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post-transcriptional modification

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  • Post-transcriptional modification — is a process in cell biology by which, in eukaryotic cells, primary transcript RNA is converted into mature RNA. A notable example is the conversion of precursor messenger RNA into mature messenger RNA (mRNA), which includes splicing and occurs… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA-induced transcriptional silencing — (RITS) is a form of RNA interference by which short RNA molecules such as small interfering RNA (siRNA) trigger the downregulation of transcription of a particular gene or genomic region. This is usually accomplished by posttranslational… …   Wikipedia

  • Gene expression — For vocabulary, see Glossary of gene expression terms. For a non technical introduction to the topic, see Introduction to genetics. Genes are expressed by being transcribed into RNA, and this transcript may then be translated into protein. Gene… …   Wikipedia

  • Regulation of gene expression — Gene modulation redirects here. For information on therapeutic regulation of gene expression, see therapeutic gene modulation. For vocabulary, see Glossary of gene expression terms Diagram showing at which stages in the DNA mRNA protein pathway… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA interference — (RNAi) is a mechanism that inhibits gene expression at the stage of translation or by hindering the transcription of specific genes. RNAi targets include RNA from viruses and transposons (significant for some forms of innate immune response), and …   Wikipedia

  • Gene silencing — is a general term describing epigenetic processes of gene regulation. The term gene silencing is generally used to describe the switching off of a gene by a mechanism other than genetic modification. That is, a gene which would be expressed… …   Wikipedia

  • DNA methylation — Illustration of a DNA molecule that is methylated at the two center cytosines. DNA methylation plays an important role for epigenetic gene regulation in development and disease. DNA methylation is a biochemical process that is important for… …   Wikipedia

  • RNA — For other uses, see RNA (disambiguation). A hairpin loop from a pre mRNA. Highlighted are the nucleobases (green) and the ribose phosphate backbone (blue). Ribonucleic acid (English pronunciation: /raɪbɵ.njuːˌkleɪ.ɨk ˈæsɪd/), or RNA, is one of… …   Wikipedia

  • Polyadenylation — Typical structure of a mature eukaryotic mRNA Polyadenylation is the addition of a poly(A) tail to an RNA molecule. The poly(A) tail consists of multiple adenosine monophosphates; in other words, it is a stretch of RNA that has only adenine bases …   Wikipedia

  • Cell nucleus — HeLa cells stained for the cell nucleus DNA with the Blue Hoechst dye. The central and rightmost cell are in interphase, thus their entire nuclei are labeled. On the left, a cell is going through mitosis and its DNA has condensed ready for… …   Wikipedia

  • Molecular biology — (pronounced /məˈlɛkjʊlər .../) is the branch of biology that deals with the molecular basis of biological activity. This field overlaps with other areas of biology and chemistry, particularly genetics and biochemistry. Molecular biology… …   Wikipedia

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