Traducción: de espanol

thought-free

  • 1 esfuerzo

    m.
    1 effort.
    hacer esfuerzos, hacer un esfuerzo to make an effort, to try hard
    estoy haciendo esfuerzos por no llorar I'm trying hard not to cry
    haz un último esfuerzo, ya verás como ahora lo consigues make one last attempt, you'll do it this time!
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    2 strain.
    pres.indicat.
    1st person singular (yo) present indicative of spanish verb: esforzar.
    * * *
    1 effort, endeavour (US endeavor)
    2 (valor) courage, spirit
    \
    hacer un esfuerzo (físico) to make an effort, exert oneself 2 (moral) to try hard, strive
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    noun m.
    * * *
    SM
    1) [de fuerza física, intelectual] effort

    sin esfuerzo — effortlessly, without strain

    no hizo el más mínimo esfuerzo por agradar — he made absolutely no effort at all to be nice, he didn't make the slightest effort to be nice

    2) (=vigor) spirit, vigour, vigor (EEUU)
    3) (Mec) stress
    * * *
    masculino effort
    * * *
    = endeavour [endeavor, -USA], labour [labor, -USA], leg work, struggle, effort, toil, elbow grease.
    Ex. Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.
    Ex. An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex. DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex. The struggle to make the library an integral part of the educational process is a long-standing one which has yet to be resolved.
    Ex. For example, with such a system a change of the heading AEROPLANES -- ASSISTED TAKE-OFF in figure 7 would without further effort be reflected in the six associated cross-reference records.
    Ex. Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex. The window frames appeared to have not seen the light of day for over 50 years and were totally caked in dirt -- although with some elbow grease the window came up a treat.
    ----
    * ahorro de esfuerzo = savings in energy, savings in effort.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aunar esfuerzos = join + forces, coordinate + efforts, join + hands, pool + efforts, pull together.
    * compartir esfuerzos = share + efforts.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo = concentrate + effort, direct + effort, direct + energy, concentrate + Posesivo + energy.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo en = divert + effort into.
    * con mucho esfuerzo = painfully.
    * conseguir con esfuerzo = mine.
    * consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
    * coordinar esfuerzos = coordinate + efforts.
    * dedicación de esfuerzo = expenditure of effort.
    * dedicar el tiempo y el esfuerzo = take + the time and effort.
    * dedicar esfuerzo = expend + effort, spend + effort, devote + energy, give + effort.
    * dedicar todo el esfuerzo del mundo a = put + Posesivo + heart into.
    * demandar mucho esfuerzo por parte de Alguien = tax + Posesivo + imagination.
    * dirigir el esfuerzo = direct + effort, direct + energy.
    * duplicidad de esfuerzos = duplication of effort.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * en + Posesivo + esfuerzo de = in + Posesivo + quest for/to.
    * entrar hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * entrar sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * en un esfuerzo por = in an effort to.
    * esfuerzo cognitivo = cognitive overhead.
    * esfuerzo común = concerted effort.
    * esfuerzo conjunto = team effort.
    * esfuerzo de equipo = team effort.
    * esfuerzo denodado = strenuous effort.
    * esfuerzo físico = physical effort.
    * esfuerzo físico humano = human power.
    * esfuerzo + fracasar = effort + founder.
    * esfuerzo + hacer sudar = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * esfuerzo heroico = all out effort.
    * esfuerzo humano = human energy.
    * esfuerzo intelectual = cognitive overhead, intellectual effort.
    * esfuerzo inútil = wasted energy.
    * esfuerzo mental = cognitive overhead, mental effort.
    * esfuerzo sobrehumano = Herculean effort, Herculanian effort.
    * exigir esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * frustrar el esfuerzo = frustrate + effort.
    * ganar a Alguien sin apenas hacer ningún esfuerzo = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * hacer Algo con mucho esfuerzo = plod (along/through).
    * hacer el esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer el último esfuerzo = go + the last mile, go + the extra mile.
    * hacer grandes esfuerzos por = take + (great) pains to.
    * hacer un esfuerzo = make + effort.
    * hacer un gran esfuerzo = go out of + Posesivo + way to + Infinitivo.
    * invertir esfuerzo intelectual en = invest + Posesivo + thoughts in.
    * justificar el esfuerzo = justify + the effort.
    * llevar tiempo y esfuerzo = take + time and effort.
    * merecer la pena el esfuerzo = repay + effort.
    * mucho esfuerzo = hard work.
    * necesitar esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * no concentrar el esfuerzo = spread + Nombre + thinly.
    * poner esfuerzo = give + effort.
    * propulsado con el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered.
    * realizar esfuerzo = exert + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo = put forth + effort, make + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo común = make + a concerted effort.
    * redirigir el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * redirigir un esfuerzo = divert + impetus.
    * redoblar esfuerzos = redouble + efforts.
    * reducir el esfuerzo = reduce + effort.
    * reorientar el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * tener hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * tener sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * tirar dinero y esfuerzo por la borda = be money and effort down the drain.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * unir esfuerzos = join + hands.
    * vehículo propulsado por el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered vehicle.
    * * *
    masculino effort
    * * *
    = endeavour [endeavor, -USA], labour [labor, -USA], leg work, struggle, effort, toil, elbow grease.

    Ex: Eventually, it came to be recognized that the Classification Research Group's endeavours might be pertinent to the problem of alphabetical indexing.

    Ex: An editor is a person who prepares for publication an item not his own and whose labour may be limited to the preparation of the item for the manufacturer.
    Ex: DOBIS/LIBIS may replace the typewriter, the catalog card, and much leg work, but it cannot replace the decision-making capabilities of the library staff.
    Ex: The struggle to make the library an integral part of the educational process is a long-standing one which has yet to be resolved.
    Ex: For example, with such a system a change of the heading AEROPLANES -- ASSISTED TAKE-OFF in figure 7 would without further effort be reflected in the six associated cross-reference records.
    Ex: Furthermore, the computer can be used, and is already being used, to eliminate drudgery, busywork, and useless toil in library systems.
    Ex: The window frames appeared to have not seen the light of day for over 50 years and were totally caked in dirt -- although with some elbow grease the window came up a treat.
    * ahorro de esfuerzo = savings in energy, savings in effort.
    * aumentar el esfuerzo = increase + effort.
    * aunar esfuerzos = join + forces, coordinate + efforts, join + hands, pool + efforts, pull together.
    * compartir esfuerzos = share + efforts.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo = concentrate + effort, direct + effort, direct + energy, concentrate + Posesivo + energy.
    * concentrar el esfuerzo en = divert + effort into.
    * con mucho esfuerzo = painfully.
    * conseguir con esfuerzo = mine.
    * consumir esfuerzo = take up + energy.
    * coordinar esfuerzos = coordinate + efforts.
    * dedicación de esfuerzo = expenditure of effort.
    * dedicar el tiempo y el esfuerzo = take + the time and effort.
    * dedicar esfuerzo = expend + effort, spend + effort, devote + energy, give + effort.
    * dedicar todo el esfuerzo del mundo a = put + Posesivo + heart into.
    * demandar mucho esfuerzo por parte de Alguien = tax + Posesivo + imagination.
    * dirigir el esfuerzo = direct + effort, direct + energy.
    * duplicidad de esfuerzos = duplication of effort.
    * empezar a sudar por el esfuerzo = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * en + Posesivo + esfuerzo de = in + Posesivo + quest for/to.
    * entrar hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * entrar sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * en un esfuerzo por = in an effort to.
    * esfuerzo cognitivo = cognitive overhead.
    * esfuerzo común = concerted effort.
    * esfuerzo conjunto = team effort.
    * esfuerzo de equipo = team effort.
    * esfuerzo denodado = strenuous effort.
    * esfuerzo físico = physical effort.
    * esfuerzo físico humano = human power.
    * esfuerzo + fracasar = effort + founder.
    * esfuerzo + hacer sudar = work up + a sweat, work up + a lather.
    * esfuerzo heroico = all out effort.
    * esfuerzo humano = human energy.
    * esfuerzo intelectual = cognitive overhead, intellectual effort.
    * esfuerzo inútil = wasted energy.
    * esfuerzo mental = cognitive overhead, mental effort.
    * esfuerzo sobrehumano = Herculean effort, Herculanian effort.
    * exigir esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * frustrar el esfuerzo = frustrate + effort.
    * ganar a Alguien sin apenas hacer ningún esfuerzo = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * hacer Algo con mucho esfuerzo = plod (along/through).
    * hacer el esfuerzo necesario = pull + Posesivo + (own) weight.
    * hacer el último esfuerzo = go + the last mile, go + the extra mile.
    * hacer grandes esfuerzos por = take + (great) pains to.
    * hacer un esfuerzo = make + effort.
    * hacer un gran esfuerzo = go out of + Posesivo + way to + Infinitivo.
    * invertir esfuerzo intelectual en = invest + Posesivo + thoughts in.
    * justificar el esfuerzo = justify + the effort.
    * llevar tiempo y esfuerzo = take + time and effort.
    * merecer la pena el esfuerzo = repay + effort.
    * mucho esfuerzo = hard work.
    * necesitar esfuerzo = take + effort.
    * no concentrar el esfuerzo = spread + Nombre + thinly.
    * poner esfuerzo = give + effort.
    * propulsado con el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered.
    * realizar esfuerzo = exert + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo = put forth + effort, make + effort.
    * realizar un esfuerzo común = make + a concerted effort.
    * redirigir el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * redirigir un esfuerzo = divert + impetus.
    * redoblar esfuerzos = redouble + efforts.
    * reducir el esfuerzo = reduce + effort.
    * reorientar el esfuerzo = refocus + effort.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * tener hambre después del esfuerzo = work up + an appetite.
    * tener sed después del esfuerzo = work up + a thirst.
    * tirar dinero y esfuerzo por la borda = be money and effort down the drain.
    * trabajo y esfuerzo = toil and trouble.
    * unir esfuerzos = join + hands.
    * vehículo propulsado por el esfuerzo físico humano = human-powered vehicle.

    * * *
    por lo menos hizo el esfuerzo de ser amable at least he made an effort o tried to be friendly
    hay que hacer un esfuerzo de imaginación you have to use your imagination
    me costó muchos esfuerzos convencerlo it took a lot of effort to persuade him, I had a lot of trouble persuading him
    conseguía todo lo que quería sin esfuerzo she got everything she wanted quite effortlessly o without any effort
    2 ( Fís) effort
    * * *

     

    Del verbo esforzar: ( conjugate esforzar)

    esfuerzo es:

    1ª persona singular (yo) presente indicativo

    Multiple Entries:
    esforzar    
    esfuerzo
    esforzar ( conjugate esforzar) verbo transitivovoz/vista to strain
    esforzarse verbo pronominal:

    tienes que esfuerzote más you'll have to work harder;
    esfuerzose por o en hacer algo to strive to do sth
    esfuerzo sustantivo masculino
    effort;
    hizo el esfuerzo de ser amable he made an effort o tried to be friendly
    esforzar vtr (la vista, un músculo) to strain
    esfuerzo sustantivo masculino effort
    hacer un esfuerzo, to make an effort
    ♦ Locuciones: sin esfuerzo, effortlessly

    ' esfuerzo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    conquista
    - considerable
    - cuajar
    - desesperada
    - desesperado
    - difícil
    - economía
    - emplear
    - entregarse
    - facilidad
    - gratificar
    - hacer
    - inversión
    - invertir
    - lucir
    - lucha
    - mérito
    - molestarse
    - molestia
    - mucha
    - mucho
    - obra
    - paliza
    - para
    - penosa
    - penoso
    - premiar
    - premio
    - producto
    - renovar
    - rentable
    - rota
    - roto
    - sprint
    - sudor
    - titánica
    - titánico
    - trabajo
    - tute
    - baldío
    - común
    - conjunto
    - consagrar
    - costar
    - demasiado
    - desplegar
    - empeño
    - estéril
    - hazaña
    - intenso
    English:
    all-out
    - challenging
    - concerted
    - conscious
    - effort
    - effortless
    - endeavor
    - endeavour
    - exert
    - exertion
    - extraordinary
    - hard-won
    - heave
    - incessant
    - last-ditch
    - level
    - obstinate
    - out
    - puff
    - push
    - shatter
    - spurt
    - strain
    - strenuous
    - successful
    - sustain
    - swing
    - trouble
    - try
    - unsuccessful
    - vain
    - waste
    - work
    - worth
    * * *
    [físico, intelectual] effort;
    cualquier movimiento cuesta o [m5] supone un terrible esfuerzo any movement requires a huge effort;
    no hagas ningún esfuerzo, que el médico ha recomendado reposo don't exert yourself, the doctor has recommended rest;
    hacer esfuerzos, hacer un esfuerzo to make an effort, to try hard;
    estoy haciendo esfuerzos por no llorar I'm trying hard not to cry;
    hizo un esfuerzo por agradar he made an effort to be pleasant;
    haz un último esfuerzo, ya verás como ahora lo consigues make one last attempt, you'll do it this time!;
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    m effort;
    hacer un esfuerzo make an effort;
    sin esfuerzo effortlessly
    * * *
    1) : effort
    2) ánimo, vigor: spirit, vigor
    3)
    sin esfuerzo : effortlessly
    * * *
    esfuerzo n effort

    Spanish-English dictionary > esfuerzo

  • 2 estafador

    adj.
    swindling.
    m.
    swindler, con artist, cheat, cheater.
    * * *
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 racketeer, swindler, trickster
    * * *
    estafador, -a
    SM / F
    1) (=timador) swindler, trickster
    2) (Com, Econ) racketeer
    * * *
    - dora masculino, femenino
    a) (Der) fraudster
    b) (fam) ( timador) con man (colloq)
    * * *
    = con man, crook, swindler, cheater, fraudster, scammer, cuckoo in the nest, con artist, scamster, fraud, hoaxer, hoaxster.
    Ex. His supporters call him a 'smoothie', while his critics generally portray him as a 'glib con man'.
    Ex. The swindling & deception the immigrants encountered often preyed on their Zionist ideology & indeed, some of the crooks were Jewish themselves.
    Ex. The title of the book is 'Net crimes & misdemeanors: outmaneuvering the spammers, swindlers, and stalkers who are targeting you online'.
    Ex. Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    Ex. The article 'Keeping fraudsters in check' describes computerized systems now being developed to help combat fraud.
    Ex. Phishing (also known as phising or carding) is the practice whereby a scammer who is pretending to be from a legitimate organisation, sends misleading emails requesting personal and financial details from unsuspecting people.
    Ex. This type of relgion is a cuckoo in the nest that, in the name of secular society and pluralism, is pushing out all other gods.
    Ex. This unlikely threesome of a con artist, a hit man, and an idiot find themselves in deep water when their heist doesn't go off as planned.
    Ex. Small business operators can be easy prey for scamsters trying to winkle out money for unsolicited - and unneeded - 'services'.
    Ex. You know what they say, if it looks like a duck, walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it must be a duck, or in this case, a lying, stealing, cheating fraud.
    Ex. In a subsequent call the hoaxer suggested that another bomb had been planted on the highway leading to the airport.
    Ex. This recent tsunami is not the first disaster to be exploited by email hoaxsters.
    * * *
    - dora masculino, femenino
    a) (Der) fraudster
    b) (fam) ( timador) con man (colloq)
    * * *
    = con man, crook, swindler, cheater, fraudster, scammer, cuckoo in the nest, con artist, scamster, fraud, hoaxer, hoaxster.

    Ex: His supporters call him a 'smoothie', while his critics generally portray him as a 'glib con man'.

    Ex: The swindling & deception the immigrants encountered often preyed on their Zionist ideology & indeed, some of the crooks were Jewish themselves.
    Ex: The title of the book is 'Net crimes & misdemeanors: outmaneuvering the spammers, swindlers, and stalkers who are targeting you online'.
    Ex: Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    Ex: The article 'Keeping fraudsters in check' describes computerized systems now being developed to help combat fraud.
    Ex: Phishing (also known as phising or carding) is the practice whereby a scammer who is pretending to be from a legitimate organisation, sends misleading emails requesting personal and financial details from unsuspecting people.
    Ex: This type of relgion is a cuckoo in the nest that, in the name of secular society and pluralism, is pushing out all other gods.
    Ex: This unlikely threesome of a con artist, a hit man, and an idiot find themselves in deep water when their heist doesn't go off as planned.
    Ex: Small business operators can be easy prey for scamsters trying to winkle out money for unsolicited - and unneeded - 'services'.
    Ex: You know what they say, if it looks like a duck, walks like a duck, and quacks like a duck, then it must be a duck, or in this case, a lying, stealing, cheating fraud.
    Ex: In a subsequent call the hoaxer suggested that another bomb had been planted on the highway leading to the airport.
    Ex: This recent tsunami is not the first disaster to be exploited by email hoaxsters.

    * * *
    masculine, feminine
    1 ( Der) fraudster
    2 ( fam) (timador) con man ( colloq), rip-off artist ( AmE colloq), rip-off merchant ( BrE colloq)
    * * *

    estafador
    ◊ - dora sustantivo masculino, femenino

    a) (Der) fraudster

    b) (fam) ( timador) swindler (colloq)

    estafador,-ora sustantivo masculino y femenino swindler, con man: era un estafador sin escrúpulos, he was an unscrupulous con man
    ' estafador' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    estafadora
    - gancho
    - granuja
    - mangante
    - sinvergüenza
    English:
    cheat
    - con man
    - rope in
    - shark
    - swindler
    - con
    - hustler
    * * *
    estafador, -ora nm,f
    [timador] swindler; [de empresa, organización] fraudster
    * * *
    m, estafadora f con artist fam, fraudster
    * * *
    : cheat, swindler

    Spanish-English dictionary > estafador

  • 3 necesidad

    f.
    1 need.
    tenemos una urgente necesidad de espacio we are in urgent need of more space
    no hay necesidad de algo there's no need for something
    no hay necesidad de hacer algo there's no need to do something
    tener necesidad de algo to need something
    obedecer a la necesidad (de) to arise from the need (to)
    2 necessity.
    por necesidad out of necessity
    3 hunger (hambre).
    pasar necesidades to suffer hardship
    * * *
    1 necessity, need
    2 (hambre) hunger
    3 (pobreza) poverty, want
    \
    de necesidad essential
    hacer sus necesidades familiar to relieve oneself
    no hay necesidad de... there's no need to...
    pasar necesidades to be in need, suffer hardship
    * * *
    noun f.
    1) need, necessity
    2) poverty, want
    * * *
    SF
    1) (=urgencia)
    a)

    la necesidad de algo — the need for sth

    la necesidad de hacer algo — the need to do sth

    tener necesidad de algo — to need sth

    tienen necesidad urgente de ayuda alimenticia — they urgently need food aid, they are in urgent need of food aid

    y ¿qué necesidad tienes de irte a un hotel habiendo camas en casa? — why would you need to go to a hotel when there are spare beds at home?

    b)

    de necesidad, en caso de necesidad — in an emergency

    artículos o productos de primera necesidad — basic essentials, staple items

    c)

    por necesidad, tuve que aprenderlo por necesidad — I had to learn it out of necessity

    el que se llame John no significa que tenga que ser inglés por necesidad — the fact that he is called John does not necessarily mean that he is English

    d)

    sin necesidad, no corra riesgos sin necesidad — don't take unnecessary risks

    podemos llegar a un acuerdo sin necesidad de que intervenga el director — we can come to an agreement without any need for the director to intervene

    e) (=cosa necesaria) [personal] need; [objetiva] necessity

    para un representante un coche no es un lujo, es una necesidad — for a sales rep, a car is not a luxury, it's a necessity

    2) (=pobreza) need
    3) (=apuro) tight spot
    a) (=privaciones) hardships

    pasar necesidades — to suffer hardship o hardships

    b)
    * * *
    1)
    a) (urgencia, falta) need

    en caso de necesidad — if necessary, if need be

    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio — necessity is the mother of invention

    b) ( cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    2) ( pobreza) poverty, need
    3) necesidades femenino plural
    a) ( requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    b) ( privaciones) hardship
    c)

    hacer sus necesidades — (euf) to relieve oneself (euph)

    * * *
    = necessity, need, requirement, want, exigency, urge, necessity.
    Ex. The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.
    Ex. The need to become familiar with different command languages for different hosts is a considerable barrier to effective retrieval.
    Ex. The most appropriate type of abstract must be chosen in accordance with the requirements of each individual application.
    Ex. Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex. The LA dangles between short-term exigencies and long-term potentials, and a call for cuts in library school output is trying to cure symptoms rather than diseases.
    Ex. The urge to mechanize paper-making came at first as much from the papermakers' desire to free themselves from dependence upon their skilled but rebellious workmen as from the pursuit of production economies.
    Ex. Books may be useful to many people, but it is by no means common for them to be necessities.
    ----
    * adaptable a las necesidades del usuario = customisable [customizable, -USA].
    * adaptar a las necesidades de = tailor to + the needs of, gear to + the needs of.
    * adaptar a una necesidad = time to + need, suit + requirement.
    * adaptarse a una necesidad = suit + need.
    * adecuar a una necesidad = suit + purpose, tailor to + demand.
    * ahorrarse la necesidad de = circumvent + the need to.
    * amoldarse a las necesidades de = bend to + the needs of.
    * análisis de necesidades = needs assessment, needs analysis.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * atender a una necesidad = meet + need, speak to + need.
    * atender las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * atender una necesidad = address + need, cover + requirement, fulfil + requirement, serve + need.
    * comprobación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * comprobar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * confirmar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cubrir la mayoría de las necesidades = go + most of the way.
    * cubrir las necesidades de = provide for.
    * cubrir una necesidad = cover + need, meet + need, serve + need, fill + need, fulfil + need, speak to + need.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * diagnosticar las necesidades de = diagnose + needs.
    * dispositivo de ayuda a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive device.
    * eliminar la necesidad de = remove + the need for.
    * eludir la necesidad de = bypass + the need (for).
    * estrategia para enfrentarse a las necesidades diarias = coping strategy, coping skill.
    * estudiar una necesidad = analyse + need.
    * evaluación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * evaluación de necesidades = needs assessment.
    * evaluar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * existir una necesidad de = there + be + call for.
    * hacer frente a una necesidad = meet + need, serve + need.
    * hacer + Posesivo + necesidades = relieve + Reflexivo, go + potty.
    * hacer que Algo sea pertinente a las necesidades de Algo o Alguien = make + Nombre + relevant to.
    * insistir en la necesidad de = insist on + the necessity of, insist on + the need for.
    * justificar la necesidad de = justify + the case for.
    * la necesidad agudiza el ingenio = necessity mothers invention, necessity is the mother of invention.
    * librar de la necesidad de = relieve of + the necessity of, relieve of + the need to.
    * necesidad apremiante = desperate need.
    * necesidad corporal = bodily function.
    * necesidad de información = information need.
    * necesidad económica = economic necessity, economic need.
    * necesidades de espacio = space requirements.
    * necesidad extrema = dire need.
    * necesidad humana = human need.
    * necesidad imperiosa = desperate need.
    * necesidad informativa = information need.
    * necesidad urgente = desperate need, urgent need.
    * necesidad visceral = visceral need.
    * niño con necesidades especiales = special needs child.
    * no tener la necesidad de usar Algo = have + no use for.
    * orientado hacia unas necesidades = need oriented.
    * plantear la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * por necesidad = of necessity, out of necessity.
    * prever una necesidad = project + need.
    * producto de la necesidad = born of necessity.
    * provisiones de primera necesidad = basic provisions, basic goods.
    * que se concede en función de las necesidades económicas = means-tested.
    * quien no malgasta no pasa necesidades = waste not, want not.
    * recalcar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * regla de la necesidad = purpose rule.
    * resaltar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * resaltar la necesidad de = imprint + the need for.
    * resolver una necesidad = address + requirement.
    * responder a una necesidad = address + need.
    * satisfacer las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * satisfacer las necesidades de = provide for.
    * satisfacer una necesidad = match + need, match + requirement, meet + need, meet + requirement, satisfy + need, satisfy + requirement, accommodate + need, fulfil + need.
    * sentir la necesidad de = feel + need for, feel + the need to, get + the urge to.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * tecnología adaptada a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive technology.
    * una necesidad cada vez mayor = a growing need.
    * verse en la necesidad = be constrained to.
    * verse en la necesidad de = be left with the need to.
    * verse en la necesidad urgente de = be hard pressed.
    * * *
    1)
    a) (urgencia, falta) need

    en caso de necesidad — if necessary, if need be

    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio — necessity is the mother of invention

    b) ( cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    2) ( pobreza) poverty, need
    3) necesidades femenino plural
    a) ( requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    b) ( privaciones) hardship
    c)

    hacer sus necesidades — (euf) to relieve oneself (euph)

    * * *
    = necessity, need, requirement, want, exigency, urge, necessity.

    Ex: The main inconveniences of item record indexes arise from the necessity of searching the entire file.

    Ex: The need to become familiar with different command languages for different hosts is a considerable barrier to effective retrieval.
    Ex: The most appropriate type of abstract must be chosen in accordance with the requirements of each individual application.
    Ex: Several possible rules governing the reference interview are examined; one calls for inquiry into client's underlying wants, 'the face value rule', another for inquiry into underlying needs, 'the purpose rule'.
    Ex: The LA dangles between short-term exigencies and long-term potentials, and a call for cuts in library school output is trying to cure symptoms rather than diseases.
    Ex: The urge to mechanize paper-making came at first as much from the papermakers' desire to free themselves from dependence upon their skilled but rebellious workmen as from the pursuit of production economies.
    Ex: Books may be useful to many people, but it is by no means common for them to be necessities.
    * adaptable a las necesidades del usuario = customisable [customizable, -USA].
    * adaptar a las necesidades de = tailor to + the needs of, gear to + the needs of.
    * adaptar a una necesidad = time to + need, suit + requirement.
    * adaptarse a una necesidad = suit + need.
    * adecuar a una necesidad = suit + purpose, tailor to + demand.
    * ahorrarse la necesidad de = circumvent + the need to.
    * amoldarse a las necesidades de = bend to + the needs of.
    * análisis de necesidades = needs assessment, needs analysis.
    * apoyar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * atender a una necesidad = meet + need, speak to + need.
    * atender las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * atender una necesidad = address + need, cover + requirement, fulfil + requirement, serve + need.
    * comprobación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * comprobar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * confirmar la necesidad de = endorse + the need (for/to).
    * cuando le surja la necesidad = at + Posesivo + time of need.
    * cubrir la mayoría de las necesidades = go + most of the way.
    * cubrir las necesidades de = provide for.
    * cubrir una necesidad = cover + need, meet + need, serve + need, fill + need, fulfil + need, speak to + need.
    * defender la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * defender la necesidad de = support + the case for.
    * diagnosticar las necesidades de = diagnose + needs.
    * dispositivo de ayuda a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive device.
    * eliminar la necesidad de = remove + the need for.
    * eludir la necesidad de = bypass + the need (for).
    * estrategia para enfrentarse a las necesidades diarias = coping strategy, coping skill.
    * estudiar una necesidad = analyse + need.
    * evaluación de las necesidades económicas = means-testing, means test.
    * evaluación de necesidades = needs assessment.
    * evaluar las necesidades económicas = means test.
    * existir una necesidad de = there + be + call for.
    * hacer frente a una necesidad = meet + need, serve + need.
    * hacer + Posesivo + necesidades = relieve + Reflexivo, go + potty.
    * hacer que Algo sea pertinente a las necesidades de Algo o Alguien = make + Nombre + relevant to.
    * insistir en la necesidad de = insist on + the necessity of, insist on + the need for.
    * justificar la necesidad de = justify + the case for.
    * la necesidad agudiza el ingenio = necessity mothers invention, necessity is the mother of invention.
    * librar de la necesidad de = relieve of + the necessity of, relieve of + the need to.
    * necesidad apremiante = desperate need.
    * necesidad corporal = bodily function.
    * necesidad de información = information need.
    * necesidad económica = economic necessity, economic need.
    * necesidades de espacio = space requirements.
    * necesidad extrema = dire need.
    * necesidad humana = human need.
    * necesidad imperiosa = desperate need.
    * necesidad informativa = information need.
    * necesidad urgente = desperate need, urgent need.
    * necesidad visceral = visceral need.
    * niño con necesidades especiales = special needs child.
    * no tener la necesidad de usar Algo = have + no use for.
    * orientado hacia unas necesidades = need oriented.
    * plantear la necesidad = articulate + the need.
    * por necesidad = of necessity, out of necessity.
    * prever una necesidad = project + need.
    * producto de la necesidad = born of necessity.
    * provisiones de primera necesidad = basic provisions, basic goods.
    * que se concede en función de las necesidades económicas = means-tested.
    * quien no malgasta no pasa necesidades = waste not, want not.
    * recalcar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * regla de la necesidad = purpose rule.
    * resaltar la necesidad = stress + the need.
    * resaltar la necesidad de = imprint + the need for.
    * resolver una necesidad = address + requirement.
    * responder a una necesidad = address + need.
    * satisfacer las necesidades = provide for + needs.
    * satisfacer las necesidades de = provide for.
    * satisfacer una necesidad = match + need, match + requirement, meet + need, meet + requirement, satisfy + need, satisfy + requirement, accommodate + need, fulfil + need.
    * sentir la necesidad de = feel + need for, feel + the need to, get + the urge to.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * surgir una necesidad = need + arise.
    * tecnología adaptada a usuarios con necesidades especiales = assistive technology.
    * una necesidad cada vez mayor = a growing need.
    * verse en la necesidad = be constrained to.
    * verse en la necesidad de = be left with the need to.
    * verse en la necesidad urgente de = be hard pressed.

    * * *
    A
    1 (urgencia, falta) need
    en caso de necesidad me lo prestará she'll lend it to me if necessary o if need be
    una imperiosa necesidad an urgent o a pressing need
    tengo necesidad de unas vacaciones I'm in need of o I need a break
    ¿qué necesidad hay de decírselo? do we/you have to tell her?, is there any need to tell her?
    no hay necesidad de que se entere there's no need for her to know
    subrayó la necesidad de que permaneciera secreto he emphasized the need for it to remain secret
    hacer de la necesidad virtud to make a virtue of necessity
    la necesidad tiene cara de hereje beggars can't be choosers
    la necesidad hace maestros or aguza el ingenio necessity is the mother of invention
    2 (cosa necesaria) necessity, essential
    no es un lujo sino una necesidad it is not a luxury but a necessity o an essential
    B (pobreza) poverty, need
    viven en la necesidad they live in poverty, they are very poor o needy
    la necesidad lo impulsó a robar he stole out of necessity o need, poverty drove him to steal
    su muerte los dejó en la más absoluta necesidad his death left them in extreme poverty
    C
    (inevitabilidad): tienen que hacer transbordo en Irún por necesidad you have no alternative but to change trains at Irún
    1 (requerimientos) needs (pl), requirements (pl)
    no podremos satisfacer sus necesidades we will be unable to meet your requirements o needs
    2 (privaciones) hardship
    sufrieron or pasaron muchas necesidades they suffered a great deal of hardship
    3
    hacer sus necesidades ( euf); to relieve oneself ( euph)
    saca al perro a hacer sus necesidades take the dog out to do his business ( euph)
    se hace sus necesidades encima he dirties o soils himself ( euph)
    * * *

     

    necesidad sustantivo femenino
    1
    a) (urgencia, falta) need;


    en caso de necesidad if necessary, if need be


    2
    necesidades sustantivo femenino plural




    c)


    necesidad sustantivo femenino
    1 necessity, need: sentí la necesidad de abrazarla, I felt the need to hug her
    tengo necesidad de llorar, I need to cry
    por necesidad, of necessity
    2 (dificultad económica) hardship: pasan mucha necesidad, they suffer hardship
    ' necesidad' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    acuciante
    - caso
    - haber
    - primera
    - primero
    - remediar
    - saciar
    - satisfacer
    - sueño
    - apremiante
    - artículo
    - creciente
    - cubrir
    - por
    - resaltar
    - tener
    English:
    basic
    - consuming
    - crying
    - demand
    - desperate
    - must
    - necessity
    - need
    - neediness
    - of
    - overwhelming
    - pinch
    - requirement
    - sore
    - staple
    - want
    * * *
    1. [en general] need;
    discutieron la necesidad de detener la violencia they discussed the need to stop the violence;
    en esta oficina tenemos una urgente necesidad de espacio we are in urgent need of more space in this office;
    no veo la necesidad de darle un premio I don't see any reason to give him a prize;
    nos recordaron la necesidad de ser discretos they reminded us of the need for discretion;
    no hay necesidad de que se lo digas there's no need for you to tell her;
    obedecer a la necesidad (de) to arise from the need (to);
    necesidad perentoria urgent need;
    puedes hablarme, sin necesidad de gritar there's no need to shout;
    se puede comer sin necesidad de calentarlo previamente can be eaten cold, needs no preheating;
    2. [obligación] necessity;
    por necesidad out of necessity;
    3. [hambre] hunger;
    [pobreza] poverty, need;
    pasar necesidades to suffer hardship;
    la necesidad la obligó a mendigar poverty forced her to beg
    4. Euf
    tengo que hacer mis necesidades I have to answer a call of nature;
    ya estoy harto de que los perros de los vecinos se hagan sus necesidades en la escalera I'm fed up of neighbours' dogs doing their business on the stairs
    * * *
    f
    1 need;
    en caso de necesidad if necessary;
    por necesidad out of necessity;
    hacer de la necesidad virtud make a virtue out of a necessity
    2 ( cosa esencial) necessity;
    3
    :
    hacer sus necesidades fam relieve o.s.
    4
    :
    pasar necesidades suffer hardship
    * * *
    1) : need, necessity
    2) : poverty, want
    3) necesidades nfpl
    : hardships
    4)
    hacer sus necesidades : to relieve oneself
    * * *
    1. (falta) need
    2. (cosa esencial) necessity [pl. necessities]
    3. (pobreza) poverty

    Spanish-English dictionary > necesidad

  • 4 ninguno

    pron.
    1 no one, none, nobody, not a single one.
    2 none, none of it.
    * * *
    1 no, not any
    1 (persona) nobody, no one
    2 (objeto) not any, none
    \
    ninguna cosa nothing
    ninguno,-a de nosotros (ellos etc) none of us (them etc) Table 1 NOTA See also ningún/Table 1
    * * *
    1. (f. - ninguna)
    adj.
    no, none
    2. (f. - ninguna)
    pron.
    1) none
    3) no one, no other
    * * *
    1.
    ADJ [con verbo negativo en inglés] any; [con verbo afirmativo en inglés] no

    no practica ningún deporte — he doesn't do any sport, he does no sport

    2. PRON
    1) [entre más de dos] [con verbo negativo en inglés] any; [con verbo afirmativo en inglés] none

    -¿cuál te gusta? -ninguno — "which one do you like?" - "none of them"

    ninguno de: no me creo ninguna de sus historias — I don't believe any of his stories

    2) [entre dos] [con verbo negativo en inglés] either; [con verbo afirmativo en inglés] neither

    ninguno de los dos equipos pasará a la finalneither of the teams o neither team will get through to the final

    3) (=nadie) nobody, no-one
    NINGUNO Adjetivo Se traduce por any si el verbo va en forma negativa y por no si el verbo va en forma afirmativa. En general es más frecuente usar not + any (salvo como sujeto, posición en la que se debe emplear no), ya que no se utiliza normalmente con carácter más enfático: No tengo ninguna pregunta I haven't got any questions No se ha cometido ningún delito No crime has been committed No fui a ningún sitio I didn't go anywhere No hay ningún peligro There is no danger, There isn't any danger Hay que tener en cuenta que el sustantivo que sigue a any va en plural si es contable, como en el primer ejemplo. ► Con palabras que poseen un sentido negativo tales como hardly, without y never hay que utilizar any: Conseguí hacerlo sin ninguna ayuda I managed to do it without any help Pronombre El uso de los pronombres any y none sigue las mismas pautas que los adjetivos any y no, ya que se emplea preferiblemente la forma any con verbos en forma negativa y none si la forma es afirmativa, e igualmente se prefiere la forma none para la posición de sujeto: No quiero ninguno de estos I don't want any of these No me gusta ninguno de ellos I don't like any of them No queda ninguno There are none left No va a venir ninguno de sus amigos None of her friends is o are coming Si el verbo va detrás de none puede ir tanto en singular como en plural. ► En lugar de none y any, si ninguno se refiere a dos personas o cosas se emplea neither y either, siguiendo las mismas reglas anotadas anteriormente: Ninguno de los dos equipos está jugando bien Neither of the teams o Neither team is playing well No conozco a ninguno de los dos I don't know either of them El verbo va en singular si sigue a neither. Para otros usos y ejemplos ver la entrada see ALGUNO, ALGO
    * * *
    I

    no lo encuentro por ningún lado or ninguna parte — I can't find it anywhere

    no es tonta, pero tampoco es ninguna lumbrera — she's not stupid, but she's no genius either

    II
    - na pronombre
    2) ( nadie) nobody, no-one
    * * *
    = none.
    Ex. None of the entries in the system is specific.
    ----
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * bajo ninguna circunstancia = under no/any circumstances.
    * bajo ningún concepto = on no account, not on any account, under no/any circumstances.
    * como en casa no se está en ningún sitio = there's no place like home.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = prove + beyond all doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, prove + beyond all doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * de ninguna forma = in any way at all.
    * de ninguna manera = at all, in any sense of the word, not at all, under no/any circumstances, on no account, not on any account, in any way at all.
    * !de ninguna manera! = Not on your life!, over + Posesivo + dead body.
    * de ninguna otra forma = in any other way.
    * de ningún modo = by no means, in no way, on no account, in no sense, by any means, not at all, under no/any circumstances, in any shape or form, for the life of me, not on any account, by no stretch of the imagination.
    * en ninguna parte = nowhere.
    * en ningún lugar = nowhere.
    * en ningún momento = at no time, at no time, anywhere along the line.
    * en ningún sentido de la palabra = in any sense of the word.
    * en ningún sitio = anywhere along the line, nowhere.
    * ganar sin ninguna dificultad = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * más allá de ninguna duda = beyond doubt.
    * más que ninguna otra cosa = beyond all else.
    = no one, not... any.
    Ex. No one catalogue can satisfy all the requirements of all users simultaneously.
    Ex. Right now it would not win any great prize for alphabetization.
    ----
    * ninguna otra persona = no one else.
    * ninguna probabilidad = fat chance.
    * ningún + Nombre = no + Nombre, no single + Nombre, no two + Nombre.
    * ningún + Nombre + del mundo = all + Nombre + in the world.
    * ninguno de los dos = neither, neither of them.
    * ningún otro = no other.
    * no concebirse desde ningún punto de vista = be impossible under any hypothesis.
    * no dar ningún resultado = give + zero results, be of no avail, be to no avail.
    * no dejar ninguna duda = leave + no doubt.
    * no existir ningún indicio de que = there + be + no sign of.
    * no hacer ninguna gracia = not take + kindly to.
    * no hacer ningún cambio = stand + pat.
    * no llevar a ninguna parte = achieve + nothing, achieve + nothing, go + nowhere.
    * no llevar a ningún fin = fart + in the wind.
    * no llevar a ningún sitio = go + nowhere.
    * no ser ningún jovencito = be no chicken.
    * no tener ningún escrúpulo en = have + no qualms about.
    * no tener ningún fundamento = not have a leg to stand on.
    * no tener ningún interés = can't/couldn't be bothered.
    * no tener ningún problema con = be okay with.
    * no tener ningún remilgo en = have + no qualms about.
    * no tener ningún reparo = have + no qualms about.
    * que no posee ninguna conexión = disjoint.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, without cost, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * si no hay ningún contratiempo = all being well.
    * si no ocurre ningún imprevisto = all (other) things being equal.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * tan bueno como ningún otro = as good as any.
    * * *
    I

    no lo encuentro por ningún lado or ninguna parte — I can't find it anywhere

    no es tonta, pero tampoco es ninguna lumbrera — she's not stupid, but she's no genius either

    II
    - na pronombre
    2) ( nadie) nobody, no-one
    * * *
    = none.

    Ex: None of the entries in the system is specific.

    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * bajo ninguna circunstancia = under no/any circumstances.
    * bajo ningún concepto = on no account, not on any account, under no/any circumstances.
    * como en casa no se está en ningún sitio = there's no place like home.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = prove + beyond all doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, prove + beyond all doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * de ninguna forma = in any way at all.
    * de ninguna manera = at all, in any sense of the word, not at all, under no/any circumstances, on no account, not on any account, in any way at all.
    * !de ninguna manera! = Not on your life!, over + Posesivo + dead body.
    * de ninguna otra forma = in any other way.
    * de ningún modo = by no means, in no way, on no account, in no sense, by any means, not at all, under no/any circumstances, in any shape or form, for the life of me, not on any account, by no stretch of the imagination.
    * en ninguna parte = nowhere.
    * en ningún lugar = nowhere.
    * en ningún momento = at no time, at no time, anywhere along the line.
    * en ningún sentido de la palabra = in any sense of the word.
    * en ningún sitio = anywhere along the line, nowhere.
    * ganar sin ninguna dificultad = beat + Nombre + hands down, win + hands down.
    * más allá de ninguna duda = beyond doubt.
    * más que ninguna otra cosa = beyond all else.
    = no one, not... any.
    Ex: No one catalogue can satisfy all the requirements of all users simultaneously.
    Ex: Right now it would not win any great prize for alphabetization.
    * ninguna otra persona = no one else.
    * ninguna probabilidad = fat chance.
    * ningún + Nombre = no + Nombre, no single + Nombre, no two + Nombre.
    * ningún + Nombre + del mundo = all + Nombre + in the world.
    * ninguno de los dos = neither, neither of them.
    * ningún otro = no other.
    * no concebirse desde ningún punto de vista = be impossible under any hypothesis.
    * no dar ningún resultado = give + zero results, be of no avail, be to no avail.
    * no dejar ninguna duda = leave + no doubt.
    * no existir ningún indicio de que = there + be + no sign of.
    * no hacer ninguna gracia = not take + kindly to.
    * no hacer ningún cambio = stand + pat.
    * no llevar a ninguna parte = achieve + nothing, achieve + nothing, go + nowhere.
    * no llevar a ningún fin = fart + in the wind.
    * no llevar a ningún sitio = go + nowhere.
    * no ser ningún jovencito = be no chicken.
    * no tener ningún escrúpulo en = have + no qualms about.
    * no tener ningún fundamento = not have a leg to stand on.
    * no tener ningún interés = can't/couldn't be bothered.
    * no tener ningún problema con = be okay with.
    * no tener ningún remilgo en = have + no qualms about.
    * no tener ningún reparo = have + no qualms about.
    * que no posee ninguna conexión = disjoint.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, without cost, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * si no hay ningún contratiempo = all being well.
    * si no ocurre ningún imprevisto = all (other) things being equal.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * tan bueno como ningún otro = as good as any.

    * * *
    ninguno1 -na
    (see note under ningún) [ Grammar notes (Spanish) ]
    no prestó ninguna atención he paid no attention, he didn't pay any attention
    en ningún momento never, at no time
    no lo encuentro por ningún lado or ninguna parte I can't find it anywhere
    no hay ningún problema there's no problem
    no le dio ninguna importancia he didn't consider it to be important, he didn't attach any importance to it
    no es tonta, pero tampoco es ninguna lumbrera she's not stupid, but she's no genius either
    (uso enfático): no hay problema ninguno there's absolutely no problem
    ninguno2 -na
    A [ Grammar notes (Spanish) ] (refiriéndosea dos personas o cosas) neither; (— a más de dos) none
    ninguno de los dos vino or no vino ninguno de los dos neither of them came
    no trajo ninguno de los dos she didn't bring either of them
    se le presentaron tres alternativas pero ninguna le pareció aceptable he was presented with three options but he found none of them acceptable o he didn't find any of them acceptable
    le dije que comprara dos/cinco y no compró ninguno I told her to buy two/five and she didn't buy any
    empezó cuatro libros y no terminó ninguno he started four books and didn't finish any (of them) o didn't finish one (of them)
    de las siete personas que entrevistaron ninguna tenía experiencia none of the seven people they interviewed had any experience, of the seven people they interviewed none had any experience
    se fue sin que ninguno de nosotros se diera cuenta she left without any of us realizing
    B (nadie) nobody, no-one
    ninguno me dijo nada nobody o no one told me anything
    toca mejor que ninguno he plays better than anybody o anyone
    * * *

     

    ninguno
    ◊ -na adjetivo (see note under ningún)



    en ningún momento never;
    no lo encuentro por ningún lado I can't find it anywhere


    ■ pronombre

    (— a más de dos) none;

    no trajo ninguno de los dos she didn't bring either of them;
    ninguno de nosotros la conoce none of us know her

    ninguno,-a
    I adjetivo
    1 no: no tienes ninguna vergüenza, you have no shame
    (con otro negativo) not... any: no queda ninguna galleta, there aren't any biscuits left
    de ninguna manera, no way
    en ningún momento, never
    por/en ninguna parte, nowhere
    2 (intensificador) no es ningún maníaco, he isn't a maniac at all
    no es ninguna extraña, she is no stranger
    II pron
    1 (persona) no one: él tiene un hermano y yo ninguno, he has a brother and I don't
    (referido a dos personas) neither: ninguno de nosotros (dos) tiene hermanas, neither of us has a sister
    (referido a un grupo) ninguno vino a misa, none of them came to mass
    (nadie) nobody, no one: ninguno lo sabía, nobody knew it
    2 (objeto) yo tengo una oportunidad, pero él ninguna, I have a chance, but he has none
    (referido a dos objetos) neither: ninguno es útil, neither is useful
    (referido a un grupo) ninguno era rojo, none of them was red
    no quiso ninguno, she didn't want any of them ➣ Ver nota en neither
    ' ninguno' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    maldita
    - maldito
    - ningún
    - ninguna
    - alimento
    English:
    any
    - anybody
    - either
    - elderly
    - neither
    - no
    - none
    - them
    - whatever
    * * *
    ninguno, -a Ningún is used instead of ninguno before singular masculine nouns (e.g. ningún hombre no man).
    adj
    1. [antes de sustantivo] no;
    no se dio ninguna respuesta no answer was given;
    no tengo ningún interés en hacerlo I've no interest in doing it, I'm not at all interested in doing it;
    no tengo ningún hijo/ninguna buena idea I don't have any children/any good ideas;
    no lo veo por ninguna parte I can't see it anywhere;
    no tiene ninguna gracia it's not funny;
    en ningún momento at no time;
    yo no soy ningún mendigo, ¿sabe usted? I'm not a beggar, you know;
    ¿tijeras? yo no veo ningunas tijeras scissors? I can't see any scissors;
    no tengo ningunas ganas de ir I don't feel like going at all
    2. [después de sustantivo] [enfático]
    no es molestia ninguna it's no trouble
    pron
    [cosa] none, not any; [persona] nobody, no one;
    ninguno funciona none of them works;
    no hay ninguno there aren't any, there are none;
    ninguno lo sabrá no one o nobody will know;
    ninguno de none of;
    ninguno de ellos/nosotros none of them/us;
    ninguno de los dos neither of them o of the two;
    no me gusta ninguno de los dos I don't like either of them
    * * *
    adj no;
    no hay ninguna razón there’s no reason why, there isn’t any reason why
    * * *
    no es ninguna tonta: she's no fool
    no debe hacerse en ningún momento: that should never be done
    ninguno, -na pron
    1) : neither, none
    ninguno de los dos ha vuelto aún: neither one has returned yet
    2) : no one, no other
    te quiero más que a ninguna: I love you more than any other
    * * *
    ninguno pron
    1. none
    2. nobody
    ¿ninguno quiere venir? doesn't anybody want to come?
    3. neither

    Spanish-English dictionary > ninguno

  • 5 pensar

    m.
    1 thinking.
    2 thinking, way of thinking.
    v.
    1 to think.
    pensar en algo/en alguien/en hacer algo to think about something/about somebody/about doing something
    piensa en un número/buen regalo think of a number/good present
    dar que pensar a alguien to give somebody food for thought
    no pienses mal… don't get the wrong idea…
    pensar mal de alguien to think badly o ill of somebody
    pensar algo de alguien/algo to think something of somebody/something
    pienso que no vendrá I don't think she'll come
    Esa chica piensa That girls thinks.
    2 to think about or over (reflexionar sobre).
    ahora que lo pienso,… come to think of it,…, now that I think about it…
    cuando menos lo pienses, te llamarán they'll call you when you least expect it
    3 to think up.
    4 to plan to, to be planning to, to be thinking about, to intend to.
    Yo pienso viajar I am planning to travel.
    5 to consider, to have in mind.
    Yo pienso muchas cosas I think about many things.
    * * *
    Conjugation model [ ACERTAR], like link=acertar acertar
    1 (gen) to think (en, of/about)
    2 (considerar) to consider, think (en, about)
    3 (creer) to think, think about
    4 (opinar) to think (de, about)
    5 (decidir) to decide
    6 (tener la intención) to intend to, plan, think of
    1 to think about
    \
    ¡ni pensarlo! no way! don't even think about it!
    pensar bien/mal de alguien to think well/badly of somebody
    sin pensar without thinking
    * * *
    verb
    * * *
    1. VT
    1) (=opinar) to think

    pensar de, ¿qué piensas de ella? — what do you think of her?

    ¿qué piensas del aborto? — what do you think about abortion?

    pensar queto think that

    -¿piensas que van a venir? -pienso que sí — "do you think they'll come?" - "I think so"

    dice que las mujeres no tendrían que trabajar, yo pienso que sí — he says women shouldn't work, I think they should

    2) (=considerar) to think about, think over

    lo pensaré — I'll think about it, I'll think it over

    pensándolo bien... — on second thoughts..., on reflection...

    ¡ni pensarlo! — no way! *

    3) (=decidir)

    pensar que — to decide that, come to the conclusion that...

    he pensado que no vale la pena — I've decided that it's not worth it, I've come to the conclusion that it's not worth it

    4) (=tener la intención de)

    pensar hacer algo — to intend to do sth

    no pensaba salirI wasn't intending o planning to go out

    5) (=concebir) to think up

    ¿quién pensó este plan? — who thought this plan up?, whose idea was this plan?

    6) (=esperar)
    2. VI
    1) (=tener ideas) to think

    pensar en algo/algn — to think about sth/sb

    ¿en qué piensas? — what are you thinking about?

    pensar para sí — to think to o.s.

    dar que pensar, el hecho de que no llamara a la policía da que pensar — the fact that she didn't call the police makes you think

    dar que pensar a la gente — to set people thinking, arouse suspicions

    sin pensar — without thinking

    pensar sobre algo — to think about sth

    pensar con los pies —

    2)

    pensar bien de algo/algn — to think well of sth/sb

    pensar mal de algo/algn — to think ill of sth/sb

    ¡no pienses mal! — don't be nasty!

    ¡siempre pensando mal! — what a nasty mind you've got!

    3) (=aspirar)

    pensar en algo — to aim at sth

    3.
    See:
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    a) ( razonar) to think

    después de mucho pensar... — after much thought...

    a ver si piensas con la cabeza y no con los pies — (fam & hum) come on, use your head o your brains!

    pensé para mí or para mis adentros — I thought to myself

    pensar EN algo/alguien — to think about something/somebody

    b) ( esperar) to expect

    cuando menos se piensa... — just when you least expect it...

    c) ( creer) to think

    pensar mal/bien de alguien — to think ill o badly/well of somebody

    dar que or hacer pensar: un libro que da mucho que pensar or que hace pensar mucho a very thought-provoking book; su amabilidad me dio que pensar his friendliness made me think o set me thinking; piensa mal y acertarás — if you think the worst, you won't be far wrong

    2.
    pensar vt
    1)
    a) (creer, opinar) to think

    es mejor pensar que todo saldrá bienit's better to believe o think that things will turn out all right in the end

    no vaya a pensar que... — I wouldn't want you thinking o to think that...

    ¿qué piensas del divorcio/del jefe? — what do you think about divorce/the boss?

    b) ( considerar) to think about

    ¿lo has pensado bien? — have you thought it through o thought about it carefully?

    pensándolo bien,... — on second thought(s) o thinking about it,...

    y pensar que...! — (and) to think that...!

    ni pensarlo! or ni lo pienses! — no way! (colloq), not on your life! (colloq)

    c) (Col) < persona> to think about

    pensar + INF — to think of -ing, to plan to + inf

    ¿piensas ir? — are you thinking of going?, are you planning to go?

    3.
    pensarse v pron (enf) (fam) <decisión/respuesta> to think about

    es como para pensárselo — I/you will need to give it some careful thought

    * * *
    = believe, contemplate, feel, occur, think out, think, opine, give + (some) thought to, take + view, there + be + strong feeling, take + thought, teeter + on the edge of, come up with, look to.
    Ex. The preferred citation order should be that order which is believed to match the approach of many users who can be expected to retrieve information on the topic.
    Ex. These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex. Some feel that the non-expressive nature of the notation limits the scheme's usefulness in computerised data bases.
    Ex. Various desirable features will be incorporated into a package which may not occur to the new user as being of importance.
    Ex. A recitation of the best thought out principles for a cataloging code is easily drowned out by the clatter of a bank of direct access devices vainly searching for misplaced records.
    Ex. Whether the juxtaposition of language with literature is as weighty an advantage as has on occasion been claimed is, I think, debatable.
    Ex. Such techniques, she opined, emphasize production over people.
    Ex. I encourage the reader to give thought to the longer case studies that have appeared in the library press.
    Ex. There are those, sometimes found in the corridors of power, who would take such a view.
    Ex. Furthermore there is a strong feeling amongst the journalists that information retrieval is not part of their job but should be carried out by trained librarians.
    Ex. This an example of an interesting kind of genre that one encounters without taking any thought for it.
    Ex. We would like to encourage other institutions who have been teetering on the edge of implementation to get on their running shoes and go for it.
    Ex. Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    Ex. If you're looking to refinish and waterproof some outdoor furniture you might want to consider using teak oil.
    ----
    * actuar sin pensar = shoot from + the hip.
    * ahora que pienso... = while I think of it....
    * comenzar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * conocer cómo piensa Alguien = get + inside the mind of.
    * dar mucho en qué pensar = give + Nombre + much to think about, give + Nombre + a lot to think about.
    * deber pensarse = thought + must be given.
    * decir lo que Uno piensa = speak up.
    * de pensar en = at the thought of.
    * detenerse a pensar = pause + to think, step back, take + a step back.
    * detenerse a pensar en = spare + a thought for.
    * echarse a temblar con sólo pensar en = shudder at + the thought of.
    * empezar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * es lo que yo pienso = my two cents' worth.
    * forma de pensar = thinking, belief system, set of opinions, mode of thought, mode of thinking.
    * generalmente + pensarse que = be/have generally held that.
    * hablar sin pensar = shoot from + the hip.
    * hacer pensar = provoke + thought, make to + think, lull + Nombre + into thinking, summon up + image.
    * hacer pensar en = conjure, conjure up + a picture of, bring to + mind, conjure up + an image of, conjure up, conjure up + a vision of.
    * hay que pensar en el futuro = the show must go on.
    * hay razones para pensar que = there + be + reason to believe that.
    * hay suficientes motivos para pensar que = there + be + every reason to think that.
    * manera de pensar = way of thinking.
    * modo de pensar = thinking, way of thinking, mindset [mind-set], mode of thought, mode of thinking.
    * ¡ni pensarlo! = over + Posesivo + dead body.
    * no importar lo que + pensar de = whatever + Pronombre + make of.
    * no pensar en otra cosa que = be wrapped up in.
    * no pensar más en Algo = dismiss from + Posesivo + mind.
    * no pensar más que en = be wrapped up in.
    * nunca + pensar = thought never + enter + Posesivo + head.
    * pararse a pensar = pause + to think, step back, take + a step back.
    * pensaba(n) = once thought.
    * pensar a lo grande = think + big.
    * pensar ante todo en uno mismo = look after + number one.
    * pensar creativamente = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar de forma creativa = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar del mismo modo = think + alike.
    * pensar detenidamente = be carefully considered.
    * pensar de un modo diferente = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar en = come into + the mind, have + in mind, reflect (on), think of, toy with, toy with + idea of, spare + a thought for, flirt with + the idea of.
    * pensar en Algo/Alguien = give + Nombre + (some/more) thought.
    * pensar en el pasado = look back.
    * pensar en/sobre = think about.
    * pensar en suicidarse = contemplate + suicide.
    * pensar en una idea = think up + idea.
    * pensar en una solución = come up with + solution.
    * pensar en voz alta = think + aloud, think + out loud.
    * pensar intensamente = think + hard.
    * pensar pausadamente en = linger over.
    * pensar que = share + the view that, Posesivo + feeling is that.
    * pensarse = make out to be.
    * pensárselo dos veces = think + twice.
    * pensar un momento en = spare + a thought for.
    * ponerse a temblar con sólo pensar en = shudder at + the thought of.
    * que da que pensar = sobering.
    * que se piensa = perceived.
    * ser de los que piensan que = subscribe to + view.
    * ser lo último en lo que + pensar = be the last thing of + Posesivo + mind.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * tener fundamento para pensar que = have + reason to believe that.
    * tener razones para pensar que = have + reason to believe that.
    * ver lo que Alguien realmente piensa = see into + Posesivo + heart.
    * * *
    1.
    verbo intransitivo
    a) ( razonar) to think

    después de mucho pensar... — after much thought...

    a ver si piensas con la cabeza y no con los pies — (fam & hum) come on, use your head o your brains!

    pensé para mí or para mis adentros — I thought to myself

    pensar EN algo/alguien — to think about something/somebody

    b) ( esperar) to expect

    cuando menos se piensa... — just when you least expect it...

    c) ( creer) to think

    pensar mal/bien de alguien — to think ill o badly/well of somebody

    dar que or hacer pensar: un libro que da mucho que pensar or que hace pensar mucho a very thought-provoking book; su amabilidad me dio que pensar his friendliness made me think o set me thinking; piensa mal y acertarás — if you think the worst, you won't be far wrong

    2.
    pensar vt
    1)
    a) (creer, opinar) to think

    es mejor pensar que todo saldrá bienit's better to believe o think that things will turn out all right in the end

    no vaya a pensar que... — I wouldn't want you thinking o to think that...

    ¿qué piensas del divorcio/del jefe? — what do you think about divorce/the boss?

    b) ( considerar) to think about

    ¿lo has pensado bien? — have you thought it through o thought about it carefully?

    pensándolo bien,... — on second thought(s) o thinking about it,...

    y pensar que...! — (and) to think that...!

    ni pensarlo! or ni lo pienses! — no way! (colloq), not on your life! (colloq)

    c) (Col) < persona> to think about

    pensar + INF — to think of -ing, to plan to + inf

    ¿piensas ir? — are you thinking of going?, are you planning to go?

    3.
    pensarse v pron (enf) (fam) <decisión/respuesta> to think about

    es como para pensárselo — I/you will need to give it some careful thought

    * * *
    = believe, contemplate, feel, occur, think out, think, opine, give + (some) thought to, take + view, there + be + strong feeling, take + thought, teeter + on the edge of, come up with, look to.

    Ex: The preferred citation order should be that order which is believed to match the approach of many users who can be expected to retrieve information on the topic.

    Ex: These details are primarily useful as a record of expenditure or to organisations or individuals contemplating the purchase of a work.
    Ex: Some feel that the non-expressive nature of the notation limits the scheme's usefulness in computerised data bases.
    Ex: Various desirable features will be incorporated into a package which may not occur to the new user as being of importance.
    Ex: A recitation of the best thought out principles for a cataloging code is easily drowned out by the clatter of a bank of direct access devices vainly searching for misplaced records.
    Ex: Whether the juxtaposition of language with literature is as weighty an advantage as has on occasion been claimed is, I think, debatable.
    Ex: Such techniques, she opined, emphasize production over people.
    Ex: I encourage the reader to give thought to the longer case studies that have appeared in the library press.
    Ex: There are those, sometimes found in the corridors of power, who would take such a view.
    Ex: Furthermore there is a strong feeling amongst the journalists that information retrieval is not part of their job but should be carried out by trained librarians.
    Ex: This an example of an interesting kind of genre that one encounters without taking any thought for it.
    Ex: We would like to encourage other institutions who have been teetering on the edge of implementation to get on their running shoes and go for it.
    Ex: Derfer corroborated her: 'I'd be very proud of you if you could come up with the means to draft a model collection development policy'.
    Ex: If you're looking to refinish and waterproof some outdoor furniture you might want to consider using teak oil.
    * actuar sin pensar = shoot from + the hip.
    * ahora que pienso... = while I think of it....
    * comenzar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * conocer cómo piensa Alguien = get + inside the mind of.
    * dar mucho en qué pensar = give + Nombre + much to think about, give + Nombre + a lot to think about.
    * deber pensarse = thought + must be given.
    * decir lo que Uno piensa = speak up.
    * de pensar en = at the thought of.
    * detenerse a pensar = pause + to think, step back, take + a step back.
    * detenerse a pensar en = spare + a thought for.
    * echarse a temblar con sólo pensar en = shudder at + the thought of.
    * empezar a pensar en = turn + Posesivo + mind to.
    * es lo que yo pienso = my two cents' worth.
    * forma de pensar = thinking, belief system, set of opinions, mode of thought, mode of thinking.
    * generalmente + pensarse que = be/have generally held that.
    * hablar sin pensar = shoot from + the hip.
    * hacer pensar = provoke + thought, make to + think, lull + Nombre + into thinking, summon up + image.
    * hacer pensar en = conjure, conjure up + a picture of, bring to + mind, conjure up + an image of, conjure up, conjure up + a vision of.
    * hay que pensar en el futuro = the show must go on.
    * hay razones para pensar que = there + be + reason to believe that.
    * hay suficientes motivos para pensar que = there + be + every reason to think that.
    * manera de pensar = way of thinking.
    * modo de pensar = thinking, way of thinking, mindset [mind-set], mode of thought, mode of thinking.
    * ¡ni pensarlo! = over + Posesivo + dead body.
    * no importar lo que + pensar de = whatever + Pronombre + make of.
    * no pensar en otra cosa que = be wrapped up in.
    * no pensar más en Algo = dismiss from + Posesivo + mind.
    * no pensar más que en = be wrapped up in.
    * nunca + pensar = thought never + enter + Posesivo + head.
    * pararse a pensar = pause + to think, step back, take + a step back.
    * pensaba(n) = once thought.
    * pensar a lo grande = think + big.
    * pensar ante todo en uno mismo = look after + number one.
    * pensar creativamente = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar de forma creativa = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar del mismo modo = think + alike.
    * pensar detenidamente = be carefully considered.
    * pensar de un modo diferente = think out(side) + (of) the box.
    * pensar en = come into + the mind, have + in mind, reflect (on), think of, toy with, toy with + idea of, spare + a thought for, flirt with + the idea of.
    * pensar en Algo/Alguien = give + Nombre + (some/more) thought.
    * pensar en el pasado = look back.
    * pensar en/sobre = think about.
    * pensar en suicidarse = contemplate + suicide.
    * pensar en una idea = think up + idea.
    * pensar en una solución = come up with + solution.
    * pensar en voz alta = think + aloud, think + out loud.
    * pensar intensamente = think + hard.
    * pensar pausadamente en = linger over.
    * pensar que = share + the view that, Posesivo + feeling is that.
    * pensarse = make out to be.
    * pensárselo dos veces = think + twice.
    * pensar un momento en = spare + a thought for.
    * ponerse a temblar con sólo pensar en = shudder at + the thought of.
    * que da que pensar = sobering.
    * que se piensa = perceived.
    * ser de los que piensan que = subscribe to + view.
    * ser lo último en lo que + pensar = be the last thing of + Posesivo + mind.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * tener fundamento para pensar que = have + reason to believe that.
    * tener razones para pensar que = have + reason to believe that.
    * ver lo que Alguien realmente piensa = see into + Posesivo + heart.

    * * *
    pensar [A5 ]
    vi
    1 (razonar) to think
    pienso, luego existo I think, therefore I am
    no entiendo su manera de pensar I don't understand his way of thinking
    después de mucho pensar decidió no aceptar la oferta after much thought she decided not to accept the offer
    déjame pensar let me think
    siempre actúa sin pensar he always does things without thinking
    ¡pero piensa un poco! just think about it a minute!
    a ver si piensas con la cabeza y no con los pies ( fam hum); come on, use your head o your brains!
    es una película que hace pensar it's a thought-provoking movie, it's a movie that makes you think
    pensar EN algo/algn to think ABOUT sth/sb
    ¿en qué piensas? or ¿en qué estás pensando? what are you thinking about?
    ahora mismo estaba pensando en ti I was just thinking about you
    tú nunca piensas en mí you never think about o of me
    actúa sin pensar en las consecuencias she acts without thinking about o considering the consequences
    piensa en el futuro/tus padres think of o about the future/your parents
    se pasa la vida pensando en el pasado she spends all her time thinking about the past
    sólo piensa en comer/divertirse all he thinks about is eating/having fun
    es mejor pensar en que todo saldrá bien it's better to believe o think that things will turn out all right in the end
    no quiero pensar en lo que habría ocurrido I don't even want to think o contemplate what would have happened
    2 (esperar) to expect
    cuando menos se piensa puede cambiar la suerte just when you least expect it your luck can change
    3 (creer) to think
    pensar mal/bien de algn to think ill o badly/well of sb
    es un desconfiado, siempre piensa mal de los demás he's really distrustful, he always thinks the worst of others
    dar que pensar: un libro que da mucho que pensar a very thought-provoking book, a book which provides plenty of food for thought o which makes you think
    su repentina amabilidad me dio que pensar his sudden friendliness made me think o set me thinking
    las prolongadas ausencias de su hija le dieron que pensar his daughter's prolonged absences aroused his suspicions
    piensa mal y acertarás if you think the worst, you won't be far wrong
    ■ pensar
    vt
    A
    1 (creer, opinar) to think
    pensé que la habías olvidado I thought you had forgotten it
    pienso que no I don't think so
    pienso que sí I think so
    yo pienso que sí, que deberíamos ayudarla personally, I think we should help her
    eso me hace pensar que quizás haya sido él that makes me think that perhaps it was him
    ¡tal como yo pensé! just as I thought!
    no vaya a pensar que somos unos malagradecidos I wouldn't want you thinking o to think that we're ungrateful
    no es tan tonto como piensas he's not as stupid as you think
    - esto se pone feo -pensó Juan this is getting unpleasant, thought Juan
    - es un estúpido -pensé para mis adentros he's so stupid, I thought to myself
    ¿qué piensas del divorcio? what do you think about divorce?, what are your views on divorce?
    ¿qué piensas del nuevo jefe? what do you think of the new boss?
    2 (considerar) to think about
    aún no lo sé, lo pensaré I don't know yet, I'll think about it
    ¿sabes lo que estás haciendo? ¿lo has pensado bien? do you know what you're doing? have you thought it through o have you thought about it carefully o have you given it careful thought?
    piénsalo bien antes de decidir think it over before you decide
    pensándolo bien, no creo que pueda on second thought(s) o thinking about it, I don't think I can
    ¡pensar que ni siquiera nos dio las gracias …! to think he never even thanked us!
    sólo de pensarlo me pongo a temblar just thinking about it makes me start trembling
    ¡ni pensarlo! or ¡ni lo pienses! no way! ( colloq), not on your life! ( colloq)
    no lo pienses dos veces don't think twice about it
    3 ( Col) ‹persona› to think about
    B (tener la intención de) pensar + INF to think OF -ING
    tú no estarás pensando irte a vivir con él ¿no? you're not thinking of going to live with him, are you?
    ¿piensas ir? are you thinking of going?, are you planning to go?
    no pienso esperar más de diez minutos I don't intend waiting o I don't intend to wait more than ten minutes
    tengo pensado hacerlo mañana I'm planning to do it tomorrow
    pensamos estar de vuelta antes del domingo we expect o plan to be back before Sunday
    mañana pensaba quedarme en casa I was thinking of staying at home tomorrow
    ( enf) ( fam); ‹decisión/respuesta› to think about
    tómate unos días para pensártelo take a few days to think about it o to think it over
    aún no lo sé, me lo voy a pensar I don't know yet, I'm going to think about it
    esto hay que pensárselo dos veces this needs to be thought through o given some (careful) thought
    * * *

     

    pensar ( conjugate pensar) verbo intransitivo
    to think;
    después de mucho pensar … after much thought …;

    actuó sin pensar he did it without thinking;
    pensé para mí or para mis adentros I thought to myself;
    pensar EN algo/algn to think about sth/sb;
    cuando menos se piensa … just when you least expect it …;
    pensar mal/bien de algn to think ill o badly/well of sb;
    dar que or hacer pensar a algn to make sb think
    verbo transitivo
    1
    a) (creer, opinar) to think;


    ¿qué piensas del divorcio/del jefe? what do you think about divorce/the boss?


    piénsalo bien antes de decidir think it over before you decide;
    pensándolo bien, … on second thought(s) o thinking about it, …;
    ¡y pensar que …! (and) to think that …!;
    ¡ni pensarlo! no way! (colloq), not on your life! (colloq)
    c) (Col) ‹ persona to think about

    2 ( tener la intención de):

    pensamos ir al teatro we're thinking of going to the theater;
    no pienso ir I'm not going
    pensarse verbo pronominal ( enf) (fam) ‹decisión/respuesta to think about;
    ver tb pensar verbo transitivo 1b
    pensar
    I verbo intransitivo to think [en, of, about] [sobre, about, over]
    II verbo transitivo
    1 (formarse una idea) to think [de, of]: no quiero que piense de mí que soy una desagradecida, I don't want him to think I'm ungrateful
    2 (examinar una idea) to think over o about: piénsalo dos veces, think it over
    3 (tener una intención) to intend: pensamos ir a la playa este verano, we plan to go to the beach this summer
    4 (tomar una decisión) to think: he pensado que iré a la fiesta, I've decided to go to the party
    ♦ Locuciones: en el momento menos pensado, when least expected
    ¡ni pensarlo!, no way! ➣ Ver nota en consider
    ' pensar' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - dar
    - discurrir
    - dueña
    - dueño
    - frescura
    - griterío
    - matarse
    - ofuscar
    - ombligo
    - planear
    - precipitada
    - precipitado
    - precipitarse
    - tuntún
    - ver
    - creer
    - decir
    - inclinar
    - llevar
    - opinar
    English:
    ahead
    - bear
    - believe
    - dread
    - food
    - hard
    - help
    - imagine
    - impulse
    - intend
    - moon about
    - moon around
    - plan
    - reason
    - rethink
    - shudder
    - sober
    - suggestive
    - think
    - thought
    - very
    - wonder
    - worst
    - beyond
    - collect
    - conjure up
    - dwell
    - impression
    - incline
    - inclined
    - make
    - mixed
    - propose
    - push
    - put
    - sort
    - stop
    - turn
    - yourself
    * * *
    vi
    to think;
    pensar en algo/alguien to think about sth/sb;
    pensar en hacer algo to think about doing sth;
    ¿en qué piensas o [m5] estás pensando? what are you thinking (about)?;
    hemos pensado en ti para este puesto we thought of you for this position;
    piensa en un número/buen regalo think of a number/good present;
    sólo piensas en comer/la comida eating/food is all you think about;
    sólo (de) pensar en ello me pongo enfermo it makes me sick just thinking o just to think about it;
    pensar para sí to think to oneself;
    pensar sobre algo to think about sth;
    piensa sobre lo que te he dicho think about what I've said to you;
    sin pensar without thinking;
    dar que pensar a alguien to give sb food for thought;
    da que pensar que nadie se haya quejado it is somewhat surprising that nobody has complained;
    pensar en voz alta to think aloud;
    no pienses mal… don't get the wrong idea…;
    pensar mal de alguien to think badly o ill of sb;
    pienso, luego existo I think, therefore I am;
    piensa mal y acertarás: ¿quién habrá sido? – piensa mal y acertarás who can it have been? – I think you know who it was;
    ¿le contará la verdad o no? – piensa mal y acertarás will he tell her the truth or not? – it's not too hard to work that one out
    vt
    1. [reflexionar sobre] to think about o over;
    piénsalo think about it, think it over;
    después de pensarlo mucho after much thought, after thinking it over carefully;
    si lo piensas bien… if you think about it…;
    ahora que lo pienso… come to think of it…, now that I think about it…;
    cuando menos lo pienses, te llamarán they'll call you when you least expect it;
    ¡ni pensarlo! no way!;
    pensándolo mejor, pensándolo bien on second thoughts;
    ¡y pensar que no es más que una niña! and to think (that) she's just a girl!
    2. [opinar, creer] to think;
    ¿tú qué piensas? what do you think?;
    pensar algo de algo/alguien to think sth of o about sth/sb;
    ¿qué piensas de…? what do you think of o about…?;
    piensa de él que es un memo she thinks he's an idiot;
    pienso que sí/no I think so/not;
    pienso que no vendrá I don't think she'll come;
    pensaba que no la oíamos she thought we couldn't hear her;
    no vayas a pensar que no me preocupa don't think it doesn't bother me;
    ¡quién lo hubiera pensado! who'd have thought it!
    3. [idear] to think up
    4. [tener la intención de]
    pensar hacer algo to intend to do sth;
    no pienso decírtelo I have no intention of telling you;
    ¿qué piensas hacer? what are you going to do?, what are you thinking of doing?;
    ¿estás pensando en mudarte de casa? are you thinking of moving house?
    5. [decidir] to think;
    ¿has pensado ya el sitio donde vamos a cenar? have you thought where we can go for dinner yet?
    * * *
    I v/t
    1 think about;
    ¡ni pensarlo! don’t even think about it!
    2 ( opinar) think
    II v/i think (en about);
    ¿en qué piensas? what are you thinking about?;
    sin pensar without thinking
    * * *
    pensar {55} vi
    1) : to think
    2)
    pensar en : to think about
    pensar vt
    1) : to think
    2) : to think about
    3) : to intend, to plan on
    * * *
    pensar vb
    1. (reflexionar) to think [pt. & pp. thought]
    ¿en qué estás pensando? what are you thinking about?
    2. (opinar) to think
    ¿qué piensas de mi cuadro? what do you think of my painting?
    3. (tener la intención) to think / to plan [pt. & pp. planned]
    ¿qué piensas hacer? what are you going to do?
    4. (idear) to think up
    ¡ni pensarlo! no way!

    Spanish-English dictionary > pensar

  • 6 sin

    prep.
    without.
    buscan gente sin experiencia previa they are looking for people with no o without previous experience
    sin alcohol alcohol-free
    ha escrito cinco libros sin (contar) las novelas he has written five books, not counting his novels
    está sin hacer it hasn't been done yet
    estamos sin vino we're out of wine
    muchos se quedaron sin casa a lot of people were left homeless, a lot of people lost their homes
    lleva tres noches sin dormir she hasn't slept for three nights
    sin que without
    sin que nadie se enterara without anyone noticing
    sin más (ni más) just like that
    m.
    INS, Immigration and Naturalization Service.
    * * *
    1 (carencia) without
    2 (además de) not counting
    \
    estar sin algo to be out of something
    estar sin + inf not to have been + past participle
    quedarse sin algo to run out of something
    seguir sin to still not
    sin casar unmarried
    sin lo cual otherwise
    sin más ni más without further ado
    sin que + subjuntivo without + - ing
    sin querer accidentally, by mistake
    sin vergüenza shameless
    * * *
    prep.
    * * *
    1. PREP
    1) [seguido de sustantivo, pronombre] without

    ¿puedes abrirla sin llave? — can you open it without a key?

    llevamos diez meses sin noticias — it's been ten months since we've had any news, we've been ten months without news

    parejas jóvenes, sin hijos — young couples with no children

    cerveza sin alcohol — alcohol-free beer, non-alcoholic beer

    estar sin algo, estuvimos varias horas sin luz — we had no electricity for several hours

    quedarse sin algo — (=terminarse) to run out of sth; (=perder) to lose sth

    sin papeles SMF illegal immigrant

    2) (=no incluyendo) not including, excluding

    ese es el precio de la bañera sin los grifos — that is the price of the bath, excluding o not including the taps

    cuesta 550 euros, sin IVA — it costs 550 euros, exclusive of VAT o not including VAT

    3) + infin
    a) [indicando acción]

    nos despedimos, no sin antes recordarles que... — (TV) before saying goodnight we'd like to remind you that...

    no me gusta estar sin hacer nada — I don't like having nothing to do, I don't like doing nothing

    b) [indicando continuidad]

    llevan mucho tiempo sin hablarse — they haven't spoken to each other for a long time

    seguir sin, las camas seguían sin hacer — the beds still hadn't been made

    c) [tras sustantivo pasivo]
    4)

    sin que+ subjun without

    sin que él lo sepa — without him knowing, without his knowing

    2.
    SF (=cerveza sin alcohol) alcohol-free beer
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *
    Ex. Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.
    ----
    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.
    * * *

    cerveza sin alcohol — non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer

    una pareja sin hijos — a couple with no children, a childless couple

    2)
    a)

    sin + inf — ( con significado activo) without -ing

    b)

    sin + inf — ( con significado pasivo)

    3)

    sin que + subj: no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited; quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta — get it off him without his o without him noticing

    * * *

    Ex: Without AACR is doubtful whether computerised cataloguing would have been implemented so relatively painlessly and successfully = Sin las RCAA es dudoso que la catalogación automatizada se hubiera implementado tan fácilmente y con tanto éxito, relativamente hablando.

    * abogado sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * acercarse sin ser visto = sidle up to.
    * afable pero sin sinceridad = suave.
    * agua sin gas = still water.
    * andar sin prisa = mosey.
    * arreglárselas sin = live without, get along without.
    * aunque sin ningún resultado = but (all) to no avail.
    * barato pero sin avergonzarse de ello = cheap and cheerful.
    * biblioteca sin muros = library without walls.
    * biblioteca sin paredes = library without walls.
    * bordado sin consido = needlepoint lace.
    * callejón sin salida = blind alley, catch 22, cul-de-sac, dead end, impasse.
    * camino sin rumbo = the road to nowhere.
    * casi sin previo aviso = without much notice.
    * coche sin caballos = horseless carriage automobile, horseless carriage.
    * colocado sin escalón entre pieza y pieza = edge-flush.
    * continuar sin detenerse = go straight ahead.
    * conversación sin trascendencia = small-talk.
    * decir rápidamente sin parar = rattle off.
    * dejar a Alguien sin aliento = leave + Nombre + breathless.
    * dejar sin cambiar = leave + unchanged.
    * dejar sin hacer = leave + undone.
    * dejar sin referente a una referencia anafórica = dangle + anaphoric reference.
    * dejar sin tocar = leave + Nombre + alone.
    * dejar sin trabajo = put + Nombre + out of work.
    * demanda sin variaciones = inelastic demand.
    * demostrar sin lugar a dudas = prove + conclusively.
    * demostrar sin ninguna duda = demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond all doubt.
    * demostrar sin ningún género de duda = demonstrate + beyond (all) doubt, demonstrate + emphatically, demonstrate + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt, prove + beyond any doubt.
    * desarrollarse sin problemas = go + smoothly.
    * estar sin vivir = be worried sick.
    * evaluación sin intervención del examinador = unobtrusive testing.
    * hablando sin rodeos = crudely put.
    * hablar sin parar = burble on.
    * hablar sin ser entendido = speak in + tongues.
    * hacerlo sin la ayuda de nadie = do + it + on + Posesivo + own.
    * homicidio sin premeditación = manslaughter.
    * ir a un Sitio sin prisa = mosey.
    * lanzarse sin ton ni son = dive + head-first.
    * más largo que un día sin pan = as long as (my/your) arm.
    * medicamento sin receta médica = over the counter medicine.
    * método de la media sin ponderar = unweighted means method.
    * nación sin estado = stateless nation.
    * noche sin poder dormir = sleepless night.
    * no hay dos sin tres = things + come in threes.
    * no miel sin hiel = no pain, no gain.
    * no sin fundamento = not without basis.
    * oficina sin papel = paperless office.
    * papel sin acidez = acid-free paper.
    * pasar desadvertido, pasar sin ser visto = sneak under + the radar.
    * pasar sin = live without, live without.
    * pasar sin ser visto = go + unnoticed.
    * película sin fin = filmloop [film loop/film-loop].
    * permanecer sin cambios = remain + unchanged.
    * permanecer sin especificar = remain + undefined.
    * pero sin conseguirlo = but no dice.
    * pero sin suerte = but no dice.
    * persona sin problemas de vista = sighted person.
    * personas sin hogar = homelessness.
    * personas sin techo = homelessness.
    * político sin escrúpulos = shyster.
    * pozo sin fondo = bottomless pit.
    * pregunta sin respuesta = unanswerable question.
    * publicación sin papel = paperless publishing.
    * quedarse sin aliento = run out of + breath.
    * quedarse sin habla = stun into + speechlessness.
    * quedarse sin negocio = go out of + business.
    * quedarse sin palabras = stun into + speechlessness.
    * rechazar sin más = dismiss + out of hand.
    * referencia anafórica sin referente = dangling anaphoric reference.
    * rima sin sentido = nonsense, nonsense verse.
    * salir sin ser visto = slip out.
    * sin abrir = unopened.
    * sin abrirse = unfolded.
    * sin abrochar = undone.
    * sin acabar = unfinished.
    * sin acentuar = unaccented.
    * sin acontecimientos que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin adornos = unadorned, unvarnished.
    * sin afectar = unaffected.
    * sin afeitar = unshaven.
    * sin afeitar desde hace varios días = stubbly [stubblier -comp., stubbliest -sup.].
    * sin afiliación a un partido político = non-partisan [nonpartisan].
    * sin afiliación religiosa = non-sectarian [nonsectarian].
    * sin agua = waterless.
    * sin aguja = needleless.
    * sin ajustar = unadjusted, loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin alcohol = alcoholfree.
    * sin aliento = breathlessly, breathless.
    * sin alinear = unjustified.
    * sin alterar = unaltered, unmodified.
    * sin ambigüedad = unambiguous.
    * sin amor = loveless.
    * sin analizar = unexamined, unanalysed.
    * sin ánimo = despondently.
    * sin ánimo de lucro = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making, not-for-profit, generously.
    * sin apenas ser oído = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin apoyo = unsupported.
    * sin apretar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin árboles = treeless.
    * sin arreglo = beyond repair.
    * sin arrepentimiento = no-looking-back.
    * sin asignar = unallocated.
    * sin asignar todavía = unassigned.
    * sin asimilar = undigested.
    * sin atajar = unconfronted.
    * sin atractivo = unattractive.
    * sin atrasos = paid-up, in good standing.
    * sin autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], unlicensed.
    * sin avergonzarse = unashamed.
    * sin avisar = unannounced, out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin aviso previo = without warning.
    * sin ayuda = unaided, unassisted.
    * sin ayuda de nadie = all by + Reflexivo, by + Reflexivo.
    * sin barba = beardless.
    * sin barnizar = unvarnished.
    * sin base = unsupported, ill-founded.
    * sin blanca = broke, skint.
    * sin blanquear = unbleached.
    * sin blindar = unshielded.
    * sin bombo(s) ni platillo(s) = without much ado.
    * sin brillo = dull, tarnished.
    * sin cabeza = headless, decapitated.
    * sin cables = wireless.
    * sin cafeina = decaffeinated.
    * sin calorías = calorieless.
    * sin cambio = inviolate.
    * sin cambios = monotone, stable, undisturbed, unchanged, unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin cancelar = uncancelled.
    * sin canjear = unredeemed.
    * sin cansancio = indefatigably.
    * sin capacidad de discernimiento = undiscriminating.
    * sin cara = faceless.
    * sin carácter = boneless, spineless.
    * sin carne = meatless.
    * sin castigo = impunitive, unpunished.
    * sin catalogar = uncatalogued [uncataloged, -USA].
    * sin causa alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin causa aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin causa justificada = without justified reason.
    * sin causar daño = harmlessly.
    * sin ceremonias = unceremonious, unceremoniously.
    * sin cerrar con llave = unlocked.
    * sin certeza de cobrar = on spec.
    * sin cesar = steadily.
    * sin clases sociales = classless.
    * sin clavos = studless.
    * sin clemencia = mercilessly.
    * sin cobrar = free of charge, unredeemed, uncollected.
    * sin cohesión = scrappily, scrappy [scrappier -comp., scrappiest -sup.], bitty [bittier -comp., bittiest -sup.].
    * sin cohibiciones = unselfconsciously.
    * sin cola = ecaudate.
    * sin columnas = single-column.
    * sin comentar = unannotated.
    * sin comerlo ni beberlo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin comérselo ni bebérselo = without having anything to do with it.
    * sin compasión = mercilessly.
    * sin complicaciones = smoothly, boilerplate [boiler plate], uncomplicated, straightforward, uncomplicatedly, hassle-free.
    * sin comprimir = uncompressed.
    * sin comprobar = untested.
    * sin compromiso = without obligation, fancy-free.
    * sin compromisos = with no strings attached.
    * sin concluir = unfinished.
    * sin concretar = to be decided.
    * sin condiciones = unconditionally.
    * sin condiciones especiales = with no strings attached.
    * sin confirmar = unconfirmed, unsubstantiated, unvalidated, to be confirmed.
    * sin conocer = ignorant of.
    * sin conocimiento = unconscious.
    * sin conocimiento de causa = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anteriormente = stateless.
    * sin conservar información sobre las consultas realizadas anterior = stateless.
    * sin constancia de ello = unrecorded.
    * sin consumir = nonconsumptive.
    * sin contacto = non-contact.
    * sin contaminar = untainted, uncontaminated.
    * sin contar = not including, excluding.
    * sin contar con = in the absence of.
    * sin contenido = contentless, trivial.
    * sin contratiempos = smoothly.
    * sin control = uncontrolled.
    * sin controlar = unsupervised.
    * sin convicción = doubtfully, lamely.
    * sin coordinación = uncoordinated [unco-ordinated].
    * sin corregir = unamended, uncorrected, unrevised.
    * sin correlacionar = uncorrelated.
    * sin corroborar = unsubstantiated.
    * sin cortapisas = untrammelled.
    * sin cortar = uncut.
    * sin coscarse = without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin costas = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin coste alguno = at no personal cost, at no cost, without cost, costless, without charge, free of charge, free of cost, cost free, for free, at no charge.
    * sin costo adicional alguno = at no extra charge, at no extra cost, at no extra charge.
    * sin costuras = seamless.
    * sin crecimiento = non-growth.
    * sin créditos = non-credit.
    * sin criterio alguno = indiscriminate, indiscriminately.
    * sin cuajar = runny [runnier -comp., runniest -sup.].
    * sin cuantificar = unmeasured.
    * sin cubrir = unfilled.
    * sin cuestionarlo = uncritically.
    * sin cultura = uncultured.
    * sin daños = undamaged.
    * sin dar basto = left, right and centre.
    * sin darle importancia = airily.
    * sin darme cuenta = before I know what's happened.
    * sin darnos cuenta = out of sight.
    * sin darse cuenta = inadvertently, unwittingly, unknowingly, without realising, without noticing, unconsciously.
    * sin debatir = undiscussed.
    * sin decir nada = dumbly.
    * sin decir ni mú = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir ni pío = as quiet as a mouse.
    * sin decir una palabra = without saying a word.
    * sin defecto = untainted, unblemished.
    * sin dejar huella = into thin air.
    * sin dejar nada fuera = the works!.
    * sin dejar rastro = into thin air.
    * sin dejarse amedrentar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse amilanar por = undaunted by.
    * sin dejarse desanimar = undaunted.
    * sin dejarse intimidar por = undaunted by.
    * sin delimitar = unmapped.
    * sin demora = on the spot, straight away, without delay, at short notice, promptly, right away, at once.
    * sin demorarse un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin demoras = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin desarrollar = undeveloped.
    * sin descansar = without (a) rest.
    * sin descanso = relentlessly, restlessly, breathlessly, unabated, without a break, without (a) rest, day in and day out, without respite.
    * sin descanso, sin un descanso, sin parar, sin descansar, sin interrupción = without a break.
    * sin descubrir = undiscovered.
    * sin descuento = undiscounted.
    * sin desdoblarse = unfolded.
    * sin desearlo = unwantedly.
    * sin desgastar = unworn.
    * sin desperdiciar un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin determinación de culpabilidad = no-fault.
    * sin determinar = undefined.
    * sin detonar = unexploded.
    * sin deudas = debt free.
    * sin dientes = toothless.
    * sin diferencias = undifferentiated.
    * sin dificultad = without difficulty.
    * sin dificultad alguna = without a hitch.
    * sin diluir = undiluted.
    * sin dinero = impecunious.
    * sin dinero en metálico = cashless.
    * sin discapacidad = able-bodied.
    * sin discapacidades = able-bodied.
    * sin disciplina = undisciplined, ill-disciplined.
    * sin discriminar = indiscriminate, on equal terms.
    * sin discutir = no arguments!, undiscussed.
    * sin disminuir = non-decreasing, unabated.
    * sin disolver = undiluted.
    * sin disponer de = in the absence of.
    * sin división espacial = spatially unstructured.
    * sin doblarse = unfolded.
    * sin documentar = undocumented.
    * sin dolor = painless.
    * sin domicilio fijo = of no fixed abode.
    * sin drenar = undrained.
    * sin duda = doubtless, no doubt, of course, surely, to be sure, undoubtedly, indubitably, without a doubt, without doubt, no mistake, hands down.
    * sin duda alguna = without any doubt.
    * sin dudar = without a doubt.
    * sin dudarlo = without hesitation.
    * sin editar = unedited.
    * sin el menor asomo de duda = without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin embargo = however, nevertheless, still, yet, that being said, all this said.
    * sin emitir humo = smokeless.
    * sin empleo = jobless.
    * sin encuadernar = unbound.
    * sin energía = lethargic.
    * sin engorros = hassle-free.
    * sin entallar = loosely hanging, baggy [baggier -comp., baggiest -sup.], saggy [saggier -comp., saggiest -sup.].
    * sin enterrar = unburied.
    * sin entusiasmo = half-hearted [halfhearted].
    * sin envolver = unwrapped.
    * sin errores = error-free.
    * sin escatimar = without stint, unstintingly.
    * sin escenificar = unproduced.
    * sin escrúpulos = unscrupulous, unconscionable, without scruples, unprincipled.
    * sin escurrir = undrained.
    * sin esfuerzo = effortless, effortlessly.
    * sin esfuerzo alguno = effortlessly.
    * sin especializar = non-specialised.
    * sin especificar = unspecified.
    * sin esperanza = hopeless, dispiritedly, hopelessly.
    * sin esperarlo = out of the blue, like a bolt out of the blue, like a bolt from the blue.
    * sin espinas = boneless.
    * sin estar obstaculizado por = untrammelled by.
    * sin estilo = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin estructura = unstructured.
    * sin estudios = ill-educated.
    * sin evaluar = unevaluated.
    * sin examinar = unexamined.
    * sin exceder el presupuesto = budgetable.
    * sin excepción = without exception, without fail.
    * sin excesivo rigor = loosely.
    * sin excusa justificada = unexcused.
    * sin existencias = out-of-stock.
    * sin éxito = unsuccessful.
    * sin experiencia = inexperience, callow [callower -comp., callowest -sup.].
    * sin explicar = unexplained.
    * sin explorar = unexplored.
    * sin explotar = untapped, unexploded.
    * sin extras = no-frills.
    * sin fallar = without fail.
    * sin fallos = flawlessly.
    * sin falta = without fail.
    * sin fecha = undated.
    * sin fechar = undated.
    * sin fianza = without bail.
    * sin fin = never-finishing, never-ending, bottomless, interminably, unending.
    * sin finalidad = purposeless.
    * sin financiación = unfunded.
    * sin fines lucrativos = non-profit [nonprofit], non-profit making.
    * sin firma = unsigned.
    * sin firmar = unsigned.
    * sin fondo = bottomless.
    * sin forma = bodilessly, formless.
    * sin formación = ill-educated.
    * sin formación previa = untrained.
    * sin forrar = uncovered.
    * sin fronteras = borderless.
    * sin fundamento = unwarranted, unsupported, ungrounded, without foundation, without basis.
    * sin fundamento alguno = without any basis.
    * sin ganas = half-heartedly.
    * sin gastos = no cost(s).
    * sin grabar = unengraved.
    * sin gracia = dowdy [dowdier -comp., dowdiest -sup.].
    * sin grasa = nonfat.
    * sin grasas = nonfat, fat free.
    * sin guardar una correlación = uncorrelated.
    * sin haber contacto = non-contact.
    * sin haber pasado por la calandria = uncalendered.
    * sin habla = speechless.
    * sin hacer = undone.
    * sin hacer caso = regardless.
    * sin hacer distinciones = one size fits all.
    * sin hacer ruido = as quiet as a mouse, furtively, softly.
    * sin herrar = unshod.
    * sin hilación = rambling.
    * sin hogar = homeless.
    * sin hueso = boneless.
    * sin humo = smokeless.
    * sin humor = humourless [humorless, -USA].
    * sin humos = smoke-free.
    * sin idea = clueless.
    * sin ideas preconcebidas = open mind.
    * sin identificar = unidentified, unmapped, unnamed.
    * sin igual = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin impedimentos = unimpeded.
    * sin importancia = negligible, unimportant, trifling, immaterial, of no consequence.
    * sin importar = regardless of, independently of, disregarding.
    * sin importar + Adjetivo/Adverbio + que sea = however + Adjetivo/Adverbio.
    * sin importar el tiempo = all-weather.
    * sin importar las consecuencias = regardless of the consequences.
    * sin importar qué = no matter what/which.
    * sin impuestos = duty-free, tax-free.
    * sin impurezas = purified.
    * sin incluir = unlisted, exclusive of, not including, excluding.
    * sin incluir las comidas = self-catering.
    * sin índice = indexless.
    * sin + Infinitivo = without + Gerundio.
    * sin información sobre el estado anterior = stateless.
    * sin inhibiciones = uninhibited.
    * sin inmutarse = undeterred, impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin intención = involuntarily.
    * sin interés = unexciting, uninteresting, unmoving, vapid.
    * sin interrupción = continuously, without a break, without (a) rest, in an unbroken line.
    * sin interrupciones = in a single phase.
    * sin intervención de un intermediario = disintermediated.
    * sin intervención directa = nonobtrusive.
    * sin investigar = unresearched.
    * sin justificación = unreasonably, unjustified.
    * sin justificación alguna = wantonly.
    * sin justificar = unjustified.
    * sin la amenaza de = unthreatened (by).
    * sin la ayuda de nadie = single-handed, single-handedly.
    * sin la debida autorización = unauthorised [unauthorized, -USA], warrantless.
    * sin la debida consideración = without due consideration.
    * sin la más mínima duda = without the shadow of a doubt, without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la más mínima duda = beyond a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la menor duda = no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin la menor idea = clueless.
    * sin la menor sombra de duda = without a shadow of a doubt.
    * sin la suficiente financiación = underfinanced [under-financed].
    * sin lavar = unwashed.
    * sin leer = unread.
    * sin levadura = unleavened.
    * sin licencia = unlicensed.
    * sin líder = leaderless.
    * sin limitaciones = without stint, without limit.
    * sin límite = without limit, without stint, interminably.
    * sin límite(s) = unbounded, unfettered, unstinting, unstintingly, the sky is the limit.
    * sin litoral = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin llamar la atención = inconspicuously.
    * sin lógica ni explicación = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin lugar a dudas = conclusively, undeniably, unquestionably, without any doubt, by all accounts, no mistake, no doubt, without a shadow of a doubt, beyond a shadow of a doubt, to be sure.
    * sin lujos = no-frills.
    * sin luna = moonless.
    * sin luz de luna = moonless.
    * sin madera = woodfree.
    * sin madurar = unripened.
    * sin maldad = guileless.
    * sin malicia = guileless.
    * sin mancha = unblemished, untainted, stainless.
    * sin mangas = sleeveless.
    * sin mantenimiento = maintenance-free.
    * sin marcar = unpriced.
    * sin marca registrada = non-proprietary.
    * sin más = out of hand, unceremoniously, unceremonious.
    * sin más dilación = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado, without warning.
    * sin más ni más = unceremoniously, unceremonious, for the love of it, without much ado.
    * sin más preámbulos = without (any) further ado, without (any) more ado.
    * sin medir = unmeasured.
    * sin mencionar = not to mention, not to say, not to speak of.
    * sin meternos en el hecho de que = to say nothing of.
    * sin mezcla = unmixed.
    * sin mezclar = unmixed.
    * sin miedo = with confidence.
    * sin miramientos = unceremoniously.
    * sin misericordia = ruthlessly.
    * sin modificar = unmodified, unaltered, unedited.
    * sin molestias = hassle-free.
    * sin motivo alguno = wantonly.
    * sin motivo aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin motivo justificado = without justified reason.
    * sin moverse del sitio = in place.
    * sin movimiento = unmoving, motionless.
    * sin mucha antelación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha anticipación = at short notice.
    * sin mucha dificultad = painlessly.
    * sin muchas contemplaciones = unceremoniously.
    * sin muchos inconvenientes = without much grudging.
    * sin nada de gracia = unfunny.
    * sin nada que destacar = uneventful.
    * sin necesidad de ello = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin necesidad de pensar = thought-free.
    * sin ninguna duda = without question, without any doubt, beyond doubt, beyond any doubt, no mistake, no doubt.
    * sin ningún cosste = without cost.
    * sin ningún coste = without charge, free of charge, at no cost, free of cost, cost free, for free, costless, at no charge.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo = effortlessly.
    * sin ningún esfuerzo mental = thought-free.
    * sin ningún género de duda = without any doubt whatsoever, without any doubt whatsoever.
    * sin ningún género de dudas = indisputably.
    * sin ningún motivo = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin ningún nivel de especialización = unskilled.
    * sin ningún otro motivo = (just) for the hell of (doing) it.
    * sin ningún remedio posible = beyond redemption.
    * sin ningún reparo = unabashed.
    * sin ningún resultado = to no avail, without any avail, of no avail.
    * sin ningún tipo de restricciones = no holds barred.
    * sin nombrar = unnamed.
    * sin norte = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin notar la diferencia = seamlessly, seamless.
    * sin nubes = unclouded, uncloudy, cloudless.
    * sin numeración = unnumbered.
    * sin numerar = unnumbered.
    * sin obligaciones = at leisure.
    * sin obstáculos = unchecked, unhindered, unimpeded, unobstructed.
    * sin obstáculos de por medio = uncluttered.
    * sin obstrucciones = unobstructed.
    * sin olor = odourless [odorless, -USA].
    * sin olvidar = not to mention.
    * sin operario = unmanned.
    * sin oposición = without opposition, unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin orden = unordered.
    * sin ordenar = unordered, unsorted.
    * sin orden ni concierto = higgledy-piggledy, without rhyme or reason.
    * sin originalidad = unoriginal.
    * sin palabras = wordless.
    * sin papel = paperless.
    * sin par = unequalled, unexampled, unsurpassed, unique unto itself, unique, without peer, unrivalled [unrivaled, -USA], without equal, matchless.
    * sin paralelo = unparalleled.
    * sin parangón = unparalleled, unequalled, without peer, matchless.
    * sin parar = steadily, non-stop, without a break, without (a) rest, on-the-go, interminably, without respite, without stopping.
    * sin parar a pensárselo = off-hand [offhand].
    * sin pararse a pensar = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin patente = non-proprietary.
    * sin pausa = breathlessly.
    * sin peculio = impecunious.
    * sin peligro alguno = safely.
    * sin pelo = hairless.
    * sin pelos en la lengua = outspokenly.
    * sin pensar = mindlessly.
    * sin pensar (en) = unmindful of, with little or no thought of, without thinking (about).
    * sin pensarlo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensarlo demasiado = off-the-cuff, off the top of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo detenidamente = out of + Posesivo + head.
    * sin pensarlo mucho = off the top of + Posesivo + head, right off the bat.
    * sin pensárselo = spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment.
    * sin pensárselo dos veces = without a second thought, spur-of-the-moment, on the spur of the moment, at the drop of a hat.
    * sin pepitas = seedless.
    * sin percatarse = without realising, without noticing, unconsciously, unknowingly, unwittingly.
    * sin perder de vista = with an eye on.
    * sin perder un (solo) minuto = without a moment wasted, without a wasted moment, without a minute wasted, without a wasted minute.
    * sin pérdida = lossless.
    * sin perjuicio de = notwithstanding.
    * sin perjuicios = open mind.
    * sin permiso = without permission, unlicensed.
    * sin pestañear = impassively, without batting an eyelid, without turning a hair.
    * sin pico = flat-topped.
    * sin piedad = ruthlessly, remorseless, mercilessly.
    * sin piel = skinless.
    * sin pies ni cabeza = without rhyme or reason.
    * sin pistas = clueless.
    * sin planificar = unplanned.
    * sin poblar = unpopulated.
    * sin poder contenerse = helplessly.
    * sin poder dormir = sleepless.
    * sin poder extinguirlo = inextinguishably.
    * sin poder hacer nada = helplessly.
    * sin poner en duda la veracidad de Algo temporalmente = suspension of disbelief.
    * sin poner en escena = unproduced.
    * sin ponerlo en duda = uncritically.
    * sin ponerse en duda = unquestioned.
    * sin precedente = unparalleled, unexampled.
    * sin precedentes = unprecedented, record breaking, record-high, all-time.
    * sin precio = unpriced.
    * sin preguntar = unasked.
    * sin prejuicios = open-minded, fair-minded [fairminded].
    * sin prentesiones = unpretentious.
    * sin preocupaciones = carefree, worry-free.
    * sin preparación técnica = non-technical.
    * sin préstamo = non-circulating [noncirculating].
    * sin prestar atención = mindlessly.
    * sin pretensiones = unassuming, humble [humbler -comp., humblest -sup.].
    * sin previo aviso = unannounced, without warning, without notice, without prior notice, without prior notification, on spec, at the drop of a hat, without (any) further notice.
    * sin principios = unscrupulous, unprincipled.
    * sin prisa(s) = unhurriedly, leisurely.
    * sin problemas = smoothly, smooth [smoother -comp., smoothest -sup.], problem-free, trouble free [trouble-free], without a hitch, unproblematically, carefree, without difficulty, in good standing.
    * sin problemas de vista = sighted.
    * sin procesar = unprocessed.
    * sin propiedades = propertyless.
    * sin propiedad rural = landless.
    * sin protección = unprotected.
    * sin provocación = unprovoked.
    * sin publicar = unpublished.
    * sin pulir = unpolished.
    * sin quejarse = uncomplaining, uncomplainingly.
    * sin quemar = unburned.
    * sin querer = involuntarily, unwilling, by accident, accidentally, unintentionally, unwantedly.
    * sin querer + Infinitivo = unwilling to + Infinitivo.
    * sin quererlo = unwantedly.
    * sin que se entienda = slurred.
    * sin que se note la diferencia = seamlessly.
    * sin rabo = ecaudate.
    * sin razón = wanton, for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón alguna = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no particular reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón aparente = for no apparent reason, for apparently no reason.
    * sin razón justificada = for no reason, for no specific reason, for no good reason.
    * sin razón justificda = for no particular reason.
    * sin recelo = with confidence.
    * sin receta médica = over the counter.
    * sin reclamar = unredeemed.
    * sin recoger = uncollected.
    * sin reconocer = unrecognised [unrecognized, -USA].
    * sin reconocimiento de créditos = non-credit.
    * sin recopilar = uncollected.
    * sin recursos = resource-starved.
    * sin refinar = unrefined.
    * sin reflexionar = rashly.
    * sin registrar = unlisted.
    * sin reglamentar = unregulated.
    * sin regular = unregulated.
    * sin regularizar = unregulated.
    * sin relación = unrelated, unconnected.
    * sin relación con = unrelated to.
    * sin remedio = beyond repair, incurably, incorrigibly.
    * sin remordimientos = no-looking-back.
    * sin reparar = unrepaired.
    * sin reparo = unashamed.
    * sin reparos = unshielded.
    * sin representación = unrepresented.
    * sin reserva = unconditionally, unreserved.
    * sin reservas = unshielded, wholehearted [whole-hearted], go + the whole hog, the full monty, without reservation, wholeheartedly [whole-heartedly], forthright, categorical, uncompromising, uncompromisingly, unqualified, categoric, unmitigaged, unreserved, unreservedly.
    * sin residencia fija = of no fixed abode.
    * sin resistencia = unchallenged, unopposed.
    * sin resistirse = passively.
    * sin resolver = unresolved, unsolved, unsettled, uncleared.
    * sin respiro = without a break, without (a) rest, without respite.
    * sin responder = unanswered.
    * sin restricciones = unrestricted, unlimited, uninhibited, unrestrictive, unfettered, free-flowing, without stint, without limit, no holds barred, unencumbered.
    * sin restricciones de horario = unscheduled.
    * sin retirar = uncleared, uncollected.
    * sin retrasos = in a timely fashion, in a timely manner.
    * sin revelar = undisclosed, unrevealed.
    * sin revestir = uncoated.
    * sin revisar = unrevised.
    * sin riesgo = riskless.
    * sin rodeos = head-on, baldly, bluntly, outspokenly.
    * sin ruido = soundless.
    * sin rumbo = aimless, off course, rudderless.
    * sin saberlo = unbeknown to, unbeknownst to.
    * sin saber qué decir = nonplussed [nonplused].
    * sin sabor = tasteless.
    * sin saldar = uncollected.
    * sin salida al mar = land-bound [landbound], land-locked [landlocked].
    * sin sanción = unsanctioned.
    * sin seleccionar = unselected.
    * sin semillas = seedless.
    * sin sentido = meaningless, purposeless, pointless, senseless, wanton, nonsensical, unconscious.
    * sin sentir ningún reparo = unashamed.
    * sin sentir vergüenza = shamelessly.
    * sin ser afectado = untouched.
    * sin ser anunciado de antemano = unannounced.
    * sin ser consciente de ello = unbeknownst to, unbeknown to.
    * sin ser detectado = undetected.
    * sin ser evaluado por expertos = unrefereed.
    * sin ser necesario = gratuitous, gratuitously.
    * sin ser percibido = out of sight.
    * sin ser superado = unsurpassed.
    * sin ser visto = unseen, undetected, unobserved, out of sight.
    * sin significado = meaningless.
    * sin simplificar = unabridged.

    * * *
    A without
    lo tomo con leche y sin azúcar I take milk but no sugar
    reserva garantizada sin recargo guaranteed reservation at no extra cost
    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news
    solicite más información sin compromiso send for more details without obligation
    sin previo aviso with no advance warning
    ¡tírate! ¡sin miedo! jump! don't be scared!
    ¿qué harías tú sin mí? what would you do without me?
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer
    una pareja sin hijos a couple with no children, a childless couple
    un vuelo sin escalas a non-stop o direct flight
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    se quedó sin trabajo he lost his job
    una persona totalmente sin escrúpulos a completely unscrupulous person
    B
    1 sin + INF (con significado activo) without -ING
    se fue sin pagar she left without paying
    lo mandaron a la cama sin cenar they sent him to bed without any dinner
    somos diez sin contarlos a ellos there are ten of us not counting them
    estuvo una semana entera sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a whole week, she went a whole week without speaking to me
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot
    2 sin + INF
    (con significado pasivo): una camisa sin planchar an unironed shirt, a shirt that hasn't/hadn't been ironed
    esto está aún sin terminar this still isn't finished
    C sin QUE + SUBJ:
    los días pasan sin que dé señales de vida the days go by and there is still no word from him, the days go by with no word from him o without any word from him
    no voy a ir sin que me inviten I'm not going if I haven't been invited
    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing
    Compuesto:
    * * *

     

    sin preposición
    1 without;

    seguimos sin noticias we still haven't had any news;
    agua mineral sin gas still mineral water;
    cerveza sin alcohol non-alcoholic beer, alcohol-free beer;
    me quedé sin pan I ran out of bread
    2


    estuvo una semana sin hablarme she didn't speak to me for a week;
    sigo sin entender I still don't understand;
    la pisé sin querer I accidentally trod on her foot


    esto está aún sin terminar it still isn't finished
    3 sin que + subj:

    quítaselo sin que se dé cuenta get it off him without his o without him noticing;
    See Also→ embargo 2
    sin preposición without: se marchó sin ellos, he left without them
    costó mil pesetas, sin contar el IVA, it cost one thousand pesetas, not including VAT
    el edificio estaba sin terminar, the building was unfinished
    entre sin llamar, come in without knocking
    saldré sin que me vea, I'll go out without him seeing
    una bebida sin alcohol, a non-alcoholic drink
    ' sin' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    A
    - abierta
    - abierto
    - absoluta
    - absoluto
    - accidental
    - acéfala
    - acéfalo
    - agotar
    - agotada
    - agotado
    - agreste
    - ahora
    - ahorcarse
    - ajena
    - ajeno
    - alguna
    - alguno
    - aliento
    - alquilar
    - ambages
    - amorfa
    - amorfo
    - aparente
    - asesinar
    - aviso
    - ayunas
    - bagatela
    - baja
    - bajo
    - bañera
    - berrido
    - bien
    - blanca
    - blanco
    - bocado
    - bregar
    - bruta
    - bruto
    - burbuja
    - caldo
    - calle
    - callejón
    - calva
    - camino
    - caprichosa
    - caprichoso
    - causa
    - cazo
    - cero
    English:
    ability
    - accident
    - accidental
    - accidentally
    - accustom
    - ado
    - afraid
    - age
    - agree
    - aimless
    - aimlessly
    - all-time
    - ammunition
    - another
    - antsy
    - anyhow
    - arrogant
    - at
    - attach
    - away
    - AWOL
    - babble
    - backbencher
    - backing
    - bare
    - barge in
    - basic
    - bat
    - bean
    - begin
    - behave
    - beyond
    - blank
    - blind alley
    - blue
    - blunt
    - bluntly
    - blurt out
    - boarding card
    - boarding pass
    - book
    - boorish
    - bootstrap
    - bottomless
    - break
    - breath
    - breathless
    - broke
    - busywork
    - buzz off
    * * *
    SIN nf
    1. (abrev de Servicio de Inteligencia Nacional del Perú) = Peruvian national intelligence department
    2. (abrev de Servicio de Inmigración y Naturalización) INS [US Immigration and Naturalization Service]
    * * *
    prp without;
    sin preguntar without asking;
    sin decir nada without (saying) a word;
    sin paraguas without an umbrella;
    sin que without;
    y sin más and without further ado;
    me lo dijo así, sin más that’s all he said to me, just that
    * * *
    sin prep
    1) : without
    sin querer: unintentionally
    sin refinar: unrefined
    2)
    sin que : without
    lo hicimos sin que él se diera cuenta: we did it without him noticing
    * * *
    sin prep
    1. (en general) without

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin

  • 7 sin necesidad de pensar

    (adj.) = thought-free
    Ex. Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    * * *
    (adj.) = thought-free

    Ex: Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin necesidad de pensar

  • 8 sin ningún esfuerzo mental

    (adj.) = thought-free
    Ex. Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    * * *
    (adj.) = thought-free

    Ex: Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.

    Spanish-English dictionary > sin ningún esfuerzo mental

  • 9 trabajo de clase

    (n.) = essay assignment, class assignment, course assignment, student assignment, written assignment
    Ex. Internet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    Ex. Class assignments may have to be redesigned if the full capabilities offered by multimedia instructional products are to be fully exploited.
    Ex. The author discusses the course assignments, teaching methods and materials, and the lessons learned from the experience.
    Ex. City librarians need to be notified about student assignments so that materials can be pulled from shelves and reserved for student use.
    Ex. Some 25% of students admitted to cheating in examinations and 50% to one or more instances of cheating on written assignments the past year.
    * * *
    (n.) = essay assignment, class assignment, course assignment, student assignment, written assignment

    Ex: Internet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.

    Ex: Class assignments may have to be redesigned if the full capabilities offered by multimedia instructional products are to be fully exploited.
    Ex: The author discusses the course assignments, teaching methods and materials, and the lessons learned from the experience.
    Ex: City librarians need to be notified about student assignments so that materials can be pulled from shelves and reserved for student use.
    Ex: Some 25% of students admitted to cheating in examinations and 50% to one or more instances of cheating on written assignments the past year.

    Spanish-English dictionary > trabajo de clase

  • 10 tramposo

    adj.
    tricky, cheating, crooked, deceitful.
    m.
    tricky person, cheat, swindler, dodger.
    * * *
    1 deceitful, tricky
    nombre masculino,nombre femenino
    1 trickster, cheat (en las cartas) cardsharp
    * * *
    (f. - tramposa)
    noun
    cheat, swindler
    * * *
    tramposo, -a
    1.
    ADJ crooked, tricky
    2. SM / F
    1) [en el juego] cheat; (=estafador) crook *, shyster (EEUU), swindler; (=tahúr) cardsharp
    2) (Econ) bad payer
    * * *
    I
    - sa adjetivo
    II
    - sa masculino, femenino cheat
    * * *
    = shifty, cheater, cardsharp, dishonest.
    Ex. 'Client' has overtones of shifty lawyers and overpaid realtors.
    Ex. Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    Ex. He was a cold-blooded killer, cardsharp, gambler and a consumptive who also ran several confidence scams.
    Ex. Mostly facsimiles are made without dishonest intent, although some have certainly been intended to deceive, and the ease with which they can be identified varies with the reproduction process used.
    * * *
    I
    - sa adjetivo
    II
    - sa masculino, femenino cheat
    * * *
    = shifty, cheater, cardsharp, dishonest.

    Ex: 'Client' has overtones of shifty lawyers and overpaid realtors.

    Ex: Intenrnet also enables enterprising would-be cheaters to cut and paste material for easy and relatively thought-free composition of essay assignments.
    Ex: He was a cold-blooded killer, cardsharp, gambler and a consumptive who also ran several confidence scams.
    Ex: Mostly facsimiles are made without dishonest intent, although some have certainly been intended to deceive, and the ease with which they can be identified varies with the reproduction process used.

    * * *
    tramposo1 -sa
    es muy tramposa she's a real cheat
    tramposo2 -sa
    masculine, feminine
    cheat
    * * *

     

    tramposo
    ◊ -sa adjetivo: ser tramposo to be a cheat

    ■ sustantivo masculino, femenino
    cheat
    tramposo,-a
    I adjetivo deceitful
    II sustantivo masculino y femenino cheat

    ' tramposo' also found in these entries:
    Spanish:
    tahúr
    - tramposa
    - cochino
    - deshonesto
    English:
    cheat
    - dodger
    * * *
    tramposo, -a
    adj
    cheating;
    no seas tan tramposo don't be such a cheat
    nm,f
    cheat
    * * *
    I adj crooked
    II m, tramposa f cheat, crook
    * * *
    tramposo, -sa adj
    : crooked, cheating
    tramposo, -sa n
    : cheat, swindler
    * * *
    tramposo adj n cheat

    Spanish-English dictionary > tramposo

  • 11 free-lance

    free-lance
    free-lance [fri-lans]
    Freiberufler(in) masculino (femenino)

    Diccionario Español-Alemán > free-lance

  • 12 free-lance

    ['frilans]
    adjetivo invariable freelance
    * * *
    ['frilans]
    adjetivo invariable freelance
    * * *
    /ˈfrilans/
    freelance

    Spanish-English dictionary > free-lance

  • 13 free shop

    m.
    duty-free shop. ( River Plate)
    * * *
    /friˈʃop/
    ( Arg)
    duty-free shop
    * * *
    free shop ['friʃop] (pl free shops) nm
    RP duty-free shop

    Spanish-English dictionary > free shop

  • 14 duty free

    m.
    duty free shop.

    Spanish-English dictionary > duty free

  • 15 free-jazz

    free-jazz

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-jazz

  • 16 free-jazzs

    free-jazzs

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-jazzs

  • 17 free-lance

    free-lance

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-lance

  • 18 free-lances

    free-lances

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-lances

  • 19 free-shop

    free-shop

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-shop

  • 20 free-shops

    free-shops

    Vocabulario Castellano-Catalán > free-shops

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