the top of + Posesivo + voice.
    * a gritos = vociferously.
    * a groso modo = crudely.
    * a grosso modo = roughly, rough draft.
    * a gusto = at ease, at leisure.
    * a gusto de = to the liking of, at the pleasure of.
    * a horcajadas = astride.
    * a hurtadillas = surreptitiously, by stealth, stealthily, furtively, on the sly.
    * a imitación de lo clásico = classicising [classicizing, -USA], classicised [classicized, -USA].
    * a iniciativa de = at the initiative of.
    * a iniciativas del gobierno = government-led.
    * a instancia de = at the urging of.
    * a instancias de = at the instigation of, at the behest of, under the auspices of.
    * a intervalos = at intervals.
    * a intervalos + Adjetivo = at + Adjetivo + intervals.
    * a intervalos semanales = at weekly intervals.
    * a invitación de = at the invitation of.
    * a jabón = soapy [soapier -comp., soapiest -sup.].
    * a juicio = on trial.
    * a juicio público = in the public eye.
    * a juzgar por = to judge by, judging by, judging from.
    * a la acuarela = water-coloured [water-colored, -USA].
    * a la alcaldía = mayoral.
    * a la altura de = of the stature of, equal to.
    * a la altura de la cintura = waist high, waist deep.
    * a la altura de la rodilla = knee-high.
    * a la altura de los hombros = shoulder-high.
    * a la anchura de los hombros = shoulder-width.
    * a la anochecida = at nightfall.
    * a la antigua = old-style.
    * a la antigua usanza = old-style.
    * a la atención de = c/o (care of).
    * a la baja = on the wane.
    * a la brasa = grilled.
    * a la buena de Dios = out in the cold.
    * a la cabeza de = in the forefront of/in.
    * a la caída de la noche = at nightfall, at twilight.
    * a la caída de la tarde = at twilight.
    * a la carta = a la carte.
    * a la defensiva = on the defensive.
    * a la derecha = at the right.
    * a la derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a la deriva = rudderless.
    * a la discreción de = at the discretion of.
    * a la disposición de Alguien = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a la expectativa de = on the lookout for, on the alert for.
    * a la + Expresión Temporal = a + Expresión Temporal.
    * a la fuerza = forcefully, of necessity, forcibly, compulsorily.
    * a la fuga = on the run, on the lam.
    * a la hora de + Infinitivo = when it came to + Gerundio, when it comes to + Gerundio.
    * a la hora de la verdad = when push comes to shove, if it comes to the crunch, when it comes to the crunch, when the worst comes to the worst, if the worst comes to the worst, when the crunch comes to the crunch, if the crunch comes to the crunch.
    * a la hora del café = at coffee.
    * a la intemperie = in the open, exposed.
    * a la inversa = mirror-fashion, mirror image, in reverse.
    * a la izquierda = at the left.
    * a la larga = in the long term, over the long term, in the end, eventually, for the long pull, over a period of time, over the long haul, in the far term, ultimately, by and by.
    * a la ligera = lightly.
    * a la luz de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la luz de la luna = by moonlight, in the moonlight, moonlit.
    * a la luz de las estrellas = by starlight.
    * a la luz de las velas = by candlelight, candlelight, candlelit.
    * a la luz del día = in the light of day.
    * a la luz de una lámpara de gas = by gaslight.
    * a la mano de = available at the fingertips of.
    * a la misma altura que = in the same league as.
    * a la moda = trendy [trendier -comp., trendiest -sup.].
    * a la onda = in the know.
    * a la opinión pública = in the public eye.
    * a la par = in concert, in tandem, neck and neck, in a tandem fashion, in parallel.
    * a la par que = in tandem with, hand in hand (with), as the same time as.
    * a la parrilla = grilled, on the grill.
    * a la perfección = superbly.
    * a la plancha = griddled, on the griddle, on the hotplate.
    * a largo plazo = in the long term, over the long term, long-range, in the long run, long-term, over the long run, over the long haul, long-run, in the far term, far-term.
    * a la salida = on the way out.
    * a la sazón = at that time.
    * a las doce del mediodía = at high noon.
    * a la semana = a week, per week.
    * a las mil maravillas = marvellously [marvelously, -USA], famously, like a house on fire.
    * a la sombra de = in the shadow of.
    * a las puertas de = on the threshold of.
    * a la última = hip [hipper -comp., hippest -sup.], on the fast track, hipped.
    * a la vanguardia = on the cutting edge, on the leading edge, in the fast lane, on the fast track, at the leading edge, on the bleeding edge.
    * a la vanguardia de = in the vanguard of, at the forefront of, in the forefront of/in, at the vanguard of.
    * a la velocidad de la luz = at the speed of light.
    * a la velocidad del rayo = at the speed of lightning.
    * a la velocidad del sonido = at the speed of sound.
    * a la venta = on release.
    * a la vez = at once, at one time, at similar times, at the same time, concurrently, side-by-side, simultaneously, at the same instant, in parallel, in tandem, at the one time, in a tandem fashion, at a time, in unison.
    * a la vez que = hand in hand (with), cum, in conjunction with, in unison with.
    * a la vista = in sight, within sight.
    * a la vista de = in light of, in the light of.
    * a la vuelta de = on the return leg of.
    * a la zaga = not far behind, in tow.
    * al azar = lucky draw, lucky dip.
    * al extremo norte = northernmost.
    * al extremo oeste = westernmost.
    * al hacer esto = in doing so.
    * al norte del estado = upstate.
    * a lo extremo = to the extreme.
    * a lo grande = in a big way, big time, grandly, on a grand scale.
    * a lo hecho, pecho = no use crying over spilt/spilled milk, you've made your bed, now you must lie in it!.
    * a lo largo de = along, down, throughout.
    * a lo largo de + Expresión Temporal = sometime + Expresión Temporal.
    * a lo largo de la historia = over time.
    * a lo largo de la ruta = along the way.
    * a lo largo del tiempo = longitudinal, longitudinally.
    * a lo largo de todo = the entire length of.
    * a lo largo y ancho del país = countrywide [country-wide].
    * a lo largo y ancho de + Lugar = up and down + Lugar.
    * a lo lejos = in the distance.
    * a lo loco = helter-skelter, like there's no tomorrow.
    * a lo máximo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * a lo mejor = perhaps.
    * a lo que salga = come what may.
    * a los ojos de = in the eyes of.
    * a lo sumo = at best, at most, at the most.
    * al otro lado del atlántico = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del charco = across the pond.
    * al otro lado del océano = across the pond.
    * a lo zombi = zombielike.
    * a mano = by hand, manually, nearby [near-by], handy, within reach, within easy reach.
    * a mano alzada = by a show of hands.
    * a mano derecha de = on the right side of, on the right-hand side of.
    * a manojos = by the handful.
    * a manos de = at the hands of.
    * a marchas forzadas = in a rush, against the clock.
    * a mares = cats and dogs.
    * a más largo plazo = longer-term.
    * a más..., más... = the + Comparativo..., the + Comparativo....
    * a más tardar = at the latest.
    * a mata caballo = in a hurry, hurried, hurriedly, helter-skelter.
    * a media asta = at half-mast, at half staff.
    * a mediados de = in the middle decades of.
    * a mediados de + Fecha = in the mid + Fecha.
    * a mediados de semana = midweek.
    * a media jornada = half-time [half time].
    * a media mañana = mid-morning.
    * a medianoche = at midnight.
    * a medias = half-hearted [halfhearted], qualified.
    * a medias entre... y... = betwixt and between.
    * a medida = custom, bespoke.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + avanzar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que pasaba el tiempo = as time passed (by), as time went by.
    * a medida que pasa el tiempo = as time passes (by).
    * a medida que pasa + Expresión Temporal = as + Expresión Temporal + go by.
    * a medida que + pasar + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + pasar + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medida que se necesite = on demand, on request, as required.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el año = as the year + wear on.
    * a medida que + transcurrir + el día = as the day + wear on.
    * a medio abrir = half-opened.
    * a medio camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a medio comprender = half-understood.
    * a medio formar = half-formed.
    * a medio fuego = medium heat.
    * a medio hacer = halfway done, half done.
    * a medio plazo = medium-term, near-term, in the medium term, in the mid-term, mid-term [midterm].
    * a medio rimar = half-rhymed.
    * a medio vestir = half dressed.
    * a menor escala = at a reduced rate.
    * a menos que = unless, short of.
    * a menudo = oftentimes [often times], ofttimes [oft-times].
    * a merced de = at the mercy of.
    * a mí = me.
    * a mi entender = to my mind.
    * a mi modo de ver = in my books.
    * a mi parecer = to my mind, methinks, in my books.
    * a mitad de = half way through, halfway through.
    * a mitad de camino = halfway [half-way/half way].
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = midway between, half way between... and....
    * a mitad de camino entre... y... = astride... and....
    * a mitad de precio = at half price.
    * a mí también me gustaría tener la misma oportunidad = turnabout is fair play.
    * a modo de = by way of, in the vein of, as a kind of.
    * a modo de aclaración = in parenthesis, on a sidenote.
    * a modo de advertencia = cautionary.
    * a modo de ejemplo = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de explicación = parenthetically.
    * a modo de ilustración = by way of illustration.
    * a modo de inciso = in passing, by the way of (a) digression.
    * a modo de paréntesis = parenthetical.
    * a modo de prólogo = prefatory.
    * a modo de resumen = wrap-up.
    * a mogollón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montón = aplenty [a-plenty].
    * a montones = in droves, by the sackful.
    * a muchos niveles = many-levelled [many-leveled, -USA].
    * a muerte = bitter, bitterly.
    * a nadie le importa nada = nobody + gives a damn.
    * a nivel de barrio = neighbourhood-based.
    * a nivel de calle = on the ground level.
    * a nivel de la calle = at ground level.
    * a nivel del suelo = at ground level.
    * a nivel estatal = statewide [state-wide].
    * a nivel federal = federally, federally.
    * a nivel individual = privately.
    * a nivel local = locally, domestically.
    * a nivel multicultural = multi-culturally [multiculturally].
    * a nivel mundial = worldwide [world-wide], globally.
    * a nivel nacional = nationally, domestically, countrywide [country-wide].
    * a nivel privado = privately.
    * a nivel regional = regionally.
    * a nombre de = payable to.
    * a no ser que = unless.
    * a nosotros = us.
    * a ojo = ocular.
    * a ojos vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a orillas del océano = oceanfront.
    * a orillas del río = riverfront.
    * a orillas de un lago = lakeside, lakefront, by the lakeside.
    * a otro sitio = somewhere else.
    * a pares = in pairs.
    * a partes iguales = share and share alike, in equal measure(s).
    * a partir de = on the basis of, based on, working from, from, on a diet of, in response to.
    * a partir de ahora = from now on, from this point on, henceforth, as of now.
    * a partir de ahora y durante + Cuantificador + años = for + Cuantificador + years to come.
    * a partir de aquí = hereupon.
    * a partir de ello = therefrom.
    * a partir de entonces = from this time on, hereafter, thereafter, whereafter, from then on, thenceforth, henceforth, from that moment on.
    * a partir de ese momento = from that moment on.
    * a partir de este momento = hereinafter.
    * a partir de esto = on this basis, on that basis.
    * a partir de + Fecha = from + Fecha, effective + Fecha.
    * a partir de hoy = as from today.
    * a partir de la medianoche = late night.
    * a partir de los títulos = title-based.
    * a paso de tortuga = at a snail's pace.
    * a paso ligero = on the double.
    * a pasos agigantados = at an exponential rate, at exponential rates, by leaps and bounds.
    * a pedir de boca = without a hitch.
    * a pequeña escala = in a small way, small scale [small-scale].
    * a perpetuidad = in perpetuity.
    * a pesar de (que) = albeit (that), despite, in spite of, notwithstanding, although, despite the fact that, in spite of the fact that.
    * a pesar de todo = all the same, in spite of everything, despite everything, despite it all, in spite of it all, all this said.
    * a pesar de todo + Posesivo + Nombre = for all + Posesivo + Nombre.
    * a petición de = at the request of, at the urging of, at the behest of.
    * a petición del usuario = on demand, on request.
    * a petición popular = by popular demand.
    * a pie = on foot, afoot, dismounted.
    * a pilas = battery-operated.
    * a pique = sinking.
    * a placer = at will.
    * a plena luz del día = in broad daylight.
    * a poca distancia = not far behind.
    * a poca distancia andando = within walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a poca distancia a pie = within an easy walk, within walking distance.
    * a pocos minutos andando = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a pocos minutos a pie = within walking distance, within easy walking distance, within an easy walk.
    * a porrillo = by the handful.
    * a + Posesivo + aire = to + Posesivo + heart's content.
    * a + Posesivo + alcance = in the ballpark for + Pronombre, in + Posesivo + ballpark range.
    * a + Posesivo + costa = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + cuidado = in + Posesivo + safekeeping.
    * a + Posesivo + discreción = at will, at + Posesivo + discretion.
    * a + Posesivo + disposición = at + Posesivo + disposal.
    * a + Posesivo + entender = to the best of + Posesivo + belief.
    * a + Posesivo + espaldas = behind + Posesivo + back.
    * a + Posesivo + expensas = at + Posesivo + expense.
    * a + Posesivo + favor = in + Posesivo + favour, to + Posesivo + credit.
    * a + Posesivo + juicio = in + Posesivo + estimation.
    * a + Posesivo + manera = in + Posesivo + own way.
    * a + Posesivo + saber = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge.
    * a + Posesivo + saber y entender = to the best of + Posesivo + knowledge and belief.
    * a + Posesivo + servicio = at + Posesivo + service.
    * a + Posesivo + sorprender = much to + Posesivo + surprise.
    * a + Posesivo + vista = before + Posesivo + (own two) eyes.
    * a posteriori = reactive, in retrospect, after-the-fact, hindsight, with hindsight, a posteriori, in hindsight.
    * a precio de coste = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de costo = at cost price, at cost.
    * a precio de ganga = at a steal.
    * a precio especial = at reduced cost, discounted, cut-rate, cut-price.
    * a precio razonable = at reasonable cost(s).
    * a precio reducido = at a discount.
    * a precios competitivos = competitively priced.
    * a precios especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a precios razonables = at affordable prices.
    * a presión = pressurised [pressurized, -USA].
    * a primera hora de la mañana = first thing in the morning.
    * a primera hora de + Período del Día = first thing + Período del Día.
    * a primeras horas de la tarde = late afternoon.
    * a primera vista = on first acquaintance, at first sight, on first inspection, on the face of it, at first blush, at first glance, on the surface, prima facie, first-blush.
    * a primeros de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de + Fecha = in the early + Fecha.
    * a principios de los + Década = early + Década, the.
    * a priori = proactive [pro-active], foresight, a priori, on the surface.
    * a prisa = quickly.
    * a propósito = deliberate, for the record, incidentally, intentionally, by the way, in passing, anecdotally, purposely, by design, on purpose, wilfully [willfully, -USA], on a sidenote, studiously, by the way of (a) digression, by the by(e), speaking of which, designedly.
    * a propósito de = apropos of.
    * a propósito de nada = for no specific reason, for no particular reason.
    * a prueba = on trial.
    * a prueba de bombas = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA], bomb-proof.
    * a prueba de conejos = rabbit-proof.
    * a prueba de fallos = fail-safe.
    * a prueba de incendios = fireproof [fire-proof].
    * a prueba de niños = childproof.
    * a prueba de robos = theft proof.
    * a prueba de tornados = tornado proof.
    * a prueba de un tratamiento duro = ruggedised [ruggedized, -USA].
    * a prueba de viento = windproof.
    * a puerta cerrada = behind closed doors.
    * a punta de pistola = at gunpoint.
    * a punto de = on the verge of, a heartbeat away from.
    * a punto de + Infinitivo = about to + Infinitivo.
    * a punto de irse a pique = on the rocks.
    * a punto de morir = on + Posesivo + deathbed.
    * a puñados = by the sackful, by the handful.
    * a quemarropa = point blank.
    * a quien madruga, Dios le ayuda = the early bird catches the worm.
    * a quienquiera que = whomever.
    * a rachas = by fits and starts.
    * a ráfagas = in bursts.
    * a raíz de = in the wake of.
    * a rajatabla = to the letter.
    * a ras de = flush with.
    * a ras de la calle = ground-floor.
    * a ras del suelo = at ground level.
    * a rastras = in tow.
    * a ratos = intermittently.
    * a reacción = jet-assisted.
    * a rebosar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a regañadientes = grudgingly, grudging, begrudgingly, unwillingly, reluctantly.
    * a régimen = on a diet.
    * a remolque = in tow.
    * a reventar (de) = jam-packed (with), filled to capacity.
    * a saber = namely, viz, to wit.
    * a sabiendas = knowing, knowingly, wilfully [willfully, -USA].
    * a sabiendas de que = on the understanding that.
    * a sacudidas = jerkily.
    * a saltitos = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a salvo = in a safe place, in safekeeping, out of harm's way.
    * a sangre fría = cold-blooded.
    * a ser posible = if possible.
    * a simple vista = by the naked eye, superficially, on first thought.
    * a solas = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * a su debido tiempo = in due course, timely, in due time.
    * a sueldo = paid.
    * a su precio normal = at full price.
    * a su propio ritmo = at an individual pace.
    * a su tiempo = in a timely fashion, in due course, in a timely manner.
    * a su vez = Verbo + further, in turn, in its/their turn.
    * a tal efecto = to this effect.
    * a tales efectos = hereto.
    * a tarifa reducida = at reduced cost.
    * a tarifas especiales = at reduced rates, at preferential rates.
    * a temperatura ambiente = at room temperature.
    * a tener en cuenta en el futuro = for future reference.
    * a tenor de = in light of, in the face of, in the light of, in view of.
    * a ti = you, thee.
    * a tiempo = in timely fashion, on time, promptly, timely, just in time, in time.
    * a tiempo completo = full-time.
    * a tiempo parcial = part-time.
    * a tientas = in the dark.
    * a tientas y a ciegas = blindly, in the dark.
    * a ti mismo = yourself, thyself.
    * a tiro = within gunshot, within range.
    * a tirones = jerky [jerkier -comp., jerkiest -sup.].
    * a título de = by way of, for the sake of.
    * a título gratuito = gratuitous.
    * a título personal = in a personal capacity, in a private capacity.
    * a toda costa = absolutely, at all costs, come what may, at any cost, at any price.
    * a toda máquina = in the fast lane, fast lane, full steam ahead, at full tilt, full-tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda marcha = at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda mecha = at a rate of knots, full steam ahead, at full blast, at full throttle, at top speed, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a toda pasta = at a rate of knots.
    * a toda pastilla = in the fast lane, on the fast track, fast lane, overdrive, full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at a rate of knots, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a toda prueba = unswerving.
    * a todas horas = at all hours, around the clock.
    * a todas luces = patently.
    * a todas partes = far and wide.
    * a toda velocidad = full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed.
    * a todo alrededor = all round.
    * a todo color = full-colour, in full colour.
    * a todo gas = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo lo largo de = the length of.
    * a todo meter = full steam ahead, at full stretch, at full speed, at full blast, at top speed, at full throttle.
    * a todo ritmo = in full swing, in full force, in full gear.
    * a todos lados = far and wide.
    * a todos los efectos = to all intents and purposes, to all intents, for all practical purposes, for all intents and purposes.
    * a todos los niveles = at all levels.
    * a todos nosotros = us all.
    * a todos por igual = one size fits all.
    * a todo vapor = full steam ahead, full-tilt, at full tilt, full-throttle, at full throttle, at top speed, at full blast, at full speed, at full stretch.
    * a todo volumen = at full blast.
    * a tontas y a ciegas = headlong, runaway.
    * a tontas y locas = like there's no tomorrow, without rhyme or reason.
    * a tope = packed to capacity, in the fast lane, fast lane, choc-a-block, chock-full, in full swing, in full gear, packed to the rafters.
    * a trancas y barrancas = with great difficulty, by fits and starts.
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of, through the agency of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la TI = IT-enabled.
    * a través de la web = Web-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = over the years, down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * a través de operador = operator-assisted.
    * a tres bandas = three pronged.
    * a tres niveles = three-tiered.
    * a troche y moche = like there's no tomorrow.
    * a trompicones = by fits and starts.
    * a tropezones = falteringly, hesitantly, haltingly, jerkily.
    * a trozos = piecewise.
    * ¡A tu salud! = Here's to you!.
    * a última hora = at the last minute, at the eleventh hour, last minute [last-minute], at the very last minute, at the very last moment, at the very last.
    * a últimas horas de la tarde = late evening.
    * a últ

    * * *
    a
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.
    No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan como quien, alguien, etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, pasear al perro = to walk the dog.
    En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    A (en relaciones de espacio, lugar)
    voy a México/a la fiesta I'm going to Mexico/to the party
    voy a casa I'm going home
    dobla a la derecha turn right
    se cayó al río she fell into the river
    estaban sentados a la mesa they were sitting at the table
    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down to the right of me o on my right
    a la vuelta de la esquina around the corner
    queda al norte de Toledo it's (to the) north of Toledo
    3
    (indicando distancia): está a diez kilómetros de aquí it's ten kilometers from here, it's ten kilometers away
    está a unos 20 minutos de aquí it takes o it's about 20 minutes from here, it's a 20 minute drive ( o walk etc) from here
    1 (señalando hora, momento, fecha) at
    abren a las ocho they open at eight o'clock
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?
    a eso de las dos at around o about two o'clock
    a mediados de abril in mid-April
    hoy estamos a 20 it's the 20th today
    al día siguiente the next o following day
    empezó a hablar a los diez meses he started talking when he was ten months old o at ten months
    llegó a la mañana/noche ( RPl); he arrived in the morning/at night
    2 al + INF:
    se cayó al bajar del autobús she fell as she was getting off the bus
    al verlo me di cuenta de que ya no lo quería when I saw him o on seeing him, I realized that I no longer loved him
    al salir de la estación torcí a la izquierda I turned left out of the station
    3
    (indicando distancia en el tiempo): a escasos minutos de su llegada (después) just a few minutes after she arrived; (antes) just a few minutes before she arrived
    trabajan de lunes a viernes/de una a cinco they work (from) Monday to Friday/from one to five
    a los diez minutos del primer tiempo ten minutes into the first half o after ten minutes of the first half
    estaré en París de martes a jueves I'll be in Paris from Tuesday until Thursday, I'll be in Paris Tuesday through Thursday ( AmE)
    C
    (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia): tres veces al día/a la semana three times a day/a week
    sale a 2.000 euros por cabeza it works out at 2,000 euros per person
    iban a 100 kilómetros por hora they were going (at) 100 kilometers per hour
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us by five points to three, they beat us five three o ( AmE) five to three
    D
    (indicando modo, estilo): fuimos a pie/a caballo we walked/rode, we went on foot/on horseback
    pollo al horno/a la brasa roast/barbecued chicken
    un peinado a lo Rodolfo Valentino a Rudolph Valentino hairstyle
    a crédito on credit
    ilustraciones a todo color full-color illustrations
    una tela a rayas a piece of striped material
    1
    (introduciendo el complemento directo de persona): ¿viste a José? did you see José?
    la policía está buscando al asesino the police are looking for the murderer
    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud
    busca una secretaria bilingüe he's looking for a bilingual secretary
    ]
    2
    (introduciendo el complemento indirecto): le escribió una carta a su padre he wrote a letter to his father, he wrote his father a letter
    dáselo/dáselos a ella give it/them to her
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English
    suave al tacto soft to the touch
    agradable al oído pleasing to the ear
    3
    (indicando procedencia): se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o ( colloq) off a gipsy
    F
    enséñale a nadar teach him to swim
    fue a preguntar he went to ask
    a que + SUBJ:
    los instó a que participaran he urged them to take part
    voy a ir a que me hagan un chequeo I'm going to go and have a checkup
    2 ( fam)
    (para): ¿a qué tanta ceremonia? what's all the fuss for?
    ¿a qué le fuiste a decir eso? what did you go and tell him that for?
    3
    a por ( Esp fam): bajo a por pan I'm going down to get some bread o for some bread ( colloq)
    ¿quién va a ir a por los niños? who's going to fetch o get the children?
    ¡a por ello! go for it!
    los puntos a tratar en la reunión de mañana the points to be discussed at tomorrow's meeting
    es una idea a tener en cuenta it's an idea to bear in mind o that should be borne in mind
    total a pagar total payable
    horario a convenir hours to be arranged
    H
    1
    (en órdenes): ¡a la cama, niños! off to bed, children!
    ¡a callar! shut up! ( colloq)
    vamos ¡a trabajar! come on, let's get some work done!
    a decir verdad to tell you the truth
    a juzgar por lo que tú dices judging from what you say
    3 ( fam)
    (en cuanto a): a tozudo no hay quien le gane when it comes to being stubborn there's nobody like him
    4
    (indicando causa): a petición del interesado ( frml); at the request of the interested party
    al + INF:
    al no saber idiomas está en desventaja as he doesn't speak any languages he is at a disadvantage, he's at a disadvantage not speaking any languages
    5
    (expresando desafío): ¿a que no sabes qué nota me puso? you'll never guess what mark she gave me!
    tú no te atreverías — ¿a que sí? you wouldn't dare — do you want to o a bet? ( colloq)
    ¡a que no puedes! bet you can't! ( colloq)
    * * *

    Multiple Entries:
    A    
    a
    A,
    ◊ a sustantivo femenino (pl aes) (read as /a/) the letter A, a

    a preposición Nota:
    La preposición a suele emplearse precedida de ciertos verbos como empezar, ir, oler, sonar etc, en cuyo caso ver bajo el respectivo verbo.No se traduce cuando introduce el complemento directo de persona (ser humano, pronombres personales que lo representan, como quien, alguien, algún etc) o un nombre con un objeto o animal personalizado: amo a mi patria = I love my country, paseo a mi perro = I walk my dog.En los casos en que precede al artículo definido el para formar la contracción al, ver bajo la siguiente entrada, donde también se encontrarán otros ejemplos y usos de a.
    1

    ◊ voy a México/la tienda I'm going to Mexico/to the shop;

    voy a casa I'm going home;
    se cayó al río she fell into the river


    a orillas del Ebro on the banks of the Ebro;
    se sentó al sol he sat in the sun;
    se sentó a mi derecha he sat down on my right


    2
    a) (señalando hora, momento) at;


    a la hora de comer at lunch time;
    ¿a qué hora vengo? what time shall I come?;
    a mediados de abril in mid-April;
    al día siguiente the next o following day

    ◊ hoy estamos a lunes/a 20 today is Monday/it's the 20th today

    c) al + inf:


    al enterarse de la noticia when he learnt o on learning the news



    ( antes) a few minutes before she arrived;

    3 (en relaciones de proporción, equivalencia):

    sale a 100 euros cada uno it works out at 100 euros each;
    a 100 kilómetros por hora (at) 100 kilometers per hour;
    nos ganaron cinco a tres they beat us five three o (AmE) five to three
    4 (indicando modo, medio, estilo):
    ◊ a pie/a caballo on foot/on horseback;

    a crédito on credit;
    funciona a pilas it runs on batteries;
    a mano by hand;
    a rayas striped;
    vestirse a lo punk to wear punk clothes
    5

    ◊ ¿viste a José? did you see José?;

    no he leído a Freud I haven't read (any) Freud


    dáselo a ella give it to her;
    les enseña inglés a mis hijos she teaches my children English;
    le echó (la) llave a la puerta she locked the door

    ◊ se lo compré a una gitana I bought it from o (colloq) off a gipsy

    A, a f (letra) A
    'A' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    a. C.
    - a.m.
    - abajeña
    - abajeño
    - abanderada
    - abanderado
    - abandonar
    - abandonada
    - abandonado
    - abanico
    - abarquillada
    - abarquillado
    - abarrotada
    - abarrotado
    - abasto
    - abatida
    - abatido
    - abatirse
    - abdicar
    - aberración
    - abertura
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - abigarrada
    - abigarrado
    - abigarrar
    - ablandar
    - ablusada
    - ablusado
    - abnegada
    - abnegado
    - abobada
    - abobado
    - abocada
    - abocado
    - abogacía
    - abogada
    - abogado
    - abombada
    - abombado
    - abonar
    - abonada
    - abonado
    - abonarse
    - abono
    - abordar
    - abordaje
    - aborregar
    - abortar
    - abortiva
    English:
    A
    - A-level
    - a.m.
    - abandon
    - abandoned
    - abide by
    - ability
    - abject
    - abnormal
    - aboard
    - aborigine
    - abortion
    - abortive
    - about
    - above
    - above-board
    - above-mentioned
    - abrasive
    - abreast
    - abridged
    - abrupt
    - absent
    - absent-minded
    - absolute
    - absolutely
    - absorbed
    - abstemious
    - abstract
    - absurd
    - abundant
    - abuse
    - abusive
    - abysmal
    - academic
    - academy
    - accede
    - accent
    - acceptable
    - access
    - accident-prone
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - acclimatized
    - accommodate
    - accommodation
    - accomplish
    - accomplished
    - account
    - account for
    - accountable
    * * *
    A
    1. (abrev de autopista) Br M, US freeway
    2. (abrev de alfil) [en notación de ajedrez] B
    A, a [a] nf
    [letra] A, a;
    si por a o por be… if for any reason…
    * * *
    a
    prp
    al este de to the east of;
    a casa home;
    ir a la cama/al cine go to bed/to the movies;
    ¡a trabajar! get to work!;
    vamos a Buenos Aires we’re going to Buenos Aires;
    voy a casa de Marta I’m going to Marta’s (house)
    a la mesa at the table;
    al lado de next to;
    a la derecha on the right;
    al sol in the sun;
    a treinta kilómetros de Cuzco thirty kilometers from Cuzco;
    está a cinco kilómetros it’s five kilometers away
    :
    ¿a qué hora llegas? what time do you arrive?;
    a las tres at three o’clock;
    de once a doce from eleven (o’clock) to twelve;
    estamos a quince de febrero it’s February fifteenth;
    a los treinta años at the age of thirty;
    a la llegada del tren when the train arrives
    :
    a la española the Spanish way;
    a mano by hand;
    a pie on foot;
    a 50 kilómetros por hora at fifty kilometers an hour
    :
    ¿a cómo o
    cuánto está? how much is it?;
    están a dos pesos el kilo they are two pesos a kilo
    :
    dáselo a tu hermano give it to your brother
    :
    vi a mi padre I saw my father
    :
    empezar a begin to;
    jugar a las cartas play cards;
    decidirse a hacer algo decide to do sth;
    voy a comprarlo I’m going to buy it;
    a decir verdad to tell the truth
    :
    ¿a que no lo sabes? I bet you don’t know;
    a ver OK, right;
    a ver lo que pasa ahora let’s see what happens now
    abr (= alias) aka (= also known as)
    * * *
    a nf
    : first letter of the Spanish alphabet
    a prep
    1) : to
    nos vamos a México: we're going to Mexico
    ¿llamaste a tu papá?: did you call your dad?
    como a usted le guste: as you wish
    3) : in the manner of
    papas a la francesa: french fries
    4) : on, by means of
    a pie: on foot
    5) : per, each
    tres pastillas al día: three pills per day
    enséñales a leer: teach them to read
    problemas a resolver: problems to be solved
    * * *
    a prep
    3. (distancia) away
    está a un kilómetro de aquí it's one kilometre from here / it's one kilometre away
    4. (tiempo) at
    5. (distribución, cantidad, medida, precio) a / at
    tocamos a 1.000 cada uno it works out at 1,000 each
    fui a pie I walked / I went on foot
    hecho a mano handmade / made by hand
    ¿has visto a Iván? have you seen Iván?
    9. (para) for
    10. (de) from

    Spanish-English dictionary > a

  • 2 durante

    prep.
    during (mientras).
    por favor, desconecten sus teléfonos móviles durante la proyección please insure mobile phones are switched off during the film
    durante la guerra during the war
    estuvo sin beber durante un año he went (for) a year without drinking
    durante el verano mejoró su situación económica his financial situation improved over the summer
    durante una hora for an hour
    durante toda su vida throughout her life
    m.
    Durante, Jimmy Durante.
    * * *
    ► adverbio
    1 during, in, for
    * * *
    prep.
    during, for
    * * *
    PREP [con espacio de tiempo] during; [expresando la duración] for

    ¿qué hiciste durante las vacaciones? — what did you do in o during the holidays?

    ¿ha llovido durante el fin de semana? — did it rain at o over the weekend?

    durante toda la noche — all through the night, all night long

    DURANTE Para traducir durante tenemos que diferenciar si hace referencia a cuándo ocurre la acción o a cuánto dura. ¿Cuándo ocurre la acción? ► Traducimos durante por during si nos referimos al intervalo de tiempo en que ocurre la acción, cuando la referencia temporal la indica un suceso o actividad determinados: Se conocieron durante la guerra They met during the war Se puso enferma durante una visita a Madrid She became ill during a visit to Madrid La bomba hizo explosión durante la entrega de premios The bomb went off during the prize-giving ceremony ► También se traduce por during cuando la referencia temporal viene indicada por un periodo de tiempo concreto: El tráfico es peor durante el verano The traffic is worse during the summer Durante los años treinta la economía se hallaba en dificultades The economy was in difficulties during the 1930s Si se trata de una acción progresiva, o que continúa o que se repite durante todo el periodo de tiempo que se indica, es preferible traducir durante por over: La situación ha empeorado durante los últimos años The situation has worsened over the last few years Durante el fin de semana el actor ha sido visto en varias ocasiones There have been several sightings of the actor over the weekend ¿Cuánto dura la acción? ► Si nos referimos a la duración de la acción, durante se traduce generalmente por for: Llevo sufriendo dolores de cabeza durante más de treinta años I've been having headaches for more than 30 years Fue periodista durante cuatro años He was a journalist for four years Para otros usos y ejemplos ver la entrada
    * * *

    durante 1980 — during o in 1980

    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre — prices rose by 0.3% in December

    * * *
    = at the stage of, during, throughout.
    Ex. At the stage of subject analysis the indexer decides which, and there how many, concepts are selected for indexing purposes.
    Ex. This article singles out four trends which have influenced the work of UNESCO during the last decade.
    Ex. Throughout this chapter the term 'document' is used to refer to any item which might be found in a library or information center or data base.
    ----
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * ausentarse durante + Expresión Temporal = not be back for + Expresión Temporal.
    * autoaprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong learning.
    * durante algunos años = for some years, over a period of years.
    * durante algún tiempo = for a while, for some time, for some while, for some time to come, for days.
    * durante años = for years.
    * durante años y años = for years and years (and years).
    * durante casi + Fecha = for the best part of + Fecha, for the better part of + Fecha.
    * durante casi todo el año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante cierto tiempo = over a period of time.
    * durante cuánto tiempo = how long.
    * durante demasiado tiempo = for too long.
    * durante días = for days.
    * durante días y días = for days on end.
    * durante el año pasado = over the past year.
    * durante el apogeo de = during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el auge de = at the height of, during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el descanso = at breaktime.
    * durante el día = by day, daytime [day-time], in the daytime, during the daytime, during daytime.
    * durante el entrenamiento = in practice.
    * durante el fin de semana = over the weekend.
    * durante el próximo año = over the next year.
    * durante el transcurso de = over the course of.
    * durante el transcurso de los acontecimientos = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante el transcurso de muchos años = over many years.
    * durante el transporte = in transit.
    * durante el último año = over the last year.
    * durante el vuelo = in-flight.
    * durante este período = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante este tiempo = in this time.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal, over + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal + y + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal + on end.
    * durante generaciones = for generations.
    * durante la bajamar = at low tide.
    * durante la búsqueda = at the search stage.
    * durante la década de = through + Década.
    * durante la guerra = during wartime, wartime [wart-time], war years, the.
    * durante la mayor parte de = for much of.
    * durante la mayor parte del año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante la Navidad = at Christmas time.
    * durante la noche = overnight, night-time.
    * durante la Pascua = at Christmas time.
    * durante la pleamar = at high tide.
    * durante largos períodos de tiempo = over long periods of time.
    * durante las horas de más calor = during the heat of the day.
    * durante las horas puntas = at peak periods.
    * durante la tira de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante los dos últimos meses = over the last couple of months.
    * durante los primeros años = during the early years.
    * durante los próximos años = for the next few years, over the next few years, during the next few years.
    * durante los últimos años = over the past few years, over recent years.
    * durante los últimos + Expresión Temporal = over the past + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante los últimos + Número + años = over the last + Número + years.
    * durante meses y meses = for months on end.
    * durante miles de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante millones de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante muchas horas = for many long hours.
    * durante muchísimo tiempo = for ages and ages (and ages), in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante muchos años = for many years, for years to come, for many years to come, over many years, for years and years (and years).
    * durante mucho tiempo = long [longer -comp., longest -sup.], for generations, long-time [longtime], for a long time to come, for long periods of time, for a long period of time, lastingly, for a very long time, for a very long time, for many long hours, for a long time, in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante + Posesivo + madurez = in later life.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * durante tanto tiempo = for so long, so long.
    * durante tanto tiempo como sea posible = for as long as possible.
    * durante toda la noche = all-night, all night long.
    * durante toda la vida = lifelong [life-long].
    * durante toda una vida = over a lifetime.
    * durante todo = all the way through, throughout.
    * durante todo el día = all day long.
    * durante todo el trimestre = semester-long.
    * durante todo el verano = all summer long.
    * durante todo + Tiempo = all through + Tiempo.
    * durante un largo período de tiempo = over a long time scale, over a long period of time, for a long period of time, over a long period.
    * durante unos instantes = for a bit.
    * durante un período de + Expresión Temporal = over a period of + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante un período de prueba = on a trial basis.
    * durante un período de tiempo = for a number of years.
    * durante un periodo de tiempo determinado = over a period of time.
    * durante un período de tiempo indefinido = over an indefinite period of time, over an indefinite span of time.
    * durante un período indefinido = for an indefinite period.
    * durante un porrón de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante un tiempo indefinido = for an indefinite time to come.
    * durante varios años = for a number of years, for several years.
    * esperado durante tiempo y con ansiedad = long-and-expectantly-awaited.
    * fue durante mucho tiempo = long remained.
    * observar atentamente y durante cierto tiempo = maintain + vigil.
    * trabajar durante un período de tiempo = serve + stint.
    * * *

    durante 1980 — during o in 1980

    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre — prices rose by 0.3% in December

    * * *
    = at the stage of, during, throughout.

    Ex: At the stage of subject analysis the indexer decides which, and there how many, concepts are selected for indexing purposes.

    Ex: This article singles out four trends which have influenced the work of UNESCO during the last decade.
    Ex: Throughout this chapter the term 'document' is used to refer to any item which might be found in a library or information center or data base.
    * aprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong education.
    * ausentarse durante + Expresión Temporal = not be back for + Expresión Temporal.
    * autoaprendizaje durante toda la vida = lifelong learning.
    * durante algunos años = for some years, over a period of years.
    * durante algún tiempo = for a while, for some time, for some while, for some time to come, for days.
    * durante años = for years.
    * durante años y años = for years and years (and years).
    * durante casi + Fecha = for the best part of + Fecha, for the better part of + Fecha.
    * durante casi todo el año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante cierto tiempo = over a period of time.
    * durante cuánto tiempo = how long.
    * durante demasiado tiempo = for too long.
    * durante días = for days.
    * durante días y días = for days on end.
    * durante el año pasado = over the past year.
    * durante el apogeo de = during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el auge de = at the height of, during the height of, during the heyday of.
    * durante el descanso = at breaktime.
    * durante el día = by day, daytime [day-time], in the daytime, during the daytime, during daytime.
    * durante el entrenamiento = in practice.
    * durante el fin de semana = over the weekend.
    * durante el próximo año = over the next year.
    * durante el transcurso de = over the course of.
    * durante el transcurso de los acontecimientos = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante el transcurso de muchos años = over many years.
    * durante el transporte = in transit.
    * durante el último año = over the last year.
    * durante el vuelo = in-flight.
    * durante este período = in the course of events, during the course of events.
    * durante este tiempo = in this time.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal, over + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante + Expresión Temporal + y + Expresión Temporal = for + Expresión Temporal + on end.
    * durante generaciones = for generations.
    * durante la bajamar = at low tide.
    * durante la búsqueda = at the search stage.
    * durante la década de = through + Década.
    * durante la guerra = during wartime, wartime [wart-time], war years, the.
    * durante la mayor parte de = for much of.
    * durante la mayor parte del año = for the best part of the year.
    * durante la Navidad = at Christmas time.
    * durante la noche = overnight, night-time.
    * durante la Pascua = at Christmas time.
    * durante la pleamar = at high tide.
    * durante largos períodos de tiempo = over long periods of time.
    * durante las horas de más calor = during the heat of the day.
    * durante las horas puntas = at peak periods.
    * durante la tira de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante los dos últimos meses = over the last couple of months.
    * durante los primeros años = during the early years.
    * durante los próximos años = for the next few years, over the next few years, during the next few years.
    * durante los últimos años = over the past few years, over recent years.
    * durante los últimos + Expresión Temporal = over the past + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante los últimos + Número + años = over the last + Número + years.
    * durante meses y meses = for months on end.
    * durante miles de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante millones de años = for aeons and aeons, for aeons.
    * durante muchas horas = for many long hours.
    * durante muchísimo tiempo = for ages and ages (and ages), in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante muchos años = for many years, for years to come, for many years to come, over many years, for years and years (and years).
    * durante mucho tiempo = long [longer -comp., longest -sup.], for generations, long-time [longtime], for a long time to come, for long periods of time, for a long period of time, lastingly, for a very long time, for a very long time, for many long hours, for a long time, in ages (and ages and ages).
    * durante + Posesivo + madurez = in later life.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * durante tanto tiempo = for so long, so long.
    * durante tanto tiempo como sea posible = for as long as possible.
    * durante toda la noche = all-night, all night long.
    * durante toda la vida = lifelong [life-long].
    * durante toda una vida = over a lifetime.
    * durante todo = all the way through, throughout.
    * durante todo el día = all day long.
    * durante todo el trimestre = semester-long.
    * durante todo el verano = all summer long.
    * durante todo + Tiempo = all through + Tiempo.
    * durante un largo período de tiempo = over a long time scale, over a long period of time, for a long period of time, over a long period.
    * durante unos instantes = for a bit.
    * durante un período de + Expresión Temporal = over a period of + Expresión Temporal.
    * durante un período de prueba = on a trial basis.
    * durante un período de tiempo = for a number of years.
    * durante un periodo de tiempo determinado = over a period of time.
    * durante un período de tiempo indefinido = over an indefinite period of time, over an indefinite span of time.
    * durante un período indefinido = for an indefinite period.
    * durante un porrón de tiempo = for donkey's years.
    * durante un tiempo indefinido = for an indefinite time to come.
    * durante varios años = for a number of years, for several years.
    * esperado durante tiempo y con ansiedad = long-and-expectantly-awaited.
    * fue durante mucho tiempo = long remained.
    * observar atentamente y durante cierto tiempo = maintain + vigil.
    * trabajar durante un período de tiempo = serve + stint.

    * * *
    durante mi ausencia/su reinado during my absence/his reign
    durante 1980 during o in 1980
    gobernó el país durante casi dos décadas she governed the country for almost two decades
    normalmente no salimos durante la semana we don't normally go out during the week
    trabajé en casa durante toda esa semana I worked at home all that week o for the whole of that week
    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre prices rose by 0.3% in December
    cuando estas drogas se toman durante un período largo when these drugs are taken over o for a long period
    su condición ha empeorado durante los últimos días his condition has worsened over the last few days
    durante estos días realiza una gira por Italia she is at present o currently on tour in Italy
    * * *

     

    durante preposición ( en el transcurso de) during;
    ( cuando se especifica la duración) for;
    ◊ durante 1980 during o in 1980;

    gobernó el país durante casi dos décadas she governed the country for almost two decades;
    los precios aumentaron un 0,3% durante el mes de diciembre prices rose by 0.3% in December;
    durante todo el invierno throughout the winter
    durante preposición during: caminamos durante dos horas, we walked for two hours
    hablaremos durante la cena, we'll talk over dinner
    se durmió durante la conferencia, she fell asleep during the lecture
    estuvo llorando durante toda la noche, she was crying all night long
    Recuerda que during se usa con el "nombre" de un período (la guerra, el concierto, el día) y responde a la pregunta ¿cuándo ocurrió? For expresa duración ( tres días, un par de segundos) y responde a la pregunta ¿cuánto tiempo duró?

    ' durante' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    amiga
    - amigo
    - arrojadiza
    - arrojadizo
    - cada
    - cañón
    - cesar
    - clásica
    - clásico
    - cola
    - como
    - contienda
    - continuismo
    - corrillo
    - desarrollo
    - desnaturalizar
    - día
    - empeorar
    - encierro
    - exilio
    - extracorpórea
    - extracorpóreo
    - filmación
    - herida
    - legislatura
    - mes
    - mientras
    - novelón
    - pajolera
    - pajolero
    - por
    - seguida
    - seguido
    - ver
    - adolescencia
    - bajada
    - callado
    - cartearse
    - cartelera
    - cierto
    - crecimiento
    - detenido
    - empatar
    - guardar
    - lactancia
    - meditar
    - reemplazar
    - reemplazo
    - zarandear
    English:
    all
    - allege
    - almost
    - antsy
    - appal
    - appall
    - assistant
    - badly
    - besiege
    - blackout
    - blow
    - canvasser
    - climate
    - collapse
    - composed
    - course
    - craving
    - crib
    - deliberate
    - detention
    - diving
    - during
    - ensue
    - ferment
    - flatten
    - fluster
    - fold
    - for
    - forceps
    - go on
    - go-between
    - guffaw
    - haggle
    - hold against
    - homesick
    - hooligan
    - hound
    - in
    - in-flight
    - injure
    - intermission
    - intermittent
    - interrogate
    - keep in
    - major
    - monstrosity
    - neutrality
    - observation
    - outage
    - over
    * * *
    durante prep
    [en todo el tiempo de] for; [mientras] during;
    estuvo sin beber durante un año he went (for) a year without drinking;
    durante una hora for an hour;
    durante todo el mes de febrero for the whole of February, throughout the month of February;
    durante las vacaciones during the Br holidays o US vacation;
    llovió varias veces durante la semana it rained several times during the week;
    por favor, desconecten sus teléfonos móviles durante la proyección please ensure cellphones o Br mobile phones are switched off during the movie;
    durante un año se produjeron tres seísmos en la zona there were three earthquakes in the area in the space of a year;
    durante su estancia en Londres visitó varios museos he visited several museums while he was in London;
    durante el verano mejoró su situación económica his financial situation improved over the summer;
    * * *
    durante seis meses for six months
    * * *
    durante prep
    : during
    durante todo el día: all day long
    trabajó durante tres horas: he worked for three hours
    * * *
    durante prep
    1. during
    2. for

    Spanish-English dictionary > durante

  • 3 siglo

    m.
    century (cien años).
    el siglo XX the 20th century
    el siglo de las Luces the Age of Enlightenment
    * * *
    1 century
    \
    hace un siglo que... / hace siglos que... I (we, they, etc) haven't... for ages
    por los siglos de los siglos for ever and ever
    el Siglo de las Luces the Age of Enlightenment
    el Siglo de Oro the Golden Age
    * * *
    noun m.
    2) age
    * * *
    SM
    1) (=cien años) century

    por los siglos de los siglos — world without end, for ever and ever

    siglo de oro — (Mit) golden age

    Siglo de Oro — (Literat) Golden Age

    2) (=largo tiempo)

    hace un siglo o hace siglos que no le veo — I haven't seen him for ages

    3) (Rel)
    * * *
    masculino ( período) century

    data del siglo XV — it dates from o is from the 15th century

    hace siglos or un siglo que no le escribo — (fam) I haven't written to her for ages (colloq)

    * * *
    Ex. Seymour Lubetzky is considered by many librarian to be the greatest theoretician of descriptive cataloging in this century.
    ----
    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * con el transcurso de los siglos = over the course of the centuries.
    * de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX = turn-of-the-century.
    * de hace siglos = of yore.
    * de hace varios siglos = centuries-old.
    * del siglo diecinueve = nineteenth-century.
    * del siglo diecisiete = seventeenth-century.
    * de mediados de siglo = mid-century.
    * de mitad de siglo = mid-century.
    * desde hace siglos = for yonks, for yonks and yonks.
    * desde principios de siglo = since the turn of the century, from the turn of the century.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * en el transcurso de los siglos = over the course of the centuries.
    * enfermedad del siglo viente = twentieth-century disease.
    * hace siglos = ages (and ages) ago, aeons ago, yonks.
    * hace siglos y siglos = yonks and yonks.
    * para principios de siglo = by the turn of the century.
    * Siglo de las Luces, el = Enlightenment, the, Age of Enlightenment, the.
    * siglos = donkey's years.
    * siglo trece = thirteenth century.
    * siglo XIX, el = nineteenth century, the, 19th century, the.
    * siglo XV = fifteenth century.
    * siglo XVI = sixteenth-century.
    * siglo XVII = seventeenth century.
    * siglo XVIII = eighteenth century.
    * siglo XX = 20th century, twentieth century, the.
    * siglo XXI = 21st century.
    * * *
    masculino ( período) century

    data del siglo XV — it dates from o is from the 15th century

    hace siglos or un siglo que no le escribo — (fam) I haven't written to her for ages (colloq)

    * * *

    Ex: Seymour Lubetzky is considered by many librarian to be the greatest theoretician of descriptive cataloging in this century.

    * a finales del + Siglo = late + Siglo.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * con el transcurso de los siglos = over the course of the centuries.
    * de finales del siglo XIX y principios del XX = turn-of-the-century.
    * de hace siglos = of yore.
    * de hace varios siglos = centuries-old.
    * del siglo diecinueve = nineteenth-century.
    * del siglo diecisiete = seventeenth-century.
    * de mediados de siglo = mid-century.
    * de mitad de siglo = mid-century.
    * desde hace siglos = for yonks, for yonks and yonks.
    * desde principios de siglo = since the turn of the century, from the turn of the century.
    * durante siglos = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries.
    * en el transcurso de los siglos = over the course of the centuries.
    * enfermedad del siglo viente = twentieth-century disease.
    * hace siglos = ages (and ages) ago, aeons ago, yonks.
    * hace siglos y siglos = yonks and yonks.
    * para principios de siglo = by the turn of the century.
    * Siglo de las Luces, el = Enlightenment, the, Age of Enlightenment, the.
    * siglos = donkey's years.
    * siglo trece = thirteenth century.
    * siglo XIX, el = nineteenth century, the, 19th century, the.
    * siglo XV = fifteenth century.
    * siglo XVI = sixteenth-century.
    * siglo XVII = seventeenth century.
    * siglo XVIII = eighteenth century.
    * siglo XX = 20th century, twentieth century, the.
    * siglo XXI = 21st century.

    * * *
    el siglo V después de Cristo the fifth century AD
    data del siglo XV it dates from o is from the 15th century
    mi madre es de otro siglo my mother's really old-fashioned o ( colloq) is still living in the last century
    hace siglos or un siglo que no le escribo ( fam); I haven't written to her for ages ( colloq)
    por los siglos de los siglos for ever and ever
    Compuestos:
    Age of Enlightenment
    Golden Age Siglo de Oro (↑ siglo a1)
    B ( liter)
    (mundo): el siglo the world
    retirarse del siglo ( Relig) to withdraw from the world
    * * *

     

    Multiple Entries:
    s.    
    siglo
    s. sustantivo masculino (
    ◊ siglo) C;

    s.XX C20
    siglo sustantivo masculino ( período) century;
    hace siglos or un siglo que no le escribo (fam) I haven't written to her for ages (colloq)
    siglo sustantivo masculino century
    a comienzos del siglo XV, at the beginning of the 15th century
    este tapiz data del siglo IV, this tapestry dates from the fourth century
    Siglo de las Luces, Age of Enlightenment
    fam (mucho tiempo) hacía siglos que no la veía, I had not seen her for ages
    ♦ Locuciones: por los siglos de los siglos, for ever and ever
    el crimen del siglo, the crime of the century

    ' siglo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    apuntar
    - construcción
    - corta
    - corto
    - descubierta
    - descubierto
    - diecinueve
    - escatológico
    - mundialmente
    - realista
    - datar
    - s.
    English:
    century
    - decade
    - early
    - turn
    - date
    - Enlightenment
    - hundred
    - late
    - well
    * * *
    siglo nm
    1. [cien años] century;
    el siglo XX the 20th century
    el siglo de las Luces the Age of Enlightenment;
    el Siglo de Oro the Golden Age [of Spanish literature]
    2. Fam [mucho tiempo]
    hace siglos que no la veo I haven't seen her for ages;
    por los siglos de los siglos for ever and ever
    * * *
    m century;
    un siglo que no le veo fig I haven’t seen him in a long long time;
    el Siglo de Oro the Golden Age;
    el Siglo de las Luces HIST the (Age of) Enlightenment
    * * *
    siglo nm
    1) : century
    2) : age
    el Siglo de Oro: the Golden Age
    hace siglos que no te veo: I haven't seen you in ages
    3) : world, secular life
    * * *
    1. (cien años) century [pl. centuries]

    Spanish-English dictionary > siglo

  • 4 través

    adv.
    crosswise, slantwise.
    * * *
    2 (pieza de madera) crosspiece, crossbeam
    4 figurado (desgracia) misfortune
    \
    al través crossways
    a través de (de un lado a otro) across, over 2 (por dentro) through 3 (mediante) through, from
    cortar al través COSTURA to cut on the bias
    mirar de través (de reojo) to look out of the corner of one's eye 2 (con desaprobación) to look askance at 3 (defecto) to squint
    * * *
    SM
    1) (Arquit) (=viga) crossbeam
    2) (Mil) traverse; (=muro) protective wall
    3) (=curva) bend, turn; (=inclinación) slant; (=sesgo) bias; (=deformación) warp
    4) (=contratiempo) reverse, misfortune; (=trastorno) upset
    5)

    a través de — across; (=por medio de) through

    6)

    al través — across, crossways

    de través — across, crossways; (=oblicuamente) obliquely; (=de lado) sideways

    ir de través — (Náut) to drift/be blown off course

    mirar a algn de través — (lit) to look sideways at sb; (fig) to look askance at sb

    * * *
    a)

    a través de — (loc prep) ( de lado a lado) across; ( por medio de) through

    b)

    al través — (loc adv) < cortar> crossways, diagonally

    de través — (Méx) (loc adv) diagonally

    * * *
    ----
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la web = Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * campo a través = off-road.
    * hacer accesible a través de = make + available through.
    * ser accesible a través de = be available through.
    * servicio a través de terceros = third-party service.
    * ver a través de = see through, see through.
    * viaje a través del tiempo = time travel.
    * * *
    a)

    a través de — (loc prep) ( de lado a lado) across; ( por medio de) through

    b)

    al través — (loc adv) < cortar> crossways, diagonally

    de través — (Méx) (loc adv) diagonally

    * * *
    * a través de = by way of, in the form of, through, via, out of.
    * a través de Internet = Internet-based, Web-supported.
    * a través de la historia = over time.
    * a través de la web = Web-supported.
    * a través de los años = down the years.
    * a través de los ojos de = through the eyes of.
    * a través de los siglos = over the centuries.
    * a través del teléfono = call-in.
    * a través del tiempo = over time.
    * campo a través = off-road.
    * hacer accesible a través de = make + available through.
    * ser accesible a través de = be available through.
    * servicio a través de terceros = third-party service.
    * ver a través de = see through, see through.
    * viaje a través del tiempo = time travel.
    * * *
    1
    a través de ( loc prep): pusieron barricadas a través de la calle they erected barricades across the street
    el sol pasa a través de los árboles the sunlight filters through the trees
    huyó a través del parque he fled across the park
    se enteró a través de la radio she heard it on the radio
    me manifestó su aprecio a través de un regalo she expressed her appreciation with a gift
    2
    al través ( loc adv) ‹cortar› crossways, diagonally
    3
    de través ( Méx) ( loc adv) diagonally
    * * *

     

    través
    a)



    ( por medio de) through;

    se enteró a través de un amigo she heard about it through a friend
    b) al or (Méx) de través ( loc adv) diagonally

    través sustantivo masculino (desgracia, avatar) misfortune
    ♦ Locuciones: a través de, (pasando por en medio) through: lo escuché a través de la puerta, I heard it through the door
    nos abrimos camino a través de la maleza, we cleared a path through the scrub
    (por vía de) from, through: me enteré a través del periódico, I learnt it from the paper
    de través, crosswise
    ' través' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    campo
    - conectar
    - por
    - saludar
    - vía
    - giro
    English:
    across
    - agency
    - agent
    - catapult
    - cross
    - cross-country
    - employ
    - lighthouse
    - obtain
    - over
    - plough through
    - struggle on
    - thread
    - through
    - via
    - vicariously
    - age
    - hack
    - plow
    - scramble
    * * *
    ♦ a través de loc prep
    1. [medio] through;
    lo supe a través de Marta I learnt of it through o from Marta;
    se dirigen a sus clientes a través de Internet they communicate with their customers via the Internet;
    la difusión de la cultura a través de los libros the spreading o diffusion of culture through books
    2. [lugar] through;
    a través del cristal through the glass;
    la luz pasa a través de las rendijas the light passes o travels through the slits;
    a través de una línea telefónica over o through a telephone line
    3. [tiempo] over;
    los cambios sufridos a través de los años the changes there have been over the years;
    costumbres transmitidas a través de generaciones customs passed on o handed down over generations
    ♦ al través loc adv
    crossways
    ♦ de través loc adv
    1. [transversalmente] crossways, crosswise;
    una viga puesta de través a beam set crossways
    2. [de lado] crosswise, sideways;
    mirar de través to give a sidelong glance
    * * *
    m
    :
    a través de through;
    de través diagonally, crosswise;
    mirar de través look sideways at
    * * *
    1)
    a través de : across, through
    2)
    al través : crosswise, across
    3)
    de través : sideways
    * * *

    Spanish-English dictionary > través

  • 5 decurso

    m.
    1 course, succession of movement or time.
    2 vicissitude.
    * * *
    1 course
    * * *
    SM liter
    * * *
    ( frml)
    course
    en el decurso del presente año during the course of this year
    * * *
    en el decurso del tiempo in the course of time;
    en el decurso de los siglos over the centuries
    * * *
    m course;

    Spanish-English dictionary > decurso

  • 6 a través de los siglos

    Ex. India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.
    * * *

    Ex: India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.

    Spanish-English dictionary > a través de los siglos

  • 7 aparecer

    v.
    1 to appear (ante la vista).
    su número de teléfono no aparece en la guía her phone number isn't (listed) in the phone book
    Ricardo aparece al final siempre Richard appears at the end always.
    2 to turn up (algo perdido).
    ¿ya ha aparecido el perro? has the dog been found yet?
    3 to appear (person).
    4 to appear to, to appear in front of.
    Se me apareció una persona A person appeared to me.
    Me apareció un fantasma A ghost appeared to me.
    5 to encounter.
    Se nos apareció un problema We encountered a problem.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ AGRADECER], like link=agradecer agradecer
    1 to appear
    2 (dejarse ver) to show up, turn up
    3 (en el mercado) to come out (en, onto)
    1 to appear
    * * *
    verb
    1) to appear, turn up
    * * *
    1. VI
    1) (=presentarse) to appear, turn up *

    apareció en casa sin avisar — he appeared o turned up * at the house without warning

    2) [algo oculto] to appear, turn up *
    3) [algo perdido] to reappear, turn up *
    4) (=surgir) to appear
    5) (=editarse) [libro, disco] to come out
    6) (=figurar) [dato, nombre] to appear

    mi nombre no aparece en el censo electoral — my name does not appear on the electoral register, my name is not on the electoral register

    2.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    1)
    a) síntoma/mancha to appear
    b) objeto perdido to turn up
    c) ( en documento) to appear
    d) revista to come out; libro to come out, be published
    a) (fam) ( llegar) to appear, turn up
    b) (fam) ( dejarse ver) to appear, show up (colloq)
    c) (en película, televisión) to appear
    3) (liter) ( parecer) to seem
    2.
    aparecerse v pron
    a) fantasma/aparición
    b) (AmL fam) persona to turn up

    no te vuelvas a aparecer por aquí! — don't you dare show your face round here again!

    * * *
    = appear, become + available, come into + being, feature, give, occur, rise, pop up, show up, come into + existence, burgeon, surface, dawn, come through, come up, come with, come on the + scene, set in, crop up.
    Ex. The statement of authorship is also transcribed and it appears in the work.
    Ex. Mini and micro computers will become cheaper and information retrieval software will become available in more financially attractive, user friendly and tried and tested packages.
    Ex. I think it would be useful to take just a few minutes to talk about how our institutions come into being.
    Ex. If a corporate body is deemed to have some intellectual responsibility for the content of a work, then the name of that body will usually feature as a heading on either a main or added entry.
    Ex. An abstract of a bibliography can be expected to note whether author affiliations are given = Es de esperar que el resumen de una bibliografía indique si se incluyen los lugares de trabajo de los autores.
    Ex. In DOBIS/LIBIS, this occurs only when entering multiple surnames.
    Ex. The public library has two choices: to follow the dodo or to rise again like the phoenix.
    Ex. It can pop up in one form one week and in another form another week.
    Ex. Problems of community service seem to show up more clearly in the countryside.
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex. The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex. Power struggles are surfacing at major academic institutions across the USA.
    Ex. However, because of the long duration of feudal society, modern civilization, including modern libraries, dawned in China later than in the industrialized Western countries.
    Ex. More sophisticated accreditation systems are coming through, but these are currently relatively little used in these areas, and are more common in ecommerce applications.
    Ex. She outlined the tasks she had been assigned and mentioned that if any emergencies came up she was the person to bring them to.
    Ex. The problem comes with ideographic languages.
    Ex. This is the first CD price cut since the media format came on the scene in the 1980's.
    Ex. Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    Ex. Although same problems with software applications, hardware and user training programmes had cropped up periodically, on balance, users are reasonably pleased with their acquisitions.
    ----
    * aparece frecuentemente en = in evidence in.
    * aparecer amenazadoramente = rear + its head.
    * aparecer aquí y allá en = intersperse.
    * aparecer en abundancia = come out of + the woodwork.
    * aparecer en escena = hit + the scene.
    * aparecer en gran número = pour (in/into).
    * aparecer en la lejanía = loom.
    * aparecer impreso = appear + in print.
    * aparecer juntos = stand + together.
    * aparecer por primera vez = premiere.
    * aparecer por sí solo = stand on + Posesivo + own.
    * aparecer repentinamente = spring up.
    * aparecerse la virgen = land on + Posesivo + (own two) feet, strike + lucky, strike + gold, hit + the jackpot.
    * aparecer solo = stand + alone.
    * aparecer tarde = be a late arrival on the scene, be late on the scene.
    * aparecer y desaparecer = come and go.
    * hacer aparecer = cause + display of.
    * idea + aparecer = idea + surface.
    * los otros con los que aparece(n) = neighbours [neighbors, -USA].
    * no aparecer = be not included.
    * principio de archívese según aparece = file-as-is principle.
    * que no aparece en primer lugar = nonfirst [non-first].
    * sistema en el que el documento aparece representado en un único lugar del ín = one-place system.
    * tal y como aparece = as it/they stand(s).
    * volver a aparecer = resurface.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    1)
    a) síntoma/mancha to appear
    b) objeto perdido to turn up
    c) ( en documento) to appear
    d) revista to come out; libro to come out, be published
    a) (fam) ( llegar) to appear, turn up
    b) (fam) ( dejarse ver) to appear, show up (colloq)
    c) (en película, televisión) to appear
    3) (liter) ( parecer) to seem
    2.
    aparecerse v pron
    a) fantasma/aparición
    b) (AmL fam) persona to turn up

    no te vuelvas a aparecer por aquí! — don't you dare show your face round here again!

    * * *
    = appear, become + available, come into + being, feature, give, occur, rise, pop up, show up, come into + existence, burgeon, surface, dawn, come through, come up, come with, come on the + scene, set in, crop up.

    Ex: The statement of authorship is also transcribed and it appears in the work.

    Ex: Mini and micro computers will become cheaper and information retrieval software will become available in more financially attractive, user friendly and tried and tested packages.
    Ex: I think it would be useful to take just a few minutes to talk about how our institutions come into being.
    Ex: If a corporate body is deemed to have some intellectual responsibility for the content of a work, then the name of that body will usually feature as a heading on either a main or added entry.
    Ex: An abstract of a bibliography can be expected to note whether author affiliations are given = Es de esperar que el resumen de una bibliografía indique si se incluyen los lugares de trabajo de los autores.
    Ex: In DOBIS/LIBIS, this occurs only when entering multiple surnames.
    Ex: The public library has two choices: to follow the dodo or to rise again like the phoenix.
    Ex: It can pop up in one form one week and in another form another week.
    Ex: Problems of community service seem to show up more clearly in the countryside.
    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex: The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex: Power struggles are surfacing at major academic institutions across the USA.
    Ex: However, because of the long duration of feudal society, modern civilization, including modern libraries, dawned in China later than in the industrialized Western countries.
    Ex: More sophisticated accreditation systems are coming through, but these are currently relatively little used in these areas, and are more common in ecommerce applications.
    Ex: She outlined the tasks she had been assigned and mentioned that if any emergencies came up she was the person to bring them to.
    Ex: The problem comes with ideographic languages.
    Ex: This is the first CD price cut since the media format came on the scene in the 1980's.
    Ex: Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    Ex: Although same problems with software applications, hardware and user training programmes had cropped up periodically, on balance, users are reasonably pleased with their acquisitions.
    * aparece frecuentemente en = in evidence in.
    * aparecer amenazadoramente = rear + its head.
    * aparecer aquí y allá en = intersperse.
    * aparecer en abundancia = come out of + the woodwork.
    * aparecer en escena = hit + the scene.
    * aparecer en gran número = pour (in/into).
    * aparecer en la lejanía = loom.
    * aparecer impreso = appear + in print.
    * aparecer juntos = stand + together.
    * aparecer por primera vez = premiere.
    * aparecer por sí solo = stand on + Posesivo + own.
    * aparecer repentinamente = spring up.
    * aparecerse la virgen = land on + Posesivo + (own two) feet, strike + lucky, strike + gold, hit + the jackpot.
    * aparecer solo = stand + alone.
    * aparecer tarde = be a late arrival on the scene, be late on the scene.
    * aparecer y desaparecer = come and go.
    * hacer aparecer = cause + display of.
    * idea + aparecer = idea + surface.
    * los otros con los que aparece(n) = neighbours [neighbors, -USA].
    * no aparecer = be not included.
    * principio de archívese según aparece = file-as-is principle.
    * que no aparece en primer lugar = nonfirst [non-first].
    * sistema en el que el documento aparece representado en un único lugar del ín = one-place system.
    * tal y como aparece = as it/they stand(s).
    * volver a aparecer = resurface.

    * * *
    aparecer [E3 ]
    vi
    A
    1 «síntoma/mancha» to appear
    los carteles han aparecido en diversos puntos de la ciudad the posters have appeared in various parts of the city
    los tesoros arqueológicos que han ido apareciendo durante la excavación the archaeological treasures which have appeared o turned up during the dig
    2 «objeto perdido» to turn up
    ¿aparecieron tus llaves? have your keys turned up yet?
    hizo aparecer un ramo de flores he produced a bouquet of flowers
    3 (en un documento) to appear
    mi nombre no aparece en la lista my name doesn't appear on the list, my name isn't on the list
    una cara que aparece mucho en las portadas de las revistas a face that often appears o features on the covers of magazines
    4 «revista» to come out; «libro» to come out, be published
    B «persona»
    1 ( fam) (llegar) to appear, turn up, show up
    2 ( fam) (dejarse ver) to appear, show up ( colloq)
    no ha vuelto a aparecer por aquí he hasn't shown his face round here again
    3 (en un espectáculo) «personaje/actor» to appear
    apareció en dos o tres películas he was in o he appeared in two or three movies
    C ( liter) (parecer) to seem
    todo aparecía como un sueño borroso it all seemed like a hazy dream
    el programa de explotación aparecía oscuro the operating program did not seem clear
    ■ aparecer
    vt
    ( Méx) to produce, make … appear
    ■ aparecerse
    1 «fantasma/aparición»: aparecerse A algn; to appear TO sb
    su padre se le apareció en sueños his father appeared to him in his dreams
    2 ( AmL fam) «persona» to turn up
    se apareció de vaqueros she turned up o showed up in jeans
    ¡y no te vuelvas a aparecer por aquí! and don't you dare show your face round here again!
    * * *

     

    aparecer ( conjugate aparecer) verbo intransitivo
    1
    a) [síntoma/mancha] to appear





    d) [revista/libro] to come out

    2 [ persona]
    a) (fam) ( llegar) to appear, turn up

    b) (fam) ( dejarse ver) to appear, show up (colloq)

    c) (en película, televisión) to appear

    aparecerse verbo pronominal
    a) [fantasma/aparición] aparecerse a algn to appear to sb

    b) (AmL fam) [ persona] to turn up;

    ◊ ¡no te vuelvas a aparecer por aquí! don't you dare show your face round here again!

    aparecer
    1 verbo intransitivo
    1 to appear: su nombre aparece en los títulos de crédito, his name is on the credits
    2 (acudir alguien, encontrar algo perdido) to turn up: apareció con su hija, he turned up with his daughter
    el pasaporte apareció un mes más tarde, the passport turned up a week later
    ' aparecer' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    dejarse
    - sacar
    - salir
    - surgir
    - venir
    - amanecer
    - improviso
    English:
    alive
    - appear
    - arise
    - conjure
    - crop up
    - develop
    - listing
    - materialize
    - pop up
    - return
    - show
    - show up
    - sight
    - spring
    - surface
    - turn up
    - unaccounted
    - view
    - woodwork
    - emerge
    - mushroom
    - pop
    - reappear
    - roll
    - scene
    - turn
    - unaccounted for
    * * *
    ♦ vt
    Méx [presentar] to produce;
    inesperadamente Pedro apareció mis llaves Pedro quite unexpectedly produced my keys;
    el mago apareció un conejo de un sombrero the magician pulled a rabbit out of a hat
    ♦ vi
    1. [ante la vista] to appear;
    el sol apareció detrás de las murallas the sun appeared o came up from behind the city walls;
    aparecer de repente to appear from nowhere;
    el mago hizo aparecer un conejo de su chistera the magician pulled a rabbit out of his hat;
    su número de teléfono no aparece en la guía her phone number isn't (listed) in the phone book
    2. [publicación] to come out;
    la revista aparece los jueves the magazine comes out o is published on Thursdays
    3. [algo perdido] to turn up;
    ¿ya ha aparecido el perro? has the dog been found yet?;
    ha aparecido un cuadro inédito de Miró a previously unknown Miró painting has turned up o been discovered
    4. [persona] to appear;
    aparecer en público to appear in public;
    aparece en varias películas de Ford she appears in several of Ford's films;
    Fam
    aparecer por [lugar] to turn up at;
    Fam
    hace días que Antonio no aparece por el bar we haven't seen Antonio in the bar for days, it's several days since Antonio showed his face in the bar;
    Fam
    ¡a buenas horas apareces, ahora que ya hemos terminado! it's a bit late turning up now, we've already finished!;
    Fam
    ¡y no se te ocurra volver a aparecer por aquí! and don't let me see your face round here again!
    * * *
    v/i appear
    * * *
    aparecer {53} vi
    1) : to appear
    2) presentarse: to show up
    3) : to turn up, to be found
    * * *
    1. (en general) to appear
    2. (encontrarse) to turn up
    ¿ha aparecido tu cartera? has your wallet turned up?
    3. (figurar) to be
    4. (llegar) to show up [pt. showed; pp. shown]

    Spanish-English dictionary > aparecer

  • 8 crear

    v.
    1 to create.
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    Ricardo crea obras de arte Richard creates works of art.
    Ellas crean criaturas raras They create weird creatures.
    2 to invent.
    3 to found.
    4 to make, to make up.
    * * *
    1 (gen) to create
    2 (fundar) to found, establish; (partido) to set up
    3 (inventar) to invent
    1 to make, make for oneself
    2 (imaginarse) to imagine
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    VT
    1) (=hacer, producir) [+ obra, objeto, empleo] to create
    2) (=establecer) [+ comisión, comité, fondo, negocio, sistema] to set up; [+ asociación, cooperativa] to form, set up; [+ cargo, puesto] to create; [+ movimiento, organización] to create, establish, found

    ¿qué se necesita para crear una empresa? — what do you need in order to set up o start a business?

    aspiraban a crear un estado independiente — they aimed to create o establish o found an independent state

    3) (=dar lugar a) [+ condiciones, clima, ambiente] to create; [+ problemas] to cause, create; [+ expectativas] to raise

    el vacío creado por su muerte — the gap left o created by her death

    4) liter (=nombrar) to make, appoint
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.
    Ex. In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.
    Ex. The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex. National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex. In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex. The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex. The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex. This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex. Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex. Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex. By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex. There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex. In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex. MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex. The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex. The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex. The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex. Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex. Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    ----
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].
    * * *
    1.
    verbo transitivo
    1)
    a) <obra/modelo/tendencia> to create, < producto> to develop
    b) < sistema> to create, establish, set up; < institución> to set up, create; <comisión/fondo> to set up; < empleo> to create; < ciudad> to build
    2) <dificultades/problemas> to cause, create; <ambiente/clima> to create; <fama/prestigio> to bring; < reputación> to earn
    2.
    crearse v pron < problema> to create... for oneself
    * * *
    = design (for/to), construct, create, engender, establish, fashion, forge, form, invent, set up, compose, originate, bring into + being, mint, found, institute, come into + existence, mother, come up with.

    Ex: In lists designed for international use a symbolic notation instead of textual notes may be used.

    Ex: The objective in executing these three stages is to construct a document profile which reflects its subject = El propósito de llevar a cabo estas tres etapas es elaborar un perfil documental que refleje su materia.
    Ex: National agencies creating MARC records use national standards within their own country, and re-format records to UNIMARC for international exchange.
    Ex: In addition to problems with new subjects which lacked 'accepted' or established names, this guiding principle engendered inconsistency in the form of headings.
    Ex: The intention is to establish a general framework, and then to give exceptions or further explanation and examples for each area in turn.
    Ex: The preliminary discussions and proposals which led up to the AACR, did start out with an attempt to fashion an ideology, a philosophical context, for those rules.
    Ex: This article calls on libraries to forge a renewed national commitment to cooperate in the building of a national information network for scholarly communications.
    Ex: Formed in 1969, the first operational system was implemented in 1972-3.
    Ex: Frequently, but not always, this same process will have been attempted by the author when inventing the title, and this explains why the title is often a useful aid to indexing.
    Ex: By imposing a ban one is only likely to set up antagonism and frustration which will turn against the very thing we are trying to encourage.
    Ex: There have never been any attempts to compose a bibliography of US government documents relating to international law.
    Ex: In the 'office of the present', a document is usually produced by several people: someone, say an administrator or manager, who originates and checks it, a typist, who prepares the text, and a draughtsman or artist who prepares the diagrams.
    Ex: MARC was brought into being originally to facilitate the creation of LC catalogue cards.
    Ex: The article 'The newly minted MLS: what do we need to know today?' describes the skills which, ideally, every US library school graduate should possess at the end of the 1990s.
    Ex: The earliest community information service in Australia dates from as recently as 1958 when Citizens' Advice Bureaux, modelled on their British namesake, were founded in Perth = El primer servicio de información ciudadana de Australia es reciente y data de 1958 cuando se creó en Perth la Oficina de Información al Ciudadano, a imitación de su homónima británica.
    Ex: The librarians have instituted a series of campaigns, including displays and leaflets on specific issues, eg family income supplement, rent and rates rebates, and school grants.
    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex: Necessity mothers invention, and certainly invention in the presentation of books mothers surprised interest.
    Ex: Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    * crear adicción = be addictive.
    * crear alianzas = form + alliances, make + alliances.
    * crear apoyo = build + support.
    * crear canales para = establish + channels for.
    * crear con gran destreza = craft.
    * crear consenso = forge + consensus.
    * crear demanda = make + demand.
    * crear de nuevo = recreate [re-create].
    * crear desconfianza = create + distrust.
    * crear desesperación = yield + despair.
    * crear falsas ilusiones = create + false illusions.
    * crear interés = build + interest.
    * crear la ilusión = generate + illusion.
    * crear lazos = build up + links.
    * crear lazos afectivos = bond.
    * crear posibilidades = open + window, create + possibilities.
    * crear problemas = make + waves, build up + problems, make + trouble.
    * crear prototipos = prototype.
    * crear relaciones = structure + relationships.
    * crearse = build up, hew.
    * crearse el prestigio de ser = establish + a record as.
    * crear servidor web = put up + web site.
    * crearse una identidad = forge + identity.
    * crearse una vida = build + life.
    * crear una alianza = forge + alliance.
    * crear una base = form + a basis.
    * crear una buena impresión en = make + a good impression on.
    * crear una coalición = forge + coalition.
    * crear una colección = build + collection.
    * crear un acuerdo = work out + agreement.
    * crear una familia = have + a family.
    * crear una ilusión = create + illusion.
    * crear una imagen = build + an image, create + image, summon up + image.
    * crear una injusticia = create + injustice.
    * crear una marca de identidad = branding.
    * crear una ocasión = create + opportunity.
    * crear una preocupación = create + concern.
    * crear una situación = create + a situation.
    * crear un clima = promote + climate.
    * crear un comité = set up + committee.
    * crear un entorno = create + an environment.
    * crear un equilibrio = establish + a balance.
    * crear un fondo común de conocimientos = pool + knowledge.
    * crear un fondo común de experiencias profesionales = pool + expertise.
    * crear un grupo = set up + group.
    * crear un índice = generate + index.
    * crear un mercado para = produce + a market for.
    * crear un perfil = compile + profile, formulate + profile.
    * crear un servidor web = open up + web site.
    * crear vínculos = build up + links.
    * crear vínculos afectivos = bond.
    * oposición + crear = opposition + line up.
    * que crea adicción = addictive.
    * que crea hábito = addictive.
    * volver a crear = recreate [re-create].

    * * *
    crear [A1 ]
    vt
    A
    1 ‹obra/modelo› to create; ‹tendencia› to create
    crear una nueva imagen para el producto to create a new image for the product
    crearon un producto revolucionario they developed o created a revolutionary product
    2 ‹sistema› to create, establish, set up; ‹institución› to set up, create; ‹comisión/fondo› to set up; ‹empleo› to create
    crearon una ciudad en pleno desierto they built a city in the middle of the desert
    B ‹dificultades/problemas› to cause, create; ‹ambiente/clima› to create; ‹fama/prestigio› to bring; ‹reputación› to earn
    su arrogancia le creó muchas enemistades his arrogance made him many enemies
    no quiero crear falsas expectativas en mis alumnos I don't want to raise false hopes among my students, I don't want to give my students false hopes
    se crea muchas dificultades he creates o makes a lot of problems for himself
    ¿para qué te creas más trabajo? why make more work for yourself?
    será difícil llenar el vacío creado con su desaparición it will be difficult to fill the gap left by his death
    * * *

     

    crear ( conjugate crear) verbo transitivo
    to create;
    ‹ producto› to develop;
    ‹institución/comisión/fondo› to set up;
    ‹fama/prestigio› to bring;
    ‹ reputación› to earn;
    ◊ crea muchos problemas it causes o creates a lot of problems;

    no quiero crear falsas expectativas I don't want to raise false hopes
    crearse verbo pronominal ‹ problema› to create … for oneself;

    ‹ enemigos› to make
    crear verbo transitivo to create
    ' crear' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    falsificar
    - hacer
    - ilusionar
    - infundio
    - rompecabezas
    - constituir
    - formar
    - meter
    English:
    boat
    - bonding
    - create
    - fashion
    - never-never land
    - rapport
    - stage
    - afoot
    - develop
    - devise
    - disrupt
    - establish
    - illusion
    - set
    - you
    * * *
    ♦ vt
    1. [hacer, producir, originar] to create;
    crear empleo/riqueza to create jobs/wealth;
    han creado un nuevo ministerio para él they have created a new ministry for him;
    me crea muchos problemas it gives me a lot of trouble, it causes me a lot of problems;
    Picasso creó escuela Picasso's works have had a seminal influence
    2. [inventar] to invent;
    [poema, sinfonía] to compose, to write; [cuadro] to paint
    3. [fundar] to found
    * * *
    v/t create; empresa set up
    * * *
    crear vt
    1) : to create, to cause
    2) : to originate
    * * *
    crear vb
    1. (en general) to create
    2. (comité, empresa, etc) to set up

    Spanish-English dictionary > crear

  • 9 durante siglos

    = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries
    Ex. They have been through many hardships for aeons.
    Ex. A new study says global warming will continue for centuries, no matter what we do.
    Ex. India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.
    * * *
    = for aeons, for centuries, over the centuries

    Ex: They have been through many hardships for aeons.

    Ex: A new study says global warming will continue for centuries, no matter what we do.
    Ex: India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.

    Spanish-English dictionary > durante siglos

  • 10 fundarse

    1 (crearse) to be founded
    2 (teoría, afirmación) to be based (en, on); (persona) to base oneself (en, on)
    * * *
    VPR
    1) [institución, asociación, ciudad, revista] to be founded; [+ partido] to be founded, be established, be set up
    2) (=basarse)

    fundarse en — [teoría] to be based on, be founded on; [persona] to base o.s. on

    * * *
    (v.) = come into + existence
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    * * *
    (v.) = come into + existence

    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.

    * * *

    ■fundarse verbo reflexivo
    1 (establecimiento) to be founded
    2 (una sospecha, teoría) to be based
    (persona) to base oneself
    ' fundarse' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    estribar
    - apoyar
    - fundar
    English:
    start
    * * *
    vpr
    1. [basarse] to be based (en on);
    ¿en qué te fundas para decir eso? what grounds do you have for saying that?;
    su conclusión se funda en los resultados de su investigación her conclusion is based on the results of her research
    2. [crearse, establecerse] to be founded;
    en esa reunión se fundaron las bases de la Unión Europea at that meeting the foundations were laid for the European Union
    * * *
    v/r be based (en on)
    * * *
    vr
    fundarse en : to be based on, to stem from

    Spanish-English dictionary > fundarse

  • 11 grabados en acero

    Ex. Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.
    * * *

    Ex: Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.

    Spanish-English dictionary > grabados en acero

  • 12 patrimonio bibliográfico

    (n.) = documentary heritage, bibliographic heritage, published heritage, documented heritage
    Ex. The massive use of wood pulp to produce newspapers and books has made a large portion of the documentary heritage vulnerable, particularly to acidity.
    Ex. RECON is a tool for the future and aims to provide open access to the bibliographic heritage.
    Ex. The system of legal deposit ensures that Australia's published heritage is preserved for present and future generations.
    Ex. India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.
    * * *
    (n.) = documentary heritage, bibliographic heritage, published heritage, documented heritage

    Ex: The massive use of wood pulp to produce newspapers and books has made a large portion of the documentary heritage vulnerable, particularly to acidity.

    Ex: RECON is a tool for the future and aims to provide open access to the bibliographic heritage.
    Ex: The system of legal deposit ensures that Australia's published heritage is preserved for present and future generations.
    Ex: India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.

    Spanish-English dictionary > patrimonio bibliográfico

  • 13 patrimonio documental

    (n.) = documentary heritage, literary heritage, published heritage, documented heritage
    Ex. The massive use of wood pulp to produce newspapers and books has made a large portion of the documentary heritage vulnerable, particularly to acidity.
    Ex. The Library of America is a nonprofit publishing company whose mission is to renew and preserve the literary heritage of the USA.
    Ex. The system of legal deposit ensures that Australia's published heritage is preserved for present and future generations.
    Ex. India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.
    * * *
    (n.) = documentary heritage, literary heritage, published heritage, documented heritage

    Ex: The massive use of wood pulp to produce newspapers and books has made a large portion of the documentary heritage vulnerable, particularly to acidity.

    Ex: The Library of America is a nonprofit publishing company whose mission is to renew and preserve the literary heritage of the USA.
    Ex: The system of legal deposit ensures that Australia's published heritage is preserved for present and future generations.
    Ex: India has a documented heritage of stable family life and structure that has been able to withstand the vicissitudes over the centuries.

    Spanish-English dictionary > patrimonio documental

  • 14 policromático

    adj.
    polychromatic.
    * * *
    = polychromatic [poly-chromatic].
    Ex. Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.
    * * *
    = polychromatic [poly-chromatic].

    Ex: Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.

    Spanish-English dictionary > policromático

  • 15 polícromo

    adj.
    polychromatic, colored, many-colored, parti-colored.
    * * *
    ► adjetivo
    1 polychrome
    * * *
    - ma, polícromo -ma adjetivo polychrome
    * * *
    = polychromatic [poly-chromatic].
    Ex. Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.
    * * *
    - ma, polícromo -ma adjetivo polychrome
    * * *
    = polychromatic [poly-chromatic].

    Ex: Also discussed are plans printed by various technical processes over the centuries, such as copperplate and steel engravings, and modern poly-chromatic prints.

    * * *
    polychrome
    * * *
    policromo, -a, polícromo, -a adj
    polychromatic
    * * *
    adj polychrome

    Spanish-English dictionary > polícromo

  • 16 surgir

    v.
    1 to happen, to turn up, to come up, to occur.
    Algo surgió ayer Something happened yesterday.
    2 to rise, to stand out, to advance, to excel.
    Surgimos después de la quiebra We rose after the bankruptcy.
    3 to appear, to emerge, to arise, to bob up.
    Surgió un animal en la oscuridad An animal appeared in the darkness.
    4 to happen unexpectedly to, to happen to.
    Nos surgió algo bueno ayer Something good happened to us yesterday.
    5 to spurt, to spout, to spring up, to issue forth.
    El agua surge del manantial The water spurts from the spring.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ DIRIGIR], like link=dirigir dirigir
    1 (agua) to spring forth, spurt up
    2 figurado (aparecer - gen) to appear, emerge; (- dificultades) to crop up, arise, come up
    3 MARÍTIMO to anchor
    * * *
    verb
    to arise, emerge
    * * *
    VI
    1) (=aparecer) [gen] to arise, emerge, appear; [líquido] to spout, spout out, spurt; [barco] [en la niebla] to loom up; [persona] to appear unexpectedly
    2) [dificultad] to arise, come up, crop up
    3) (Náut) to anchor
    * * *
    verbo intransitivo
    a) manantial to rise
    b) (aparecer, salir) problema/dificultad to arise, come up, emerge; interés/sentimiento to develop, emerge; idea to emerge, come up; tema to come up, crop up; movimiento/partido to come into being, arise

    surgir DE algo: una silueta surgió de entre las sombras — a shape rose up from o loomed up out of the shadows

    * * *
    = arise, become + available, come into + being, crop up, emerge, rise, pop up, come into + existence, burgeon, surface, grow up, dawn, spring, come through, come up, come with, break out, burst forth, source, pop, set in.
    Ex. The place of publication may also warn of biases in approach or differences in terminology that arise in the text.
    Ex. Mini and micro computers will become cheaper and information retrieval software will become available in more financially attractive, user friendly and tried and tested packages.
    Ex. I think it would be useful to take just a few minutes to talk about how our institutions come into being.
    Ex. Although same problems with software applications, hardware and user training programmes had cropped up periodically, on balance, users are reasonably pleased with their acquisitions.
    Ex. In 1961 an International Conference on Cataloguing Principles was held in Paris, and a statement of principles emerged, which became known as the Paris Principles.
    Ex. The public library has two choices: to follow the dodo or to rise again like the phoenix.
    Ex. It can pop up in one form one week and in another form another week.
    Ex. Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex. The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex. Power struggles are surfacing at major academic institutions across the USA.
    Ex. In the 1920s and 30s factory libraries grew up in all types of industries, particularly textile industries, but their size and quality varied.
    Ex. However, because of the long duration of feudal society, modern civilization, including modern libraries, dawned in China later than in the industrialized Western countries.
    Ex. My point is that all literature, every example we can think of, depends for its existence on the tradition out of which it springs -- even the most avant of the avant-garde.
    Ex. More sophisticated accreditation systems are coming through, but these are currently relatively little used in these areas, and are more common in ecommerce applications.
    Ex. She outlined the tasks she had been assigned and mentioned that if any emergencies came up she was the person to bring them to.
    Ex. The problem comes with ideographic languages.
    Ex. Loud, unscripted quarrels between unshaven peasants break out in odd corners of the auditorium and add to the liveliness.
    Ex. It seems the passions of the people were only sleeping and burst forth with a terrible fury.
    Ex. What this has meant is that in the 20th century, ideas are being sourced from all over the globe; and at the speed oflight, so to speak.
    Ex. The azaleas are popping, the redbuds are in their finest attire, and the dogwoods are lacy jewels at the edge of the wood.
    Ex. Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    ----
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cuestión + surgir = issue + surface.
    * dificultad + surgir = difficulty + arise.
    * emergencia + surgir = emergency + arise.
    * idea + surgir = idea + come up.
    * oportunidad + surgir = opportunity + arise.
    * peligro + surgir = danger + arise.
    * prejuicio + surgir = prejudice + arise.
    * problema + surgir = problem + arise, problem + surface, problem + come with.
    * según surja la ocasión = as the occasion arises.
    * situación + surgir = situation + arise.
    * surgiendo de nuevas = on the rebound.
    * surgir amenazadoramente = rear + its head.
    * surgir de = arise out of, be rooted in, develop out of, emanate from, grow out of, stem from, spin off, come out of, spring off from, be born of.
    * surgir de nuevo = re-arise.
    * surgir de un modo confuso = grow + like Topsy.
    * surgir la circunstancia = circumstance + arise.
    * surgir malentendidos = arise + misunderstandings.
    * surgir sospechas = arise + suspicion.
    * surgir una complicación = arise + complication.
    * surgir una cuestión = issue + arise, arise + question.
    * surgir una dificultad = arise + difficulty.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * surgir una ocasión = occasion + arise.
    * surgir un defecto = arise + fault.
    * surgir un problema de credibilidad = credibility gap + arise.
    * * *
    verbo intransitivo
    a) manantial to rise
    b) (aparecer, salir) problema/dificultad to arise, come up, emerge; interés/sentimiento to develop, emerge; idea to emerge, come up; tema to come up, crop up; movimiento/partido to come into being, arise

    surgir DE algo: una silueta surgió de entre las sombras — a shape rose up from o loomed up out of the shadows

    * * *
    = arise, become + available, come into + being, crop up, emerge, rise, pop up, come into + existence, burgeon, surface, grow up, dawn, spring, come through, come up, come with, break out, burst forth, source, pop, set in.

    Ex: The place of publication may also warn of biases in approach or differences in terminology that arise in the text.

    Ex: Mini and micro computers will become cheaper and information retrieval software will become available in more financially attractive, user friendly and tried and tested packages.
    Ex: I think it would be useful to take just a few minutes to talk about how our institutions come into being.
    Ex: Although same problems with software applications, hardware and user training programmes had cropped up periodically, on balance, users are reasonably pleased with their acquisitions.
    Ex: In 1961 an International Conference on Cataloguing Principles was held in Paris, and a statement of principles emerged, which became known as the Paris Principles.
    Ex: The public library has two choices: to follow the dodo or to rise again like the phoenix.
    Ex: It can pop up in one form one week and in another form another week.
    Ex: Some university libraries have been built up over the centuries; others have come into existence over the last 40 years.
    Ex: The other principal omission from UNESCO's 1950 listing was report literature -- a field of published record which has burgeoned in the last thirty years = La otra omisión principal de la lista de 1950 de la UNESCO fueron los informes, un área que se ha desarrollado en los últimos treinta años.
    Ex: Power struggles are surfacing at major academic institutions across the USA.
    Ex: In the 1920s and 30s factory libraries grew up in all types of industries, particularly textile industries, but their size and quality varied.
    Ex: However, because of the long duration of feudal society, modern civilization, including modern libraries, dawned in China later than in the industrialized Western countries.
    Ex: My point is that all literature, every example we can think of, depends for its existence on the tradition out of which it springs -- even the most avant of the avant-garde.
    Ex: More sophisticated accreditation systems are coming through, but these are currently relatively little used in these areas, and are more common in ecommerce applications.
    Ex: She outlined the tasks she had been assigned and mentioned that if any emergencies came up she was the person to bring them to.
    Ex: The problem comes with ideographic languages.
    Ex: Loud, unscripted quarrels between unshaven peasants break out in odd corners of the auditorium and add to the liveliness.
    Ex: It seems the passions of the people were only sleeping and burst forth with a terrible fury.
    Ex: What this has meant is that in the 20th century, ideas are being sourced from all over the globe; and at the speed oflight, so to speak.
    Ex: The azaleas are popping, the redbuds are in their finest attire, and the dogwoods are lacy jewels at the edge of the wood.
    Ex: Open or compound fractures were usually fatal prior to the advent of antiseptics in the 1860s because infection would set in.
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cuestión + surgir = issue + surface.
    * dificultad + surgir = difficulty + arise.
    * emergencia + surgir = emergency + arise.
    * idea + surgir = idea + come up.
    * oportunidad + surgir = opportunity + arise.
    * peligro + surgir = danger + arise.
    * prejuicio + surgir = prejudice + arise.
    * problema + surgir = problem + arise, problem + surface, problem + come with.
    * según surja la ocasión = as the occasion arises.
    * situación + surgir = situation + arise.
    * surgiendo de nuevas = on the rebound.
    * surgir amenazadoramente = rear + its head.
    * surgir de = arise out of, be rooted in, develop out of, emanate from, grow out of, stem from, spin off, come out of, spring off from, be born of.
    * surgir de nuevo = re-arise.
    * surgir de un modo confuso = grow + like Topsy.
    * surgir la circunstancia = circumstance + arise.
    * surgir malentendidos = arise + misunderstandings.
    * surgir sospechas = arise + suspicion.
    * surgir una complicación = arise + complication.
    * surgir una cuestión = issue + arise, arise + question.
    * surgir una dificultad = arise + difficulty.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * surgir una ocasión = occasion + arise.
    * surgir un defecto = arise + fault.
    * surgir un problema de credibilidad = credibility gap + arise.

    * * *
    surgir [I7 ]
    vi
    1 «manantial» to rise
    un chorro surgía de entre las rocas water gushed from o spouted out from between the rocks
    2 (aparecer, salir) «problema/dificultad» to arise, come up, emerge; «interés/sentimiento» to develop, emerge; «idea» to emerge, come up
    han surgido impedimentos de última hora some last-minute problems have come up o arisen
    ¿y cómo surgió ese tema? and how did that subject come up o crop up?
    el amor que surgió entre ellos the love that sprang up between them
    surgir DE algo:
    una silueta surgió de entre las sombras a shape rose up from o loomed up out of the shadows
    de la familia han surgido muchos músicos the family has produced many musicians
    han surgido muchas empresas de este tipo a lot of companies of this kind have sprung up o emerged
    el movimiento surgió como respuesta a esta injusticia the movement came into being as a response to o arose in response to this injustice
    3 (desprenderse, deducirse) surgir DE algo:
    del informe surge que … the report shows that …
    ¿qué surge de todo esto? what can be deduced from all this?
    * * *

     

    surgir ( conjugate surgir) verbo intransitivo [ manantial] to rise;
    [problema/dificultad] to arise, come up, emerge;
    [interés/sentimiento] to develop, emerge;
    [ idea] to emerge, come up;
    [ tema] to come up, crop up;
    [movimiento/partido] to come into being, arise
    surgir verbo intransitivo
    1 (sobrevenir, aparecer) to arise, come up: surgió un imprevisto, something cropped up o came up
    una extraña figura surgió de la oscuridad, a strange shape loomed up out of the darkness
    2 (manar) to rise, spout out, spring forth
    ' surgir' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    brotar
    - plantearse
    - salir
    - venir
    - nacer
    English:
    arise
    - come up
    - crop up
    - emerge
    - spring up
    - come
    - crop
    - develop
    - grow
    - spring
    * * *
    surgir vi
    1. [brotar] to emerge, to spring;
    un manantial surgía entre las rocas a spring emerged among the rocks, water sprang from among the rocks
    2. [aparecer] to appear;
    surgió de detrás de las cortinas he emerged from behind the curtains;
    el rascacielos surgía entre los edificios del centro the skyscraper rose o towered above the buildings Br in the city centre o US downtown
    3. [producirse] to arise;
    se lo preguntaré si surge la ocasión I'll ask her if the opportunity arises;
    la idea surgió cuando… the idea occurred to him/her/ etc when…;
    nos surgieron varios problemas we ran into a number of problems;
    me han surgido varias dudas I have a number of queries;
    nos ha surgido una dificultad de última hora a last-minute difficulty has arisen o come up;
    están surgiendo nuevos destinos turísticos new tourist destinations are emerging o appearing;
    un banco surgido como resultado de la fusión de otros dos a bank that came into being o emerged as a result of the merger of two other banks;
    un movimiento surgido tras la guerra a movement which emerged after the war
    * * *
    v/i
    1 fig
    emerge; de problema tb come up
    2 de agua spout
    * * *
    surgir {35} vi
    : to rise, to arise, to emerge
    * * *
    surgir vb to come up [pt. came; pp. come] / to arise [pt. arose; pp. arisen]

    Spanish-English dictionary > surgir

  • 17 crédito roll over

    возобновляемый кредит, ролловерный кредит

    El diccionario Español-ruso económico > crédito roll over

  • 18 mercado over the counter

    проф. "параллельный" рынок ценных бумаг

    El diccionario Español-ruso económico > mercado over the counter

  • 19 crédito roll over

    сущ.
    экон. возобновляемый кредит, ролловерный кредит

    Испанско-русский универсальный словарь > crédito roll over

  • 20 mercado over the counter

    сущ.
    экон. "параллельный" рынок ценных бумаг

    Испанско-русский универсальный словарь > mercado over the counter

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